Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

The Making of the English Language

No description
by

Viviane Gerardu

on 11 August 2014

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of The Making of the English Language

The Making of the English Language
Some facts about English
Did you know?
Global English
Internet English
American English
The Age
of the
Dictionary
English
&
Empire
The English
of
Science
The King James Bible
Shakespeare
The Norman Conquest
English is the most widely spoken language in the world.
English is the official language in 54 countries and 27 non-sovereign entities.
It is the 3rd most common native language in the world, after Mandarin Chinese and Spanish.
English is the international language of communications, science, IT, business, seafaring, aviation, entertainment, radio and diplomacy.
India has over 350 000 000 users
of English
The most common letter in English is "e",
The most common consonant is "r".
More English words begin with the letter "s" than any other letter.
This sentence contains all the letters of
the alphabet:
"The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog."
The word "alphabet" comes from the 1st two letters of the Greek alphabet: "alpha" + "beta"
The longest word in English without a true vowel is "rhythym".
The longest word in English is: "pneumonoultramicroscopicsilicovolcanokoniosis"
"goddessship" is the only word in English with a triple letter.
'Dreamt' is the only English word that ends in the letters 'mt'
55 CE
1066 AD
1564 - 1616 AD
1611 AD
17th Century
1583 - 1914 AD
1755 AD
1607 - 2013 AD
1972 - 2013 AD
21st Century
The Romans
Delecto, tyrannus, amicus,
mater, diax, pax, nihil, quo,
uxor, pro,fenestra, sub
450 AD
house
woman
loaf
wolf
Days of the Week
Tuesday = Tywa
Wednesday = Wodin
Thursday = Thunor
Friday = Freya
597 AD
martyr
bishop
font
Vikings
800 AD
Christian Missionaries
Anglo Saxons
Romans
drag, ransack, thrust,
die, give, take, they,
them, their
3rd person singular -s
He walk
s
She talk
s
to be verb
I
am
You
are
S/he
is
Vocabulary
Sk-
sounds:
sk
irt
sk
y
sk
in
sk
ill
Old Norse
Old English
egg
ey
sister
sweoster
reike
path
site
sorrow
vs.
raise
rise
sick
ill
Latin
Old English
Modern English
missa
scola
crucem
grammatica
mechanicus
moesse
scol
cruc
grammatic
mechanisc
mass
school
cross
grammar
mechanical
Grammar
1066 AD
cuncil
parlement
souveran
clerc
council
parliament
sovereign
clerk
Military
army, battle, captain, combat,
defend, enemy, navy, seige,
soldier, spy
Fashion
apparel, boots, button,
diamond, dress, fur,
jewel, pearl,
robe, veil
The Home
ceiling, chair, couch,
curtain, lamp, parlour,
pillar, towel
Nouns & verbs
I hope this helps to clarify things a bit.I hope this helps to clarify things a bit.I hope this helps to clarify things a bit.
Food
French
English
beef
cow
mutton
sheep
pork
swine
+/- 10 000
words
+/- 2 000
words
Intermarriage
King John of England
King Philip of France
William the Conqueror
12th Century
vs.
100 Years War
The Rise of English
Middle English Spelling
writing mistakes
different dialects & spelling
maht mahte mihhte mayht mihte micht mist michtis mithe micthe myht mythe
qu
for
cw
gh
for
h
ch
for
c
ou
for
u
c
before
e
instead of
s
Norman influence:
qu
een =
cw
en
ni
gh
t & enou
gh
ch
ur
ch
h
ou
se
c
ircle &
c
ell
u? v? n? m?
U
=
O
: c
o
me, l
o
ve,
o
ne, s
o
n
1564 - 1616 AD
Introduced almost 3 000 new words:
Eat our flesh and blood...
...out of house and home
Good riddance to the green-eyed monster
Breaking the ice
Dead as a doornail
Get your money's worth
...puppy dog, lonely, gust, gloomy,
hobnob, dawn, critic, amazement,
obscene, hint, mimic, rant, submerge
radiance, grovel, flawed, drugged,
addiction, bet, bump, worthless, zany...
labour of love
wisdom of Solomon
go the extra mile
heart's desire
fight the good fight
from strength to strength
get to the root of the matter
the salt of the earth
the writing's on the wall
fire and brimstone
took root
to the ends of the earth
a leopard can't change its spots
a wolf in sheep's clothing
Examples of 'borrowed' words
17th Century
acid (1626)
gravity (1641)
electricity
(1646)
pendulum
(1660)
cardiac, tonsil, ovary, sternum, penis, vagina, chloroform, argon, gastritus, biology, watt, triassic, laryngitis, chlorophyll, centigrade, electron, ethnology, cretaceous, altimeter, joule...
The sun never sets on the English language
1583-1914 AD
Elizabeth I (1603)
Elizabeth II (1952)
5 - 7 million
250 million
Caribbean
barbecue (1650)
canoe (1550)
cannibal (1550)
India
yoga (1820)
cummerbund (1610)
crimson (1500)
Africa
voodoo (1850)
zombie (1871)
Australia
nugget (1852)
boomerang (1827)
walkabout (1828)
British Empire:
26 000 000km
2
400 000 000 people
Johnson's Dictionary
1746 - 1755
45cm
42 773
words
moose
raccoon
Dutch
coleslaw
cookies
Germans
pretzels
delicatessen
Italians
pizza
pasta
mafia
breakeven (1914)
bottomline (1967)
blue chip (1921)
white collar (1865)
merger (1926)
downsizing (1986)
Capitalism
City Life
freeway (1930)
subway (1893)
parking lots (1924)
Old English words
English
Fall
Autumn
faucet
tap
diaper
nappy
candy
sweets
1972
email
e
lectronic

+
mail

internet
1991
messaging
inbox
spam
host
Blah blah
blah blah
blah...
Blah blah blah
blah blah blah
blah blah...
download
toolbar
firewall
...in my humble opinion...
...by the way...
...for your information...
frequently asked questions
...laughing out loud... ...love you lots...
imho
fyi
btw
faq
lol
1998
2004
1982
hard drive
1973
Questions for discussion.
- what is language? List the different
types of language.
- what does language do?
- how do we learn it?
- how and why does language change?
- what do we do with language?

What is language?
Spoken languages are made up of sounds put together in agreed way and which change over time.
Most languages have a written form, based on an alphabet.
The English language is the most used language in the world. Many of its 1,000,000 words are adapted from other languages. English has 44 sounds that are represented by the 26 letters of the Roman alphabet. The 26 letters are combined 196 ways to represent the 44 sounds of English.
Languages that are currently spoken are called modern languages. Today, over 380 million people speak modern English.
Languages are living things so they change over time. For example over a period of hundreds of years, English has absorbed words from other languages.
How has the English language evolved over time?
Evolution of the English Language
The printing press invented in 1440 saw English develop rapidly. More and more books were printed. Spelling and pronunciation became more standardised. More people learned to read and they wanted to know the meanings of words.
1611 AD
Latin and Greek Words
Many of the languages we speak have their roots in Latin and Greek words. They are the building blocks of the English language.
Many of our English words are formed by taking Greek or
Latin root words and adding prefixes or suffixes to them.
What are root words?
* A root or root word is the very basic part of a word from which other words grow.
* Most roots have either Greek or Latin origins.
* When standing alone, a root is still considered a word.
* Word families consist of words that share the same root.
What are prefixes and suffixes?

* Prefixes are letters added to the beginning of a word, while suffixes are added to the end of a word to change the meaning of the word.
* When standing along, prefixes and suffixes are not considered words.

Australian English
There are many varieties of languages spoken in Australia.
- at least 80 Aboriginal languages
- more than 200 other languages
- Ausian is the language of the deaf

Many migrant communities speak forms of English that have been affected by their own languages.
Many Australians use slang and teenagers have their own words and phrases.
Different generations of Australians use different words and phrases.

Discussion Questions
1. Australians speak and accept many different varieties of English. What do you think this says about us a country?
2. Why don't we all use English in the same way?
3. Write down and explain five examples of
- teenage slang
- 'older' people phrases
- Aboriginal words
- sport phrases/terms
- city words/term
- country words/terms

Aboriginal English

barramundi
dingo
walkabout
boomerang
billabong
bunyip
cooee


http://splash.abc.net.au/media/-/m/519747/preserving-aboriginal-languages
Old Norse
Ages of English Timeline

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/interactive/timelines/language_timeline/

Full transcript