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Copy of Copy of Adjective Clause and Adverb Clause

Danielle Roques, Cameron, First Period

Mitch Doxsee

on 3 October 2016

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Transcript of Copy of Copy of Adjective Clause and Adverb Clause

Adjective Clause
Adverb Clause

Definition: A dependent clause used as an adjective within a sentence.

* An adjective clause is also known as an
adjectival clause
or a
relative clause

* An adjective clause begins with a relative pronoun (which, that, who, whom, whose) or a relative adverb (where, when, why).
who can no longer pause to wonder and stand rapt in awe
is as good as dead." - Albert Einstein

whose mainspring is curiosity
enjoy the accumulating of facts far more than the pausing at times to reflect on those facts." - Clarence Day

•"Among those
whom I like or admire
, I can find no common denominator, but among those
whom I love
, I can: all of them make me laugh." - W. H. Auden

•"The means
by which we live
have outdistanced the ends
for which we live
. Our scientific power has outrun our spiritual power. We have guided missiles and misguided men." - Martin Luther King Jr.

•"The man
that invented the cuckoo clock
is no more." - Mark Twain

•"On I trudged, past the carefully roped-off breeding grounds of terns,
which chirruped a warning overhead
." - Will Self, "A Real Cliff Hanger", 2008
Definition: A dependent clause used as an adverb within a sentence to indicate time, place, condition, contrast, concession, reason, purpose, .

* An adverb clause is also known as an
adverbial clause

* An adverb clause begins with a subordinating conjunction (such as if, when, because, or although) and includes a subject and a predicate.
Adjective Clause
Adjective Clause Examples
Adverb Clause

nonrestrictive (nonessential)
: gives extra information about the noun.
"My older brother's car,
which he bought two years ago
, has already needed many repairs."

* The adjective clause, '
which he bought two years ago
,' is nonrestrictive because it provides extra information.

restrictive (essential)
: offers essential information and is needed to complete the sentence's thought
"The room
that you reserved for the meeting
is not ready."

* The adjective clause, '
that you reserved for the meeting,
' is restrictive because it restricts which room.
There are two main types of adjective clauses.
Adjective Clause Examples Continued
•"The IRS spends God knows how much of your tax money on these toll-free information hot lines staffed by IRS employees,
whose idea of a dynamite tax tip is that you should print neatly
."- Dave Barry

which was once believed to contain the answer
, is nothing more than an inherited behavior pattern." - James Thurber

•"Afterwards, in the dusty little corners
where London's secret servants drink together
, there was argument about where the Dolphin case history should really begin." - John le Carré, The Honourable Schoolboy, 1977

•"The man
who first abused his fellows with swear words
, instead of bashing their brains out with a club, should be counted among those
who laid the foundations of civilization
." - John Cohen
Properties of Adjective Clauses
* Adverb clauses modify the entire clause, not just the verb of the clause.
Because Mary loved Adam
, she refused to believe that he had deserted her.

When Fanny returned
, she found Tom very ill.

Although Sarah believed that it was not the wisest decision
, she decided to marry James.

Henry changed his plans
as the mood took him

If Emma had left Hartfield
, Mr Woodhouse would have been unhappy.
* Adverb clauses are traditionally classified as "reason", "time", "concession", "manner" or "condition".
Adverb Clause Examples

Although the world is full of suffering
, it is full also of the overcoming of it." - Helen Keller, "Optimism: An Essay"

•"The greatest thrill in the world is to end the game with a home run and watch everybody else walk off the field
while you're running the bases on air
." - Al Rosen, third-baseman for the Cleveland Indians

•"Again at eight o’clock,
when the dark lanes of the Forties were five deep with throbbing taxi cabs, bound for the theatre district
, I felt a sinking in my heart. Forms leaned together in the taxis
as they waited
, and voices sang, and there was laughter from unheard jokes, and lighted cigarettes outlined unintelligible gestures inside." - F. Scott Fitzgerald, The Great Gatsby

•"I drank some boiling water
because I wanted to whistle
." - Mitch Hedberg

•"I generally avoid temptation
unless I can't resist it
." - Mae West
Danielle Roques
Adverb Clause Examples Continued
When fascism comes to America
, it will be wrapped in the flag, carrying a cross." - Sinclair Lewis, 1935

When I was coming up
, I practiced all the time
because I thought if I didn't, I couldn't do my best
." - Herbie Hancock

when the broken hearted people
Living in the world agree
There will be an answer, let it be.
though they may be parted
there is
Still a chance that they will see
There will be an answer, let it be." - John Lennon and Paul McCartney, "Let It Be"

•"Experience is what you get
when you didn't get what you wanted
." - Randy Pausch, "The Last Lecture"

•"The swift December dusk had come tumbling clownishly after its dull day, and,
as he stared through the dull square of the window of the schoolroom
, he felt his belly crave for its food." - James Joyce, "A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man"

Do the following exercised
Page 425, Exercise 1: 1-5
Page 428-429, Exercise 4: 5-10
Page 431-432, Exercise 6: 6-10
Page 433, Review A: 1-10

Type out all sentences. Submit as MS Word .doc to the Canvas Link
Full transcript