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War in the Pacific

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Matt Digoy

on 8 May 2010

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Transcript of War in the Pacific

The War in the Pacific The Turning Point of the Pacific War Importance of Controlling the Air and Sea The Battle of the Coral Sea The Battle of Midway Why was it important for the armed forces of Japan and the United States to control the air and the sea?


Importance of Controlling the Air and Sea The Battle of the Coral Sea Why was the Battle of the Coral Sea started? Why was the battle crucial to the war? It was the first carrier to carrier combat. It Caused a Positive Chain Reaction for the Allied Forces.

After suffering a string of losses to Japan, this battle turned the tides around for the Americans. The battle would spark a flame which the Americans used to burn up the Japanese forces at Midway. The Battle of Midway Why was the Battle of Midway started? The Japanese were embarrased at the Coral Sea, so General Yamamoto again planned to take another important Allied base, and wipe out the US Navy.

The Japanese could choose at will where they would fight because they had a much bigger fleet. He chose the small army base at Midway hoping to surprise the Americans.

Why was this battle crucial to the war? Coral Sea and Midway Video Link: http://animoto.com/play/pxAuaCuEt27lAi2eDcItbA

1. The Air and the Sea held the power to win the war. Most of the fighting in the Pacific was based on carrier vs. carrier combat. Whoever had the most resources and firepower obviously would win. As a result, a new type of warfare was developed, called carrier vs. carrier warfare. Each opposing side would target the aircraft carriers to try to wipeout its most important weapon, its fighter planes. 2. Many key battles were based on islands and landforms that could only be reached by air or sea. 3. Major passageways for American and Japanese ships were fought over so the waters could be traveled safely.These passageways could be used to establish bases for both armies. 1. The Japanese wanted to protect newly gained lands and exterminate the American Navy. After their surprise Pearl Harbor attack, Japan was looking to take more control in the Pacific. Having amassed a string of victories against the Allies, which included Guam, Wake Island, and the Philippines.

The Japs wanted to exterminate the last Allied base in the Pacific between Japan and Australia so they could protect newly gained lands.

To accomplish this, they would need to take control of New Guinea and occupy the Solomon Islands.

2. The Japanese wanted to exterminate the US Navy. Japanese admiral Isoroku Yamamoto realized that this was an opportunity to wipe out the rest of the US Navy.

The US was still recovering from Pearl Harbor.

So as the Japanese moved on toward Australia, the US moved to defend the base. How did the US win the battle? 1. They took out 2 of the Japanese's most important aircraft carriers. The battle started on May 4, 1942.

Since no side could see each other this battle provoked a new kind of warfare called carrier vs. carrier fighting.

This continued on for a few days until May 8. That was the day both armies saw each other. Both sides sent air strikes toward each other in hope of destroying aircraft carriers.

In the end, the Japanese and Yamamoto were forced to retreat and give up the quest for the Allied base.

The casualties for the Allied forces would tally up to 543 deaths. The Navy lost the aircraft carrier USS Lexington and two other minor ships.

The Japanese would lose 1, 074 men and two vital aircraft carriers, the Shoho and the Shokaku. 1. To gain the upper hand in the sea by exterminating the US Navy. 2. The Americans would figure out a way to win. The Americans intercepted the Japanese messages, and decoded them and built up their defenses. Admiral Chester Nimitz would set up the defenses.

The Japanese ships still outnumbered the American ships 162 to 76.

On June 3, 1942 the Japanese came over with its first and very successful air strike.

As the Japs prepared for a second air strike, they were caught off guard as the Americans were advancing toward the Japanese and Midway.

At the end of the battle, the Americans had managed to destroy 4 Japanese aircraft carriers.

The Japanese were forced to retreat as they had lost 4 vital aircraft carriers to the Allies. This battle drastically depleted the Japanese air fleet and left a gaping hole in their Navy.

The Japanese were left without the fighters necessary to fight the Americans. This marked a turning point in the war.

The Americans and Japanese were now equal in military status, as both sides had now equal numbers in carriers and planes.
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