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Copy of Behavior Therapy
Transcript of Copy of Behavior Therapy
Simpson, & Tavril Saint Jean Behaviorism B.F. Skinner John B. Watson Classical Conditioning Operant Conditioning What is Behaviorism? Little attention is given to mental processes
First began in the early 20th century
Influenced mainly by Ivan Pavlov
Further developed by Edward Thorndike, B.F. Skinner & John B. Watson 1904 - 1990
Father of behaviorism
Work was based on Thorndike's Law of Effect
Coined term "reinforcement"
Known for Skinner Box 1878-1958
Known for "Little Albert" experiment
"Give me a dozen healthy infants, well-formed, and my own specified world to bring them up in and I'll guarantee to take any one at random and train him to become any type of specialist I might select – doctor, lawyer, artist, merchant-chief and, yes, even beggar-man and thief, regardless of his talents, penchants, tendencies, abilities, vocations, and race of his ancestors. I am going beyond my facts and I admit it, but so have the advocates of the contrary and they have been doing it for many thousands of years." A theory of learning based upon the idea that all behaviors are acquired through conditioning. The shaping of behavior via consequences
Reinforcement and Punishment (Positive or Negative) Main areas of development:
Classical conditioning (Pavlov)
Operant conditioning (Skinner) Relevance Skinner named the most influential 20th century psychologist
Skinner's work often used by animal trainers and mental health professionals References Baum, W.M. (1994). Understanding behaviorism: science, behavior, and culture. New York, NY: HarperCollins College Publishers.
Grecory, R. J. (2007). Psychological testing: history, principles and application. Pearson Education. pp.421-422.
McLeod, S. (2007). Skinner - operant conditioning. Retrieved from http://www.simplypsychology.org/operant-conditioning.html on January 14, 2013.
Skinner, B.F. (1984). The operational analysis of psychological terms. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 7(4), 547–581.
Thorndike, E.L. (1911), "Provisional laws of acquired behavior or learning", Animal Intelligence (New York: The McMillian Company)
Watson, J. B. (1930). Behaviorism (Revised edition). Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Edward Thorndike 1874 - 1949
Coined the term "modifying behavior"
Known for law of effect
Studied learning in animals using a puzzle box