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Why did American Colonists want to free themselves from Great Britain ?
Transcript of Why did American Colonists want to free themselves from Great Britain ?
* Each man had a natural right to life, liberty, and property
* Tax laws should only be passed when they are represented (No taxation without representation!)
*Colonial oppositions were often times publicized by Committees of Correspondence How were the British exerting
too much control? *After their victory in the Seven Years War (aka The French and Indian War), Britain was in debt. That's when their policy towards the colonies changed.
*Britain started imposing new taxes and acts on the colonies in an effort to make them help pay off the debt.
*(Remember: prior to this, the colonies were used to little interference from British Government) How did the Colonists feel? *They felt that the new acts violated their rights as Colonists because they didn't have the consent of the governed. Analogy Imagine that you moved out of your house and started living on your own. Then a few years later, your parents decide to move in with you, and start telling you what to do again. How would you feel? That's how the Colonists felt. They didn't like Britain coming in and trying to take control after they've self ruled for so long. Evidence *Proclamation Act 1763
*Stamp Act 1765
*Declaratory Act 1766
*Quartering Act 1765
*Townshend Revenue Act 1767
*Tea Act 1773 Tea Act 1773 http://www.socialstudiesforkids.com/wwww/us/teaactdef.htm Allowed a monopoly of tea sales to East India Company which forced American Colonist to buy tea from East India Company. The Colonists Britain stamp act Quartering act Townshend Act Evidence (Cont.) The Boston Massacre Grievances against King George mentioned in the Declaration
(a grievance is a statement of complaint)
* 400 colonists surrounded a detachment of British Troops stationed in Boston.
*British Troops fired into the crowd and killed 5 Battle of Lexington and Concord The Boston Massacre What had happened was... Significance, you might ask? *Some say The Boston Massacre was the actual start of the revolution. It drew attention to the issues the colonists had with the British style of rule.(using military rule to force colonists to be obedient)
*It aroused more feelings of the already growing dislike of British Rule.
*It urged colonists to take more steps to revolt. Battle of Lexington and Concord By this time, a lot of radical colonists were preparing for against Great Britain. They believed it was their right to overthrow a government that didn't protect their rights.
The colonists formed a militia of Minutemen that were ready to respond to British attack, and on April 19th, 1775, that's exactly what they did.
On the day The British marched into Concord, Massachusetts, was the day a war broke out between the colonies and Great Britain in the towns of Lexington and Concord.
*The "shot heard around the world" had been fired Declaration of Independence What was the purpose? *The Declaration of Independence announced the final step of resistance from the Colonies.
* It rejected the sovereignty(supreme rule/authority) of The Crown (Great Britain).
*It identified the basic principles of Government.
*It basically listed all the reasons why America wanted to be independent. What were the main ideas? The three main ideas were:
*Natural rights (life, liberty, and estate)
*and Government by consent In the Declaration of Independence, there were a total of 27 grievances against King George. Those statements of complaint stated the reasons that they were unhappy with what was going on, and why they wished to separate from Great Britain. Some of the grievances:
*King is a tyrant(cruel, oppressive ruler)
*King imposed taxes without consent
*King dissolved legislatures
*King deprived the colonists of the right of trial by jury