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Run-On Sentence

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by

Lisa Mishriky

on 19 August 2014

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Transcript of Run-On Sentence

Run-On Sentence
1. End Punctuation followed by a Capital Letter
Split up the fused complete thoughts into two complete sentences by adding end punctuation marks (. ! ?) and then beginning the next sentence with a capital letter.

RUN-ON: The dance was in full swing in the gym people crowded together.

CORRECTION: The dance was in full swing in the gym. People crowded together.


2. Commas + Coordinating Conjunctions
Use coordinating conjunctions to join two independent clauses.

Coordinating Conjunctions (FANBOYS): For, And, Nor, But, Or, Yet, So

Independent Clause: a complete thought that can stand alone as a sentence because it has a subject and verb

You must have a comma AND a conjunction together in order to join two independent clauses.
If you forget the coordinating conjunction, that error is called a COMMA SPLICE and is grammatically incorrect.
If you have a coordinating conjunction without a comma before it to join two complete thoughts, that is just plain wrong!

RUN-ON: The dance was in full swing in the gym people crowded together.

CORRECTION: The dance was in full swing, so people crowded together.

3. Semi-colons
Use a semi-colon to join two independent clauses.
When you use a semi-colon, you do not need to capitalize the following letter, nor do you need to add a coordinating conjunction.

RUN-ON: The dance was in full swing in the gym people crowded together.

CORRECTION: The dance was in full swing; people crowded together.

Four Correction Options:
A run-on sentence is two or more sentences capitalized and punctuated as if they were a single sentence.

You should NEVER have run-on sentences in formal, academic writing.

Length does not determine whether or not a sentence is a run-on. Run-on sentences are the result of improper punctuation.

So, you can have a long proper sentence that is correctly punctuated, such as this, or you can have a short sentence that is a run-on because of its lack of punctuation.


4. Re-write it!
Your sentence may need a complete overhaul to clarify meaning or add information.

RUN-ON: The dance was in full swing in the gym people crowded together.

CORRECTION: Because the dance was in full swing, people crowded together.

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