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The Making of the English Language
Transcript of The Making of the English Language
Some facts about English
Did you know?
The King James Bible
The Norman Conquest
English is the most widely spoken language in the world.
English is the official language in 54 countries and 27 non-sovereign entities.
It is the 3rd most common native language in the world, after Mandarin Chinese and Spanish.
English is the international language of communications, science, IT, business, seafaring, aviation, entertainment, radio and diplomacy.
India has over 350 000 000 users
The most common letter in English is "e",
The most common consonant is "r".
More English words begin with the letter "s" than any other letter.
This sentence contains all the letters of
"The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog."
The word "alphabet" comes from the 1st two letters of the Greek alphabet: "alpha" + "beta"
The longest word in English without a true vowel is "rhythym".
The longest word in English is: "pneumonoultramicroscopicsilicovolcanokoniosis"
"goddessship" is the only word in English with a triple letter.
'Dreamt' is the only English word that ends in the letters 'mt'
1564 - 1616 AD
1583 - 1914 AD
1607 - 2013 AD
1972 - 2013 AD
Delecto, tyrannus, amicus,
mater, diax, pax, nihil, quo,
uxor, pro,fenestra, sub
Days of the Week
Tuesday = Tywa
Wednesday = Wodin
Thursday = Thunor
Friday = Freya
drag, ransack, thrust,
die, give, take, they,
3rd person singular -s
to be verb
army, battle, captain, combat,
defend, enemy, navy, seige,
apparel, boots, button,
diamond, dress, fur,
ceiling, chair, couch,
curtain, lamp, parlour,
Nouns & verbs
I hope this helps to clarify things a bit.I hope this helps to clarify things a bit.I hope this helps to clarify things a bit.
+/- 10 000
+/- 2 000
King John of England
King Philip of France
William the Conqueror
100 Years War
The Rise of English
Middle English Spelling
different dialects & spelling
maht mahte mihhte mayht mihte micht mist michtis mithe micthe myht mythe
t & enou
u? v? n? m?
1564 - 1616 AD
Introduced almost 3 000 new words:
Eat our flesh and blood...
...out of house and home
Good riddance to the green-eyed monster
Breaking the ice
Dead as a doornail
Get your money's worth
...puppy dog, lonely, gust, gloomy,
hobnob, dawn, critic, amazement,
obscene, hint, mimic, rant, submerge
radiance, grovel, flawed, drugged,
addiction, bet, bump, worthless, zany...
labour of love
wisdom of Solomon
go the extra mile
fight the good fight
from strength to strength
get to the root of the matter
the salt of the earth
the writing's on the wall
fire and brimstone
to the ends of the earth
a leopard can't change its spots
a wolf in sheep's clothing
Examples of 'borrowed' words
cardiac, tonsil, ovary, sternum, penis, vagina, chloroform, argon, gastritus, biology, watt, triassic, laryngitis, chlorophyll, centigrade, electron, ethnology, cretaceous, altimeter, joule...
The sun never sets on the English language
Elizabeth I (1603)
Elizabeth II (1952)
5 - 7 million
26 000 000km
400 000 000 people
1746 - 1755
blue chip (1921)
white collar (1865)
parking lots (1924)
Old English words
Blah blah blah
blah blah blah
...in my humble opinion...
...by the way...
...for your information...
frequently asked questions
...laughing out loud... ...love you lots...
Questions for discussion.
- what is language? List the different
types of language.
- what does language do?
- how do we learn it?
- how and why does language change?
- what do we do with language?
What is language?
Spoken languages are made up of sounds put together in agreed way and which change over time.
Most languages have a written form, based on an alphabet.
The English language is the most used language in the world. Many of its 1,000,000 words are adapted from other languages. English has 44 sounds that are represented by the 26 letters of the Roman alphabet. The 26 letters are combined 196 ways to represent the 44 sounds of English.
Languages that are currently spoken are called modern languages. Today, over 380 million people speak modern English.
Languages are living things so they change over time. For example over a period of hundreds of years, English has absorbed words from other languages.
How has the English language evolved over time?
Evolution of the English Language
The printing press invented in 1440 saw English develop rapidly. More and more books were printed. Spelling and pronunciation became more standardised. More people learned to read and they wanted to know the meanings of words.
Latin and Greek Words
Many of the languages we speak have their roots in Latin and Greek words. They are the building blocks of the English language.
Many of our English words are formed by taking Greek or
Latin root words and adding prefixes or suffixes to them.
What are root words?
* A root or root word is the very basic part of a word from which other words grow.
* Most roots have either Greek or Latin origins.
* When standing alone, a root is still considered a word.
* Word families consist of words that share the same root.
What are prefixes and suffixes?
* Prefixes are letters added to the beginning of a word, while suffixes are added to the end of a word to change the meaning of the word.
* When standing along, prefixes and suffixes are not considered words.
There are many varieties of languages spoken in Australia.
- at least 80 Aboriginal languages
- more than 200 other languages
- Ausian is the language of the deaf
Many migrant communities speak forms of English that have been affected by their own languages.
Many Australians use slang and teenagers have their own words and phrases.
Different generations of Australians use different words and phrases.
1. Australians speak and accept many different varieties of English. What do you think this says about us a country?
2. Why don't we all use English in the same way?
3. Write down and explain five examples of
- teenage slang
- 'older' people phrases
- Aboriginal words
- sport phrases/terms
- city words/term
- country words/terms
Ages of English Timeline