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Garden City - Urban Design

Environmental Psych Course Project

Katharine Jaruzelski

on 25 April 2013

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Transcript of Garden City - Urban Design

City Group E Katharine Jaruzelski
Claire Milton
Greg Lubin
Harold Cha Outside the City Public Transportation Buildings Layout Walking and Biking Strong Points Weak Points Overcoming Weak Points Psychological Barriers Overcoming Barriers Goal: Humans would have very little contact with forest areas outside of the city
Cities will be spaced far apart to decrease sprawl and encourage biodiversity The city can grow most of its own food
Increase in Biodiversity
Increase in Green Space
Decrease in peak resources
Walkable neighborhoods
Public transportation
Efficient buildings Long distance traveling
Land usage
Have to import some food (depending on the region) Goal: Create as much green space as possible while decreasing urban sprawl.
Sir Ebenezer Howard's concept of a circular Garden City.
First create these communities/cross sections of the circle in run down areas Goal: Eliminate single-occupancy vehicle use

Bus lanes on all roads
Bus routes will cover all parts of city
Radio system for stoplights
Taking bus will be much faster than driving City will be very walkable since it will be dense
Green space makes walking more enjoyable and rejuvenating
Bike lanes on every road
Make bike lanes safer by putting them behind barriers on roads Materials
Non- poisonous materials
Re-use Design
Surveliability Space
Upward building Opposition to Development
Universal Impact
Corporate Support
Economic Stimulation
Taxes/Subsidies Cars Goal: phase out car use
People with cars will be encouraged to park them on the outskirts of the city and only use them for intercity travel
Repurpose parking lots/garages
Perhaps offer car-sharing service like WeCar Overcoming Barriers Crowding
Shotgun Design
Focus on Privacy
Limit Sensory Inputs
Quiet Hours Transportation
Limited and Balanced Stations Overcoming Barriers Educating the Public
Explain Change in Optimal Decisions
Economic Incentives
Bandwagon Groupthink Land Usage
Crop Rotation
Biodiversity Psychological Barriers Density vs. Crowding
Crowding can lead to aggression, decline in altruism, lack of privacy
Possible to increase density without increasing crowding Any
Questions? Air Conditioning/Climate Control Convenience People don't want to leave home
Place attachment
Don't want to give up comforts/conveniences
Stigma associated with run-down neighborhoods that we plan to refurbish first
Fear of crime (but increase in surveillability will mitigate it) How will we get people to move in? Living in our City Psychological Barriers Early Implementation Stage Cost
Contingency trap
Transition phase
Refurbished areas seem undesirable by comparison
Ex: roads and transportation What happened to the Garden City Movement?
Sir Howard's attempt at making one
Letchworth and Welwyn "Garden Cities"
Both cities have ample green space, but not as environmentally friendly as our design Food Import
Concentration/Distribution Transition Phase
Progression of Renovation
Slow Integration
Target Specific Groups
Typical Commuters
College Graduates Overcoming Barriers
Full transcript