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Julie Kallini

on 15 May 2015

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Transcript of Asia

http://www.crystalinks.com/sumerart.html, http://exopermaculture.files.wordpress.com/2014/06/89872-004-87255e0a.gif, http://www.princeton.edu/~achaney/tmve/wiki100k/docs/Persian_Empire.html, https://claudiacoco.files.wordpress.com/2011/02/cuniform-writing.jpg, https://claudiacoco.files.wordpress.com/2011/02/cuniform-writing.jpg. http://empiresandgenerals.blogspot.com/2013/02/finishing-up-achaemenid-persian-empire.html, http://schools-wikipedia.org/images/2749/274979.png. http://persianemp.weebly.com/uploads/1/6/6/2/16624814/7871418_orig.jpg. http://foundtheworld.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/04/Mosque-of-Cordoba-3.jpg. http://fc03.deviantart.net/fs70/i/2014/018/f/f/umayyad_khilafah_by_notoriousgsc-d6jpv0k.png. http://api.ning.com/files/Fd0Hyt-VB-ndbk3QALK0L6MOa-diPSktwQRvvHGUUNm*mT1L29lPgzNVdgMI5hwBvaW33XfNsyyRqIViNSv5hSGtUWwI2Ae2/khanakabapics.jpg, http://static.squarespace.com/static/52ef14dfe4b01409c7420577/t/52f08cfae4b0706b2aa095f0/1391496542747/arabic-calligraphy-manuscript-paper-6816398.jpg, http://www.crystalinks.com/ziggurat_ur.jpg
Works Cited
I don't think it matters
Japan, Korea, Vietnam
Middle East
Amelia Campos, Romina Deville, Julie Kallini, Kate Larson, Emily Perez

Period I: 10,000 BCE - 600 BCE
Period II: 600 BCE - 600 CE
Period III: 600 CE - 600 BCE
Tigris-Euphrates Civilization
Located in Mesopotamia
Present-day Iraq and Iran to Turkey
Developed from scratch
Coordinated irrigation, pottery, and metallurgy
Invaded and set up civilization in Mesopotamia in 3500 BCE
City-States with divine king, defined boundaries, and trained army
Kings, nobles, priesthood, and slaves
- writing using wedge shaped stylus and clay tablets
Statues and frescoes in temples
Priests held rituals in ziggurats
Believed in powerful gods and saw divine force in nature
Persian Empires
Period 1:
10,000 BCE to 600 BCE
Indus River Valley Civilization
Period 2:
600 BCE-600 CE
Maurya Empire
Chandragupta Maurya seized power along the Ganges River in 322 BCE & became first ruler of Mauryan dynasty
Chandragupta & successors maintained large armies & developed a substantial bureaucracy
Ashoka was his successor; he was heavily influenced by Brahman religion & Buddhism; extended empire to southern tip of India through fierce fighting
Buddhism was vigorously propagated in Mauryan Empire while also honoring Hinduism
Extensive road network for trade & communication
Invaded by Kushans & empire fell after Ashoka; Kushans collapsed by 220 CE which led to 100 years of instability
Harappan writing
yet to be deciphered
Located along the Indus River, inside of present-day northwest India & Pakistan
Emerged by 2500 BCE
Contacts with Mesopotamia
The cities of Harappa & Mohenjo Daro were crucial
Distinctive alphabet & art forms
Indo-Europeans and natural calamities led to fall, and never was reinvented
Gupta Empire
Established beginning in 320 CE; new line of kings were the Guptas, who had great influence
Greatest period of political stability for classical India
Administered a humble, minuscule territory compared to that of the Mauryan Empire
Overturned in 535 CE from an invasion by the Huns
Achaemenid Empire
Three Persian Empires:
Achaemenid Empire

(550 - 330 BCE)
Parthian Empire

(247 BCE - 224 CE)
Sassanid Empire

(224-651 CE)
Established by Cyrus the Great in 550 BCE
Stretched across northern Middle East to northwestern India
Advanced iron technology
Tolerant of customs of conquered peoples
Developed Zoroastrianism
Later Parthian and Sassanid Empires bridged Mediterranean and East, transferring culture and goods between Rome/Byzantium and India/China
Sassanids overthrown by Arabs in 7th century CE
aura of Buddhism and Jainism can be seen
Period 3:

600 CE to 1450 CE
Sassanid Empire
Islam and the
Muslim Caliphates
Islam founded by Muhammad in Mecca in the Arabian Peninsula (Present-day Saudi Arabia)
Caravan trader from nomadic pastoralist group called bedouins
Influenced by Judaism, Christianity, and feuds between bedouin clans
Gained large following
Experienced persecution from Umayyad clan of Mecca; fled to city of Medina
Returned, destroyed idols in Ka'ba, won over most of the Umayyad clan to Islam

Information: AP Edition: World Civilizations- The Global Experience
https://sites.google.com/site/rodriguez207/Home/600-1450, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_India
Pictures: https://www.boundless.com/world-history/textbooks/boundless-world-history-i-ancient-1600-textbook/civilization-and-empires-in-the-indian-subcontinent-4/the-indus-river-valley-civilizations-c-2600-1900-bce-23/cities-of-the-indus-valley-civilization-101-13202/,http://www.frontline.in/static/html/fl1720/17200041.htm,http://www.timemaps.com/civilizationthemauryanempire,http://www.indianetzone.com/5/maurya_dynasty.htm,http://earlyworldhistory.blogspot.com/2012/03/gupta-empire.html,http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/North_India

Changes and
Fundamentals of
- recitations of Muhammad's revelations; Muslim holy book
Taught that Judaism and Christianity were true, but Muhammad's revelations were a refinement
Strict monotheism, highly developed legal codes, egalitarianism, and sense of community
unity provided by umma, or community of believers
Five Pillars of Islam
MAIN IDEA: Russia's earliest inhabitants were nomadic pastoralists who dominated its southern steppes.
10,000 BCE - 600 BCE
1) Confession: "There is no God but Allah, and Muhammad is his profit."
2) Pray 5 times a day facing Mecca
3) Fast during month of Ramadan
4) Pay zakat, a tax for charity
5) Hajj, or pilgrimage to holy city of Mecca
Umayyad Caliphate
After Muhammad's death in 632, disputes troubled Arabia because he hadn't chosen a successor
One of Muhammad's earliest followers and closest friends, Abu Bakr, chosen to be caliph (some wanted Ali, Muhammad's cousin, to be caliph, leading to problems)
Arab military commanders, mostly Umayyads, expanded and regained bedouin tribes to Islam and reached into Byzantine and Persian empires
Conquests intended to gain booty more than converts
- Remnants of old nomadic life that were discovered in Russia bear the earliest known traces of mounted warfare

600 BCE - 600 CE
MAIN IDEA: The Russian empire had not developed yet, remaining predominately nomadic until outside intrusion.
3rd & 4th centuries: A Gothic kingdom, Oium, existed in southern Russia until it was overtaken by the Huns
600 CE - 1450 CE
MAIN IDEA: Russia focuses on expansion and the unifying and establishment of Russian culture, while still struggling to maintain control.
7th Century:
- Scandanavian traders began to move through Slavic lands and rivers of western Russia (Dnieper); set up gov. in the city of Kiev
- Russia known for trading furs and timber
- East Slavs made up the bulk of the population in western Russia

9th Century:
- 855: Rurik (native of Denmark) was elected ruler of Novgorod; his principality flourished until about the 12th century
- 882: Rurik's successor Oleg ventured south, conquered Kiev, which had been under Khazar rule = the establishment of Kievan Rus'
- Oleg, Rurik's son Igor, and Igor's son Sviatoslav put all local East Slavic tribes under Kievan rule, destroyed the Khanganate, and launched military expeditions to Byzantium and Persia
11th/12th Century:
- Kievan Rus' became one of the largest, most prosperous states
- Vladimir the Great (980-1015) & his son Yaroslav the Wise (1019-1065) constituted the Golden Age of Kiev
- Constant attacks by the nomadic Turkic tribes caused a massive migration of Slavic populations to safer, heavily forested regions of the north
- Russian peasants were fairly free farmers, although an aristocracy with boyars (aristocrats) formed

CHANGE: Russia was dominated by the Mongols, changing their still-growing culture to favor that of the Mongols, which detracted from their cultural identity greatly and shaped the future nation.
CONTINUITY: A key theme for Russia (especially Period 3) was expansion.
Period 1
Encompasses the Paleolithic, Jeulmun, Mumun, and part of the Gojoseon period.
Transition from hunting/gathering to agriculture
Stone tools, metallurgy, and pottery
Paleolithic age
Hunter gatherers/fishers
Stone tools
There were three periods: Lower, Middle, and Upper Paleolithic ages.
Each is defined by more advanced tools.
The Upper Paleolithic age saw the creation of the blade.
*The Neolithic age is split into two eras
Jeulman Period
The oldest pottery in Korea dates back to this age.
Comb patterns define the style of this era.
Rice and millet was introduced in this period.
Bronze age culture developed towards the end.
Mumun Period
This period marks the beginnings of complex societies in Korea.
The people moved away from hunter gatherer lifestyles to settled ones. (Long Houses)
Iron technology is introduced.
With bronze/iron weapons conflict increases which might have made forming groups necessary
Political center at Damascus
Mawali, or non-Arab converts to Islam, subject to more taxes
Declined when caliphs became addicted to luxury
Abbasid party challenged Umayyad armies and defeated them in the Battle of the
River Zab
661-750 CE
Sunni-Shi'a Split
Began with murder of third caliph, Uthman, by mutinous warriors
Ali's followers saw this as a chance for him to become caliph, but Umayyads rejected his claims because he did not punish the assassins
Led to many battles between Ali's followers and Umayyads
Ali almost defeated Umayyad forces at Battle of Siffin, but was won over by plea of mediation (which ruined his reputation among his followers)
Ali and his two sons assassinated, and problems over succession continued
- followers of the Umayyads; believed that successors should be those capable of job
- followers of Ali and believed he should have been the first caliph
Abbasid Caliphate
750-1258 CE
Moved capital to Baghdad, rich city that would be the center of Arab culture for 500 years
Started Bureaucratization of Islamic Empire; wazirs, or chief administrators of caliph's inner councils, gained power.
Collected revenue from subject peoples.
Gained popularity over Umayyads by being more tolerant of mawali and Shi'a
Converts exempt from head tax and had greater career opportunities
Great commercial and agrarian expansion
Merchant and landlord class grew.
Dhows carried goods for trade.
Handicraft production increased
Islamic learning flourished
Influenced by Hellenistic, Persian, Indian, Egyptian, and Mesopotamian civilizations.
Recovered Greek learning.
Persian literature flourished.
10,000 B.C.E. -
600 B.C.E.
began around 4000 B.C.E. around the Huanghe, or Yellow River
most isolated of all the river valley civilizations
divine kings
myths about earliest kings
organized state
innovations and technology:
irrigation and dike systems
rode horses
bronze and iron
ideographic writing
began with knotted ropes, advanced to scratches on bones
mud houses
wheat and millet cultivation
silk manufacturing

Shang dynasty began 1500 B.C.E.
tombs and palaces built
writing system more widely used
 fell as a result of invasions by nomads
decline of Shang society was less devastating than that of other river valley societies
Zhou dynasty began in 1029 B.C.E.
The First Dynasties of China
Period I
Vladimir I:
- converted Russia to Christianity, eager to avoid the papal influence that came with Roman Catholicism

- issued legal codification
- built many churches
- arranged the translation of religious literature from Greek to Slavic
- arranged over 30 marriages with central European royalty
- his main focus was Byzantium (promoted their styles, used them as a basis for their first law code)
first and longest lived classical society of China
stayed mostly isolated from other civilizations
Zhou contributions:
took over the Yangtze River Valley
Middle Kingdom—area from the Yangtze River to the Huanghe River
cultivated wheat in the north and rice in the south
Mandate of Heaven, the idea that kings were given divine power
banned old religious practices that were seen as primitive
made Mandarin Chinese the standard spoken language
developed common currency
philosophies such as Confucianism and Daoism
art – calligraphy, painting, pottery
downfall in 258 B.C.E.
402-201 B.C.E. – Era of the Warring States
failing of political structure – weak central government
feudal system – powerful landlords
nomadic invasions

Zhou Dynasty
founded by Shi Huangdi in 221 B.C.E.
name means “First Emperor”
ruled brutally
attacks on nobles and intellectuals
attacked aristocratic power to help centralize
elected non-aristocratic officials
established tax system
made a law code for all classes to follow
expanded further south
built the Great Wall to protect from invasions
standardized coinage, weights, and measurements
unified written language
promotion of manufacturing – silk
revolts after Huangdi’s death in 210 B.C.E., which resulted in the formation of a new dynasty
high taxes to support militia and the Great Wall
attacks on intellectual life

Qin Dynasty
Han Dynasty
Literature: chronicles with a mix of religious & royal events; praised the saints and power of God
Philosophy/Science: no distinct forms emerged during this period
Art: religious iconography, painting and illuminating religious manuscripts
Architecture: churches built in the shape of a cross, domes were a specialty
Music/Other: religious based; street performances, music, and some theatre
Period III
established by Wendi, who regained for his empire areas of southern China
Wendi’s son, Yangdi:
further expanded boundaries
created milder law code
brought back civil service tests
built the Grand Canal to connect the North China Plain to the Yangtze River basin
Yangdi was assassinated in 618, and the dynasty was ended, as a result of:
his obsession for luxury
a failed attempt to gain control of Korea
revolts by overworked laborers
•Sui Dynasty
581 C.E. - 618 C.E.
- Asian invaders whittled down the population
- The decline of Byzantium reduced trade, diminished Russian economy
- Kievan princes argued over succession to the throne

The Beginning of the Kievan Decline
begun by Li Yuan, a previous official of Yangdi
expanded past China’s present day borders
civil service tests improved and bureaucracy grew in size and importance
based on Confucian learning
revival of Confucianism (neo-Confucianism); not welcoming of other philosophies such as Mahayana Buddhism
declined when nomads took advantage of regional divisions
Silk Roads reopened
exported manufactured goods such as porcelain, silk, and paper
 increased overseas trade – used ships called junks
 paper money – credit vouchers
 banks
 still focused on and expanded agriculture

Tang Dynasty
618 C.E. - 907 C.E.
Song Dynasty –
960 C.E. - 1279 C.E.

*The age of feudalism and decentralization was marked by constant fighting between members of the Rurik Dynasty that ruled Kievan Rus' collectively -- Kievan dominance waned
begun by Emperor Taizu
constantly threatened by smaller kingdoms such as Xi Xia and the Liao dynasty and had to pay them tribute to prevent being invaded
innovations and art:
movable type
landscape paintings
Southern Song dynasty created in 1127 after the Jin kingdom took northern Song lands
taken over by Mongols in 1279
Mongol empire ruled by Kubilai Khan
Mongols were at the top of society and ethnic Chinese people were at the bottom
scholars became less important but merchants and artisans were successful

Yuan Dynasty
1279 C.E. - 1368 C.E.
13th Century:
- 1200: Russia was weak and disunited (decline)
- Kievan Rus' dissolved with the final blow of the two Mongol invasions from 1237-1238 and 1240-1241 -- death of about 1/2 the population
- Most powerful successor state to Kievan Rus' was the Grand Duchy of Moscow
- Under Mongol-Tatar rule, Moscow began to assert its influence in the Central Rus' (early 14th cent)
- Hard times: frequent Mongol-Tartar raids, agriculture suffering -- beginning of the Little Ice Age
- In the rest of Europe, plague was frequent

Period II
600 B.C.E. - 600 C.E.
utilized the centralized government the Qin dynasty had developed
expanded to Korea, Indochina, and central Asia
led to contact with India and the Parthian Empire
Confucianism was revived, and Confucius was worshipped as a god
improved bureaucracy
began civil service examinations, with some lower-class people participating
improved roads / encouraged Silk Road trade
weakening central control
invasions by the Huns
chaos from 220 C.E. – 589 C.E., known as the Era of Division or period of Six Dynasties

- the invading Mongol elite and their conquered Turkic subjects became known as the Tatars
- formed the state of the Golden Horde, which attacked Russian principalities
- the Mongols ruled modern-day southern and central expanses of Russia for over two centuries
- Mongols dominated the Suzdal and Novgorod Republics, establishing the basis for the modern Russian nation
- Tatars required tribute pay from the Russians
- Mongol influence began on the growing Russian
The Mongols in Russia
1029 B.C.E. - 258 B.C.E.
Song dynasty versus Southern Song dynasty
Emperor Taizu, previously known as Zhao Kuangyin
600 C.E. - 1450 C.E.
the Great Wall of China built by Shi Huangdi
Emperor Shi Huangdi
221 B.C.E. - 210 B.C.E.
202 B.C.E.–- 220 C.E.
Chinese River Valley Civilization
*Note that only part of this time period fits within Period 1
New religious trends such as ulama (conservative believers) and Sufis (mystics)
Islam spread to South and Southeast Asia
Women secluded with harem and veil
Political decline began as caliphs became obsessed with luxury, such as Harun al-Rashid
Harun al-Rashid became dependent on Persian advisors; after his death, civil wars broke out for succession in which personal armies fought
Mostly Turkic-speaking nomads, who would gain power and turn caliph into a figurehead.
Splinter dynasties and nomadic invaders took control and ruled in the name of caliphs
Buyid sultanate.
Seljuk Turks.
Caliphate ended with Mongol invasions and the destruction of Baghdad in 1258
This is the oldest kingdom of Korea.
Founded by Dangun
The true origin is hidden in various myths
It fuctioned as an "incubator" for the Baekje and Gorguryo kingdoms.
This time period is when burial rituals become more elaborate
Gojosen Kingdom
Period 1
Encompasses the Paleolithic and Jomon ages
Hunter gatherer society
Stone tools, pottery, and metallurgy were common.
Tools were made of stone, bone, and wood.
Hunter gatherer societies
Lived in caves
The world's earliest polished stone tools
Jomon Period
Fertility goddess themes
Dogu figurines
Hunter gatherer kin based groups
Shaman type leaders
Lived in a residential base than would go on short day long trips to hunt/gather
The earliest fragements of pottery are from this era
Domesticated animals (dogs for hunting)
Emperor Wendi (above) and his son Yangdi (below)
Mosque at Cordoba in Spain
Period 1
Development of monotheistic religions in Periods II and III (Zoroastrianism, Islam)
Wider transregional contacts (Persians with Rome, Byzantium, India and China; Islam spread through trade and conquest)
Greater influences from other cultures (Islam started from Judaism and Christianity; Muslims scholars influenced by Greek learning and Indian numbering system
Encompasses the Paleolithic and Hong Bang Dynasty
Stone tools and bronze metallurgy are present
Development of agriculture (wet rice farming
Paleolithic (Son Vi)
Tools are made of stone.
The people mainly live on open ground.
Few cave shelters
Burial sites found in caves
The red river valley civilization
Earliest center of agriculture based tools.
Hong Bang Kingdom
The kingdom was an attempt at combining all the various tribes by Loc Tuc.
The society was matriarchal
Bronze metallurgy was present
Primitive animism
Fishing and hunting supplemeted agriculture.
*Note not all of the Hong Bang Kindom fits into this period
Examples of Son Vi era tools
Son Vi era tools
Bronze drum
Trade remained important economically
Advanced metalworking (Periods I & II especially)
Agrarian economies
Existence of strong empires with complex political, social, and economic structures and unique cultures
Delhi Sultanate
Paleolithic tools
Polished stone tools
Dogu Figurine
Northern India
8th to 10th Century
The Gurjara Pratiharas of Malwa
The Rajput states
Stone tools
Stone tools
Jeulman Period pottery
Mumun Period pottery
Period 2
Agriculture takes root
Irrigation techniques evolve
Pottery techniques evolve
Wet rice farming
Yayoi Period
Agriculture way of life is introduced
Wet rice revolution brings in migrants
Migrants bring bronze/copper metallurgy
New pottery techniques from Korea
Animism; local deities often surrounding agriculture
Yayoi Pottery
Dragonfly deitiy
Kofun era
Marked by Tumuli building
Kofun: large tumili built for deceased elite rulers/kings
Advanced irrigation
No written langugue but neighboring peoples detailed the history
Yamato, the first state emerged.
Wu defeateds the Silla/Paekehe
5 kings: San, Chin, Sei, Kou, Bu
Bu sends emissaries to China
Leaders were priest-kings
3 Dynasties
The Palas of Bengal
The Rashtrakutas of the Deccan
Contested for control of northern India & were able to avoid the Islamic conquest of India thus maintaining kingdom of Hindu rulers
-The Gurjaras would later be fragmented into sveral states & the Palas would be assumed by Sena dynasty
The states that the Gurjara Pratiharas fragmented into
A series of kingdoms which managed to survive until Indian independence from the British
Sena dynasty
constructed several palaces during rule
Ruled from the 11th to 12th century
At its peak it covered much of the north-eastern region of the Indian subcontinent
Founded by Hemanta Sen- part of the Pala Dynasty until it was replaced by the Sena
He later took power & made himself king in 1095 CE
Period 2
Gorguryeo (Koguryo
First to mature into a kingdom
Founded by King Chum0 (Gojumong)
Developed strong leader ship and feudal power
Conquered small neighboring nations.
Absorbed various cultural elements
Was defeated by the Wei but regained its strength and repelled subsequent attack.
First to adopt Buddhism
Baekje (Paekche)
Grew out of a town state
King Geunchogo connected the kingdom with China and Japan
Second kingdom to adopt Buddhism
Naval and land power
Developed a sophisticated culture
Buddhist-Confucianism mix
Initially the weakest kingdom
Class oriented
Military of unique aristocrat corps called Hwarong
Third kingdom to adopt Buddhism
Longest surviving kingdom in Korea
Home of the greatest buddhist treasures in Korea
Examples of
Silla Buddhist art
Period 3
Unified Silla
Made an alliance with Tang China
Conquered Paekache
Conquered Korguryo
Agreed to pay tribute to China and were left as the independent rulers of China
Gained access to Chinese learning, art, and manufactured goods.
Imports from China were for a few elite.
Favored Buddhism
Common people revolted and the Silla/Koryo dynasties were weakened
The Yi dyansty was established and lasted from 1392-1910
Buddhist art
Period 2
The time of the three Kingdoms
Encompasses Late Hang, Thuc, Trieu, and first two Chinese dominations
Late Hong bang Dynasty
Conquered modern day Nghe and Ha Tinh
Fought the proto-Cham and defeated them
Overthrown by the Phan
Thuc Dynasty
Au Viet people migrated to the Red River Delta from South China
The kingdom of Au Lac is born
It united the Au Viet and Au Lac peoples
Ruled by Thuc Phan
Co Loa Citadel was constructed
Co Loa Citadel
Trieu Dynasty (Zhao)
Invaded Au Lac and defeated An Duong Vong (king)
Trieu Da merged Au Lac with his land.
New independent nation of Nam Viet
Trieu Da was once a command under a Chinese Dynasty
Lasted until the first Chinese domination
Location of Nam Viet
1st and 2nd Chinese dominations
Introduced techincal and administrative innovations
Chinese governors tried to impose Chinese language, culture, customs, and political insitutions
Vietnamese people resisted; Trung sisters led a revolt but were defeated
Domination ended when Ly Nam De came into power.
Ly Nam De is considered by many the first emperor of Vietnam
Artistic depictionof the Trung sisters
Period 3
3rd Chinese Domination
Ly abdicated
Vietnamese took advantage of political turmoil in China
Massive rebellion after Tang collapse
Won independence
Encompasses the third and fourth Chinese domination, Ngo, Dinh, Le, Ly, Tran, and Ho dynasties
Ngo, Dinh, and Early Le
End of chinese domination, Ngo Quyun established as King
Dinh Bo Linh brought political unity and renamed the land Dai Co Viet
Frequent conflict with Champa
Early Le dynasty repelled the Song
Later Ly, Tran and Ho
Ly Chieu Hoang was forced to abdicate to her husband
This began the Tran dynasties
The Tran dynasty successfully defended Vietnam from the Mongols
The Ho dynasty lasted 6 years but made inroads against the Champas
The Ho dynasty was defeated by the Ming Dynasty
Ho Dynasty Citadel
4 Chinese Domination and Later Ly dynasty
The Ming occupied Vietnam
Le Loi began a resistance against the Chinese
It started the greatest and longest dynasty
It showed a blending of Chinese and Vietnamese influences: Confucian civil service exams and a Hong Dae legal code
Statue of Le Loi
Period 3
Japanese court favored Chinese imports
The Taka, Nara, and Heian saw Japanese borrowing from the Chinese peak
Emperor launched Taika reforms
The Taika reforms failed due to the resistance of aristocrats and Buddhist monastic orders
Buddhist Monastary
Heian Era
Court culture was very refined
Strict codes of polite behavior
Complex palace and gardens
Poetry was the most valued art form
Lady Murasaki wrote the Tale of Genji
The imperial bureauacracy was shrinking
Rise of Samurai
Heian art work
A Delhi-based Muslim Turkic kingdom that ruled over large parts of India from 1206 to 1526
Five dynasties ruled over it: The Mamluk dynasty, Khilji dynasty, Tughlaq dynasty, Sayyid dynasty, & the Afghan Lodi dynasty
One of the few states to repel an attack from the Mongols
Qutb-ud-din Aibak was the first sultan of Delhi
The Sultanate caused destruction & desecration of ancient temples of South Asia, & led to the emergence of Indo-Islamic architecture
The Delhi Sultanate is the era that enthroned one of the few female rulers in Islamic history: Razia Sultana from 1236 to 1240
In 1526 the Delhi Sultanate fell & was replaced by the Mughal Empire
Taira and Minamoto feuding
Buddhism became a distinctly Japanese religion
Gempei Wars led to Minamoto establishing a military government
Yorimoto was paranoid and left the Kamakura without an heir
Ashikaga Takuaji overthrew the Kamakura and set up the Ashikaga Shogunate
Depiction of a Samurai
Hinduism remained the primary important religion both in social and political life
India remained an important part of the trade network
Maintained a unique tradition & culture despite outside influences
Europeans & Muslims began to invade Indian territory which led to influence from them
Transregional trade became more widespread with China, Europe, & Middle East
Political structures changed- sultanate
14th/15th Centuries:
- 1380: Prince Dmitry Donskoy of Moscow, with help from the Russian Orthodox Church, led the united army of Russian principalities to defeating the Mongol-Tartars in the Battle of Kulikovo
- Moscow gradually gained the surrounding principalities (including Tver and Novgorod)
- Ivan III (the Great) ultimately rid the control of the Golden Horde, consolidated Central and Northern Rus' under Moscow, and was the first to take the title "Grand Duke of all of the Russias"
- After the fall of Constantinople (1453!) Moscow claimed succession to the legacy of the Eastern Roman Empire
- Ivan III married Sophia Palaiologina, niece of last Byzantine emperor Constantine XI (11)
https://explorable.com/chinese-astronomy. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Song_dynasty#mediaviewer/File:China_11a.jpg. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Song_dynasty#mediaviewer/File:China_11b.jpg. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Song_dynasty#mediaviewer/File:Yuan_Dynasty_1294.png.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Song_dynasty#mediaviewer/File:Yin_and_Yang.svg. http://archive.artsmia.org/art-of-asia/history/shang-dynasty-map.cfm. http://archive.artsmia.org/art-of-asia/history/sui-dynasty-map.cfm.html.
http://archive.artsmia.org/art-of-asia/history/han-dynasty-map.cfm.html. http://www.sunrise-art.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/08/d729391f6774624b83583727153f304e1.jpg. https://pierceschoolbrookline.wikispaces.com/file/view/shng-ora.jpg/30698124/shng-ora.jpg. http://www.philosophers.co.uk/confucius.jpg. http://a1.files.biography.com/image/upload/c_fill,dpr_1.0,g_face,h_300,q_80,w_300/MTE4MDAzNDEwNzMwOTExMjQ2.jpg. http://totallyhistory.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/05/map-of-tang-dynasty.png. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/1b/YuanEmperorAlbumKhubilaiPortrait.jpg. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/7/75/28_xiu.svg/220px-28_xiu.svg.png.
https://collections.artsmia.org/index.php?page=detail&id=3512. http://5mwaterworld.wikispaces.com/file/view/yellow-river.jpg/236521684/412x366/yellow-river.jpg. https://mrgiovanello.wikispaces.com/file/view/SONG!.jpg/70688393/252x354/SONG!.jpg. http://www.china-mike.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/01/grand-canal-map.jpg.
http://www.writework.com/uploads/12/129484/first-emperor-china-qin-shi-huang-zh-wikipedia.jpg. http://dannypageforsenate.com/content/uploads/2014/09/greatwall-of-china.jpg.
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/c0/Bataille_entre_mongols_%26_chinois_(1211).jpeg/300px-Bataille_entre_mongols_%26_chinois_(1211).jpeg. http://www.act.com.sg/dominion/images/mapzhou.gif
Changes & Continuities in China, Prehistory-1450 C.E.

new innovations in politics, science, and language
increased contact with other civilizations through overland trade
amount of territory ruled by dynasties
political structure of empires
cycles of dynasties’ rises and declines
produced luxury items
engaged in little interregional contact compared to the major societies of each time period
The Silla kingdom was the weakest then, with the help of China, defeated the other great kingdoms.
Vietnam's dynasties tended to only last for short period of times but the Ly dynasty lasted for 1009-1225, the longest of all.
Japan went from a country with no written language to the home of the first ever written novel
Korea excelled at pottery throughout all periods to the point where the Chinese treasured the pottery imports.
Vietnamese skill with bronze metallgy and the resistance to Chinese domination.
Shinto and Buddhism have coexisted peacefully since Buddhism was introduced, many people practice both religions simultaneously
Amelia Campos - China
AP Edition: World Civilizations - The Global Experience
Japan Works cited: http://www.destination-asia.com/japan/about/history/ http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/yayo/hd_yayo.htm http://heritageofjapan.wordpress.com.
Image: http://www.goway.com/media/uploads/maps/asia/japan_map.jpg.http://heritageofjapan.files.wordpress.com/2008/09/fire.jpg. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/10/JapanesePolishedStoneAxes.JPG. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/1b/Figurine_Dogu_Jomon_Musée_Guimet_70608_4.jpg. http://www.tufts.edu/programs/mma/fah188/ospina/yayoi/offering.jpg http://heritageofjapan.files.wordpress.com/2008/07/tabblo_f-dragnfly.jpg http://heritageofjapan.files.wordpress.com/2008/09/nihonnoruutsu-yayoi-rice1.jpg. http://www.newgeology.com/img/megalith/megalith_5_3.jpg. http://escapegardendesign.com/egd_wp/wp-content/uploads/2013/03/samurai.jpg.

Korea Works cited:http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/gojoseon http://www.koreaorbit.com http://www.korea.net/AboutKorea/Korea-at-a-Glance/History http://thekoreanway.wordpress.com/2013/03/14/mumun-pottery-period-1500-300-bc/ http://www.koreaaward.com/kor/108 http://www.mygoguryeo.net/history.htm http://asianhistory.about.com/od/glossaryae/g/GlosBaekje.htm http://english.visitkorea.or.kr/enu/SI/SI_EN_3_6.jsp?cid=996479 http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/614543/Unified-Silla-Dynasty
Images: http://www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/middle_east_and_asia/korean_peninsula.gif http://www.aggsbach.de/wp-content/uploads/2012/06/capsian-aggsbach1.jpg http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-j7U_lbGd6jY/TukZfB340sI/AAAAAAAAEKw/-uY6ObOFrTw/s1600/Pech01.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/cf/Korea-Neolithic.age-Pot-01.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/KoreanEarthenwareJar4000BCEAmsa-DongNearSeoul.jpg/220px-KoreanEarthenwareJar4000BCEAmsa-DongNearSeoul.jpg http://www.seaa-web.org/bulletin2008/miya/miya01-w.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/28/History_of_Korea-108_BC.png http://www.koreaaward.com/kor/files/attach/images/104/110/goguryeo_map.jpg http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/images/h2/h2_12.37.136.jpg http://www.buddhist-art.net/administrator/system_img/extra_admin_image/1.-Roof-end-tile-with-human-face-Yeongmyosa-Temple-Site,-Gyeongju-Silla-early-7th-century.jpg http://leehny3.tripod.com/unified_shilla_parhae.gif https://teachartwiki.wikispaces.com/file/view/silla3.jpg/50756497/silla3.jpg

Vietnam Works Cited: http://anthropologymuseum.net/en/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=278:vietnamese-archaeology-part-i-paleolithic&catid=27:bai-nghien-cu-kho-c&Itemid=35 http://www.alotrip.com/about-vietnam-history/history-vietnam-dynastic-period http://www.alotrip.com/about-vietnam-history/vietnam-history-early-days http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/628349/Vietnam/52727/Vietnam-under-Chinese-rule http://www.vietnamtourism.com/e_pages/country/overview.asp?uid=1942
Image: http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/images/map-vietnam.png http://www.vietnamtraveltour.net/wp-content/uploads/2012/10/Pre-Paleolithic-Age.jpg http://www.firstchoicevietnam.com/imgs/21201a0d216d515f4d4b5233d5eaa433-rehis.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/1b/Main_off.jpg/250px-Main_off.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/50/World_500_BCE_showing_Van_Lang.png http://static.panoramio.com/photos/large/11766163.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/11/Nam-Viet_200bc.jpg http://trungsistersresume.files.wordpress.com/2012/10/300px-dongho_haibatrung.jpg http://www.aviairporthotel.com/public/image/avi-guide/CitadelofHoDynasty.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/81/Le_Loi_statue.JPG

All: World Civilizations the Global Experience, Fourth Edition,
Emily Perez - Japan, Korea, and Vietnam
Julie Kallini - Middle East
AP Edition: World Civilizations - The Global Experience
Kate Larson - Russia & Russian Nomadic Tribes

Pictures: http://www.infoplease.com/atlas/country/russia.html, http://cache4.asset-cache.net/gc/143155428-eurasian-steppe-gettyimages.jpg?v=1&c=IWSAsset&k=2&d=vhLgDxKg21iOu9BrLVjA0ljmgluECd0sm84kvmtoWvDPRAMmFoUoKaa4hrhppypj, http://www.conflicts.rem33.com/images/Russia/rus_pre_history_files/image005.jpg, http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/27/1000_Rurik.JPG, http://www.stamp-collecting-world.com/images/Russia_Kievan_Rus_Map.jpg, http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-5B3SeXgb4CU/UEXBfHokNoI/AAAAAAAACok/urR0EWWU2Ew/s1600/Vladimir-I.jpg, http://www.russia-ukraine-travel.com/image-files/saint-basils-cathedral-moscow2.jpg, http://ecx.images-amazon.com/images/S/com.evi.images-irs/3d/3d730dcd9e6ecc42c48b14d9f6554f0d._SL250_.jpg,
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/41/Grigory_Gagarin._Armenie._Djighit_a_Sardar-Abbat._(Kurdes,_tatars).jpg, http://40.media.tumblr.com/0c03aec01f9cc75e60c43ff0d84c8ac7/tumblr_mun286xpW11qdk8d3o1_500.jpg, http://www.historytoday.com/sites/default/files/ivan_terrible.jpg
Text: AP Edition: World Civilizations - The Global Experience, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Russia#Early_periods

Romina Deville-India
Full transcript