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Philip Vera Cruz
Transcript of Philip Vera Cruz
Long Term Exposure to the Sun
Long Term Exposure to Chemicals and Pesticides
Seperation from Friends and Family O N D I T I O N S E R S O N E L A N O Born on Decemember 25, 1904 in Illocos Sur, Philippines. Philip Vera Cruz became a member of Agricultural Workers Organizing Committee (AWOC). "The $2 dollars I paid for membership was the probably the most important and expensive $2 dollars I ever spent in my life. I didn't need anyone then or now to convince me that it was the right decision to make. I knew the union was good for the workers. The only thing I didn't know back then was how difficult the struggle would get." In 1926, Philip Vera Cruz experienced and witnessed many instances of overt racism and discrimination. "During the Great Depression when jobs were scarce, Filipinos were often blamed for taking away jobs from whites. Racist growers and politicians picked on Filipinos as easy targets for discrimination and attack. Filipinos were harrassed and driven from thier camps and usually wouldn't have anywhere to go. They were pushed to the wall and the whole town was often against them. The police would make false arrests and throw them in jail and then in certain cases the courts imposed excessive fines. Those poor, unfortunate Filipinos risked thier lives just to go and buy groceries. There were bad race riots in the labor camps. Filipinos were hurt and one was even shot dead in bed." Recognizing the number of Filipino and Mexican laborers affected by poor working conditions and low wages, Philip Vera Cruz and Ceaser Chavez formed the United Farm Workers (UFW). 'It was in August 1966, a year after the Delano strike started, when AWOC and NFWA merged and became the United Farm Workers Organizing Committee, or the UFWOC, AFL-CIO. The merger was supported by the vast majority of Filipino and Mexican farmworkers." By organizing farmworkers and by participating in boycotts, marches, non-violent actions, and organizing communities, the UFW were able to improve the conditions and wages of present and future farm workers. R E G A N I Z Identify Analyze Assess Organize Mobilize
Identify the problem or issue.
What is the problem or issue?
Filipino and Mexican farmworkers are not being treated right. Analyze the problem or issue.
Why is it a problem or issue?
Who benefits from this situation?
Who doesn't benefit from this situation?
Filipino and Mexican farmworkers are being subjected to poor working conditions. Many were denied proper breaks and often worked many hours without being paid decent wages. The farmowners directly benefit from this situation by minimizing monetary expenses and maximizing profit at the expense of their worker's rights and well being. Organize a plan of action.
How do we address the problem or issue effectively?
What are our allies?
What are some threats or potential obstacles?
Picket lines, work stoppage, walkouts, boycotts, and other methods are key in ensuring that the farm owners meet the demands of the workers. Futhermore, because Filipino and Mexican farmworkers comprised a large number of the labor force that were experiencing poor wages and working conditions, it is important that the two ethnic groups unite rather than be divided. Choosing to be divided would only work in the favor of the farm owners as they would likely hire "scabs" to weaken the strike. Mobilize the plan of action. Farmworkers organized amongst themselves by education each other, marching, boycotting, making signs, etc. Evaluate your process and execution.
Did we make progress? If so, how much?
What worked well? What didn't?
What changes should be made in order to be more effecttive? By constantly engaging in assessing and evaluating their organized actions, Filipinos and Mexican workers were able to succeed in gaining better wages and working conditions. Critical Organizing Model