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Intellectual Disabilities

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Christopher Rubessa

on 21 October 2013

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Transcript of Intellectual Disabilities

Intellectual Disabilities
Where are Children with Disabilities Educated in the United States?
Children with disabilities are educated in many different environments, depending on the severity of the disability. Educators try to keep children with disabilities in the least restrictive environment possible.
What are the educational considerations and/or strategies of this disability?
Intellectual disabilities can be assessed in many different ways to determine which route should be taken to ensure overall quality of life for the child. These assessments are tests that allow doctors to determine how severe a disability is and how to treat it.
The Way out
Who are the Children with Disabilities and Special Needs?
Intellectual disability is a disability characterized by significant limitations both in intellectual functioning and in adaptive behavior as expressed in conceptual, social and practical adaptive skills.
Children with intellectual disabilities have an IQ below 70.
Examples: Down Syndrome, Fragile X Syndrome, Prader-Willi Syndrome, and Williams Syndrome.
Also tested on adaptive behavior which consists of social intelligence and practical intelligence.

Physical Characteristics
Can vary based on the disability:
Down Syndrome
Thick folds in corners of the eyes
Small stature
Hyperflexibility
Fragile X Syndrome (causes extreme masculinity
Elongated fingers
Large heads
Flat ears
Large testicles
Broad Nose
Square Chin
Emotional Characteristics
Emotional Imbalance
Excessive movement
Delayed reactions
Lack of interest
Behavioral Characteristics
Aggression
Aloofness
Low Self-Esteem
Irresponsiblity
Academic Characteristics
Need systematic instruction
Usually kinesthetic learners.
Depending on disability, they learn life skills instead of academics
Intellectual Characteristics
Less than average IQ (70 and below)
IQ can range from mild to profound
Reduced ability to learn
Students With Disabilities
13.1% of all students in the education system have some kind of disability.
4.9% of all students have a specific learning disability.
.9% of students have an intellectual disability.
These numbers include all students with intellectual disabilities in inclusion, resoource, self-contained and seperate classrooms.
Accommodations
Testing accommodations can be made for students with intellectual disabilities such as:
Changes in scheduling
Extra time
Presentation format
Response format
Early intervention has a very important role in intellectual disabilities. Preschool programs are essential in determining whether a child has a disability that can be further developed or not.
Children who have intellectual disabilities have early childhood programs at their fingertips, often funded by the government. These programs are intended to further develop children, stressing language and conceptual development the most.
Early Childhood Programs
Academically, students with intellectual disabilities are taught with systematic instruction. Systematic prompts use instructional prompts, consequences for performance, and strategies for the transfer of stimulus control. Students need to be prompted, whether it be verbal or gestural, they need to be stimulated to perform their task. (SRA)
How Do You Teach Students With Intellectual Disabilities?
Functional Academics
Functional academics are essential for students with intellectual disabilities. This teaches students daily life skills, such as how to read the telephone book, count change at the grocery store and other daily activities.
How do you manage behavior?
To control the behavior of students with intellectual disabilities you need to:
be consistent with discipline
try to avoid confrontation
stay calm but assertive
medications (based on disorder)
Issues in School
Some issues to watch for in school are bullying and altering their educational route.
Bullying is the biggest issue, especially in younger ages because younger students do not understand the extent or reason for the other student's disability.
Schools will also need to alter their educational route to accommodate students with intellectual disabilities. The educational plan should focus on the weaknesses of the student and target areas which will improve their overall quality of life moving forward.
Current Event
Other Form of Education
Functional academics are also used when it comes to creating an educational plan for a student with an intellectual disability. Functional academics consist of teaching the child every day life skills which they would need to do have a better quality of life. For example, teaching them how to count money and give change at a grocery store, filling out job applications, and reading a telephone book.
http://www.app.com/article/20130921/NJNEWS/309210060/Howell-boy-shown-Times-Square-Down-syndrome-awareness-video
Annually, in Times Square, there is a video shown to help raise Down Syndrome awareness. This video is about a family who's son has Down Syndrome and his picture was featured in the presentation over Times Square. Down Syndrome awareness is getting larger, reaching larger audiences yearly. However, like the woman in the article had stated, since she had never met anyone with Down's, she knew nothing about it. Someone close to us should not have to be diagnosed with Down Syndrome for people to become aware of what Down Syndrome is and how those who have Down Syndrome can still lead normal lives.
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