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Why did American Colonists want to free themselves from Great Britain ?

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Omanand Chris Bookay

on 16 October 2012

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Transcript of Why did American Colonists want to free themselves from Great Britain ?

Claim American Colonists wanted to free themselves from Great Britain because the British were exerting too much control over the colonies. Topic Why did American Colonists want to free themselves from Great Britain? Proclamation Act 1763 Forbade the Colonies from settling along the Appalachian Mountains. It was to organize and stabilize a proper relationship with the Native Americans. The act was to protect the Colonies from causing wars with the Native Americans. Stamp Act 1765 Imposed taxes on stamps needed for official documents Declaratory Act 1766 It was a repeal of the Stamp Act of 1765 by the British Parliament, it stated that Parliament's authority was the same in America as in Britain, and asserted Parliament's authority to make laws binding on the American colonies. Townshend Revenue Act 1767 Parliament passed the Townshend Revenue Act which taxed glass, lead, paint, paper and tea. Quartering Act 1765 Required Colonists to provide homes and supplies to the British Troops. Logic The British exerted more control over colonies because they were in a large debt due to the Seven Year War of 1756-1763 against France. The British were under severe pressure so their intent was to tax the colonies more so they won't have to pay much at home. This resulted in resistance of the colonies, which eventually led to statements such as The Declaration of independence, which announced their final steps resistance and separation. Resistance The Colonists didn't react positively to the new policies. They were used to little interference from the British Government. They believed the new regulations challenged their beliefs in representative government. Resistance (Cont.) The colonists believed that:
* Each man had a natural right to life, liberty, and property
* Tax laws should only be passed when they are represented (No taxation without representation!)
*Colonial oppositions were often times publicized by Committees of Correspondence How were the British exerting
too much control? *After their victory in the Seven Years War (aka The French and Indian War), Britain was in debt. That's when their policy towards the colonies changed.
*Britain started imposing new taxes and acts on the colonies in an effort to make them help pay off the debt.
*(Remember: prior to this, the colonies were used to little interference from British Government) How did the Colonists feel? *They felt that the new acts violated their rights as Colonists because they didn't have the consent of the governed. Analogy Imagine that you moved out of your house and started living on your own. Then a few years later, your parents decide to move in with you, and start telling you what to do again. How would you feel? That's how the Colonists felt. They didn't like Britain coming in and trying to take control after they've self ruled for so long. Evidence *Proclamation Act 1763
*Stamp Act 1765
*Declaratory Act 1766
*Quartering Act 1765
*Townshend Revenue Act 1767
*Tea Act 1773 Tea Act 1773 Allowed a monopoly of tea sales to East India Company which forced American Colonist to buy tea from East India Company. The Colonists Britain stamp act Quartering act Townshend Act Evidence (Cont.) The Boston Massacre Grievances against King George mentioned in the Declaration
(a grievance is a statement of complaint)

* 400 colonists surrounded a detachment of British Troops stationed in Boston.

*British Troops fired into the crowd and killed 5 Battle of Lexington and Concord The Boston Massacre What had happened was... Significance, you might ask? *Some say The Boston Massacre was the actual start of the revolution. It drew attention to the issues the colonists had with the British style of rule.(using military rule to force colonists to be obedient)
*It aroused more feelings of the already growing dislike of British Rule.
*It urged colonists to take more steps to revolt. Battle of Lexington and Concord By this time, a lot of radical colonists were preparing for against Great Britain. They believed it was their right to overthrow a government that didn't protect their rights.

The colonists formed a militia of Minutemen that were ready to respond to British attack, and on April 19th, 1775, that's exactly what they did.

On the day The British marched into Concord, Massachusetts, was the day a war broke out between the colonies and Great Britain in the towns of Lexington and Concord.

*The "shot heard around the world" had been fired Declaration of Independence What was the purpose? *The Declaration of Independence announced the final step of resistance from the Colonies.

* It rejected the sovereignty(supreme rule/authority) of The Crown (Great Britain).

*It identified the basic principles of Government.

*It basically listed all the reasons why America wanted to be independent. What were the main ideas? The three main ideas were:
*Natural rights (life, liberty, and estate)
*Human equality
*and Government by consent In the Declaration of Independence, there were a total of 27 grievances against King George. Those statements of complaint stated the reasons that they were unhappy with what was going on, and why they wished to separate from Great Britain. Some of the grievances:
*King is a tyrant(cruel, oppressive ruler)
*King imposed taxes without consent
*King dissolved legislatures
*King deprived the colonists of the right of trial by jury
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