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Language of Youngblood
Transcript of Language of Youngblood
The Discourse Practice of Young Column Contributors in the Philippines Nicanor L. Guinto
MA English Studies: Language 1st CAL GSO Research Colloquium | February 23, 2013
Faculty Center, College of Arts and Letters, University of the Philippines-Diliman "Ang kabataan ang pag-asa ng bayan." - Dr. Jose Rizal ...youth in the country is normally perceived to have a “traditionally weak position
in society” ( United Nations 2000: 2) "generation lost" "apathetic" ”(Apathy… 2010; Resurreccion 2009) (De Vera 2000) "age group that cannot
be reached" (De Vera 2000) “what is wrong with the nation is what is wrong with the youth” (Lanuza, 2003) "...to be perceived in their own right and within the specificities of their social location” The “voices out there in the wilderness of the young Philippine experience should be taken seriously, that young writing was not automatically congruent to unpolished or hollow writing.” (De Vera, 2006, p. ix) How does the youth use language to assert their presence in their domestic space, as reflected in the collective linguistic features they employ in their column? How are discourse units developed in the columns? What rhetorical pattern is preferred by the contributors in writing their columns? Discourse
Practice Flesch-Kincaid Readability Formula Rhetorical Structure Discourse Development assessess the grade-level of the reader FKRA = (0.39 x ASL) + (11.8 x ASW) - 15.59 Halliday and Hasan's Cohesion - referential
- reiteration lexical cohesion Halliday's System of Transitivity - process types material mental behavioral verbal relational Swales' Genre Analysis Labov and Waletzky's Personal Experience Narrative 1. abstract – summarizes the story to come
2. orientation – introduces characters, temporal setting, and situation
3. complicating action – recapitulates series of events leading to the climax
4. evaluation – states or underscores what is interesting in the story
5. result or resolution – releases the tension and finally tells what happens
6. coda – announces that the story is finished Textbook Framework communicative events communicative purpose discourse
community Move-Step Methodology practice-focused & reflective inquiry Data: 7 columns (Oct. 1-15, 2011) 29 (narrative) columns (June-Dec. 2011) statistical treatment: frequency and percentage,
statistical mode, dense ranking Conclusions The target audience of the contributors are their fellow youth. .1. The high density of the personal pronoun “I” and “me” signifies the recurrence of topics of personal account or interest of the writers, as well as the preference on narratives. Conclusions .2. The frequent use of additive and temporal conjunctive cohesive devices in the articles shows that content was developed by providing additional or supporting information. .3. The density of additive conjunctive cohesive devices in the articles provides credence to the assumption that the preferred purpose in the column is “to inform”. .4. The massive use of verbs expressing material processes in the articles promotes the representation of a physically active group in the columns. The identified rhetorical pattern was found to be closely related to standard western practices which can be attributed to existing influences of Anglo-American literary canons in the academe, but it is a structure they can call their very own. The younger generation
in the Philippines, the
tors, in particular, use
language as a means
of asserting the fact
that they are actually “doing something” worth noticing, expressed in a rhetorical pattern unique to their generation, challenging local popular beliefs. Further Explorations Sampling 1. Time frame: Synchronic/Diachronic 2. Choice 2.1. Topic
2.2. Profile of Writers
2.3. Editorial Policy
2.4. Trends purposive selection exploratory research