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Transcript of Cambodian Genocide
Army Statistics Cambodia
Southeast Asia 1975-1979 The People Involved By Jason, Jillian, and Rachel Cambodian Genocide of the estimated 7,100,000 (1970) Cambodians, nearly 4,000,000 people were lost to war, rebellion, famine, and the actual genocide
of these 4 million, near 2,400,000 were killed at the hands of the Khmer Rouge The Victims Khmer Rouge 2.4 million deaths Non-survivors Survivors Only seven of 14,000 inmates survived Tuol Sleng Prison
an estimated 3 million Cambodians survived Anyone who opposed to Khmer Rouge's ideals was targeted (not a specific race or ethnicity). The Khmer Rouge persecuted the educated — such as doctors, lawyers, and current or former military and police. Christian, Buddhist and Muslim citizens also were specifically targeted. What is genocide? noun
the deliberate and systematic extermination of a national, racial, political, or cultural group. Leader: Pol Pot admired Chinese communism (Mao)
leader of Khmer Rouge Goals breakdown Cambodia into a basic, primitive society, called "Year Zero"
remove any Western innovation A Survivor's Story: Vann Nath former inmate at Tuol Sleng Prison
kept in a room with 50+ other (one or two would die every day)
forced to lie down
could not sit, talk, make noise
thought to be a CIA agent, given electric shock torture
discovered as a famous artist; spared and forced to paint the same large picture of Pol Pot every day
When Pol Pot lost power in 1979, he came back to the prison to paint what he'd really seen.
He painted the torture he had seen, primarily waterboarding. Stage 1: Classification Stage 2: Symbolization Stage 3: Dehumanization Stage 4: Organization Stage 5: Polarization Stage 6: Preparation Stage 7: Extermination Stage 8: Denial
Distinguishes people into ethnic, racial, nationality or religious groups Works Cited http://www.teachgenocide.com/files/LessonPlans/Overhead/Case%20Study%20First%20Modern%20Genocide%2020th%20Century%204th%20Ed-%20Overheads%20-%20Section%204.pdf
http://www.yale.edu/cgp/photographs.html Names or other symbols are given to the classification as a form of labeling Propaganda starts popping up. It transcends the normal reaction to murder.
Plans are made as to how to execute the genocide.
Laws begin to separate the targeted group from all others. Propaganda becomes stronger.
Victims are identified and death lists are conjured.
Victims are separated or confined. Intellectuals (anyone with an education)
Buddhists, Muslims, Christians, ethnic Chinese, Vietnamese, Thai
Cambodians with Chinese, Vietnamese or Thai ancestry.
Cambodians were classified as either "New People" (urban) or "Base People" (rural) Extermination
Present Effects A Single Cell for Prisoners Group Cell
Holds less important Prisoners Ways of Torture Khmer Rouge thought that all Cambodians had to work on large farms, therefore anyone who objected was victimized. political and civil rights of citizen were abolished
children were placed in separate forced labor camps
racist feelings Mass killing occurs. Killers do not think of victims as human. Tuol Sleng Prison used to be a high school
means "Hill of the Poisonous Tree"
1 of 150+ Cambodian execution centers
up to 20,000 people were killed there
only 7 survivors, including Vann Nath
only 3 of those 7 are still alive today, not including Vann Nath Symbols
the "city" was used as a negative symbol
glasses symbolized enemies (scholars who could read)
blue scarves were worn by people of Eastern Cambodia to further separate them (more urban) Used:
the workers vs those who took advantage (exploiters)
the patriotic vs the treasonous
sources of pollution
swatting flies, eliminating pests Rough plans:
1. Evacuation of Cambodia's capital
2. Division by "base" and "new" people ("base" were given better treatment)
3. Separation of families
4. Separation of children & adults
5. Evaluation and documentation of "new" people
6. Documentation of Tuol Sleng Prisoners It is among the surest indicators of further genocidal massacres. "Base" people vs "New" people Khmer Rouge vs the enemy "New" people received smaller rations
Also received more taxing labor 1995-mass graves were uncovered throughout Cambodia.
Bringing the perpetrators to justice, however, was proved to be a difficult task. Therefore there was not much denial. soldiers were employed specifically to further dehumanize the victims Three main methods:
internal ejection International Response End to the Genocide Vietnam invaded Cambodia in 1978 and overthrew the Khmer Rouge government.
After more military conflicts between the new Vietnamese government and Khmer Rouge, the Vietnamese government left Cambodia and a peace treaty was signed in 1991.
The UN demanded a trial for the leaders of the Khmer Rouge in 1994. It began later in 2007.
Pol Pot fled and remained free until 1997. He died a year later. US supported Southern Khmer Republic (which was pro-Western)
After Khmer Rouge had been overthrown, US & England came to the aid of the Khmer Rouge rather than Cambodia which was in ruins Cambodia Today Anyone who was not killed right away was sent to camps 75% of Cambodia's population did not experience the genocide
Great mental disorders in survivors such as depression
Many survivors emigrated to US and other parts of Asia
Cambodia has still not recovered economically from the genocide
Trading with western nations has ceased since 9/11
Not modernized Massive grave sites have been discovered
Victims memorialized in Tuol Sleng genocide museum Pol Pot was inspired by Mao in China
Red Cambodian army as in China
"To keep you is no benefit, to kill you is no lost" Pol Pot
Army known for brutality
Killed people for not evacuating cities