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Temporate woodlands & shrublands

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wu alex

on 3 March 2011

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Transcript of Temporate woodlands & shrublands

Temporate wooodland Shrubland The temperate woodland is a biome with a mix of shrub communities and open woodlands, the dense, low-growing plants often contains flammable oil, which makes fire a constant threat. temperate woodlands are mostly located around the Mediterranean Sea. They exist around countries like Spain, Italy, France, Tunis, Greece, and Turkey. In the world, temperate woodlands are around 45 degrees North, which includes eastern United States. and the Mediterranean sea. and 28 degrees south, which would also include Southern Australia, Southern Africa, and Southern America. The temperate woodlands are located where they are for a reason, first, all temperate forests are located at temperate zones of the globe, which gives them their mild climate.
Second, temperate woodlands are all located near the coast, which gives them their moist, cool winter, and ocean currents bring hot and dry air during summer. Coyotes Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Mammalia Order: Carnivora Family: Canidae Genus: Canis Species: Latrans Canis Latrans Bobcats Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Mammalia Order: Carnivora Family: Felidae Genus: Lynx Species: Rufus Lynx Rufus Rabbits Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Mammalia Order: Lagomorpha Family: Leporidae Genus: Oryctolagus
Species: cuniculus Oryctolagus Cuniculus Hawk Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Aves Order: Accipitriformes Family: Accipitridae Genus: Accipiter Species: Gentilis Accipiter Gentilis Sage Kingdom: Plantae Phylum: Angiosperms Class: Eudicots Order: Lamiales Family: Lamiaceae Genus: Perovskia Species: atriplicifolia Perovskia atriplicifolia Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Monocots
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Genus: Alopecurus
Species: pratensis Meadow Foxtail Alopecurus Pratensis Hemlock Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Pinophyta
Class: Pinopsida
Order: Pinales
Family: Pinaceae
Genus: Tsuga
Species: Heterophylla Tsuga Heterophylla Lavender Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Eudicots
Class: Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Lamiaceae
Genus: Lavandula
Species: Angustifolia Lavandula Angustifolia Temperate woodlands have open open habitats that allows plenty of sunlight to enter, this is the reason why low-growing plants, like lavenders, are able to surivive because it is able to receive enough sunlight , which would have been blocked if the trees more too thick. Temperature Sunlight The temperature of the temperate woodland is mild round the year, Its temperature range from 18 degrees celsius in summer, and 10 degrees celsius during winter, this is why the plants are evergreen.
This also affects the animals, causing them to change
the color of the fur to adapt to the changing leaves,
for camouflage purposes. Percipitation Temperate woodlands receive about 27 inches of rain per year, this way, it is able to support its dense understory
of bushes and shrubs. These shrubs, in return, provide shelter for many other species. Food web Grass Poa alpigena Rabbit Oryctolagus Cuniculus Black tailed deer Odocoileus hemionus Bobcats Lynx Rufus Coyote Canis Latrans Accipiter Gentilis Hawk Red fox Vulpini vulpes Food Chain Primary Producers Shrub and Trees Alopecurus Pratensis Tsuga Heterophylla Secondary consumers rabbits and deers Odocoileus hemionus Oryctolagus Cuniculus Tertiary Consumers Canis Latrans Accipiter Gentilis Niches Animals like rabbits, need shelter to hide from predators, the shrubs acts as a good protection. However, the rabbits also feed off of the low shrubs, but they must not eat all of the shrubs, or else they will lose their natural protection, and be killed by its predators. The predator's population increases as their prey, the rabbit's population increases. The predators prevent the rabbit's population from getting too large, also, its own population drops too if they kill off most of the secondary consumers. The hawk nests on trees, where it could see its preys from a long distance away, it is also crucial in controlling the number of rabbits. However, human logging has affected the habitat of haws, causing their population to decrease resulting in the increase of population for rabbits. Succession Wildfires are periodic in temperate woodlands, this
burns down a lot of plants, and provide nutrients
for the nutrient-poor soils. Some organisms even
evolved to adapt to this periodic disturbance, some
plants have waxy leaves preventing water loss. Some
plants have flammable oild on them, their seeds
germinate when there is a fire. The adapted plants already have roots that go deep underground,
so after the fire burns out, the plants immediately start growing
again, first forming grasses, shrubs, then trees. Rabbits
Grass and shrubs
Tom Cruise
Mountain lions
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