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Melissa Felix

on 30 April 2014

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Transcript of Literature

Main genders in literature
Dramatic: referring to the text used to be represented in acting.
Lyric: the author transmits feelings, emotions or feelings about a person or object of inspiration.
Narrative: the author uses a narrator to tell a story it can be real or fictional events.
Similarities and differences between Literature and Culture
Literature a cultural reflection
Literature is something that reflects society
It reflects ideology and changes ideology.
Has social and political effects.
Is the creation of another world, a world that we can only see through reading literature.
Characteristics of literature
Form: the category in which it is written.
Expression: is the main purpose of literature, make public a certain idea. (fictional or not fictional).
Ideas: where the creativity and the objectives begin.
Objective: what the writer wants to achieve.
What is it?
An art that bases in the
word as an instrument
Written works, especially those considered of superior or lasting
artistic merit
Discipline, which involves the
use of the written word.
Types of narrators
The Narrator in the Dialogue
Dialogue belongs to the characters
Narrator interrupt the dialogue to explain, so the reader don´t get lost
Narrator is always the main character in the story talking about himself or herself as the axis of the narrative.
First Person Narrator
This narrator is like a "god"
He knows everything even if it is not happens.
Knows characters thoughts

Do you think
literature reflects

The human being creates both.
The changes in life have gave more freedom in literature and in cultural aspects.
Both have being developing and evolving together.
The kind of value that each one provides.
Culture offers us all the values, within which is the beauty, it is more extensive.
Literature offers us the value of beauty, expressed through the form of the written.
These similarities are the explanation of why literature is a cultural object, and not reflect culture, because culture itself includes literature.
These similarities are the explanation of why literature is a cultural object, and that culture itself includes literature.
• In Mexico there have been a lot of important literary figures like Octavio Paz, who won the Nobel price of literature in 1990, Juan Rulfo, Elena Poniatowska, Carlos Fuentes , among others.
literature in Mexico
Literature & society
Is a connection between 2 or more societies.
It is used to communicate stories & experiences between people.
Is always an active empathy, you can imagine to be someone else.
The books exist for the benefit of the audience.
Why is important
to read critically?
1. Have a fuller understanding of lifes other than your own.
2. It will help you to be more empathetic.
3. Reading carefully can give you the linguistic tools to share your own story with precision
This will be very helpful on your personal and professional life.
Forms of literature
Drama: Mainly dialogue between characters, and usually has the objective of dramatic representation

Novel: Is an invented prose narrative of considerable length and a certain complexity that deals with intimate human experiences.

Short stories: shorter than a novel and that usually deals with only a few characters.
Essay: Is an analytic, interpretative, or critical literary composition dealing with its subject from a limited and often personal point of view.

Poettry: Is a form of literature that evokes an experience or a specific emotional response through language with meaning, sound, and rhythm.
Important movements & literary works
Greek Classicism
Democracy and political themes
“The Iliad and the Odyssey”
Wrote by Homer, a Greek historic writer, in the mid-eighteen century b.c.
Middle Edge
“El Cantar del Mío Cid” from 1207
“La Celestina” from 1499
work which represented the transition to The Renaissance.
Both works are anonymous.
William Shakespeare from England.
“Hamlet” (1603),
“Romeo and Juliet” (1597)
“The Taming of the Shrew” (1593)
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, from Germany
“Fausto”, written back in 1803, his most important work.
The most important author from this time is Honoré de Balzac from France
His most important work “La Comédie Humaine”, the human comedy in English, work from 1842.
Thank you very much!
Consulted Sources
“Literaure” http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/english/literature consulted March 2, 2014.
“definición de literatura” http://www.definicionabc.com/general/literatura.php consulted March 2, 2014.
“What is literature” http://dlibrary.acu.edu.au/staffhome/siryan/academy/foundation/what_is_literature.htm consulted March2, 2014.
“literature and culture”
"Novel (literature)." Encyclopedia Britannica. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Apr. 2014. <http://global.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/421071/novel>.
"short story." Encyclopaedia Britannica. Encyclopaedia Britannica Online Academic Edition. Encyclopædia Britannica Inc., 2014. Web. 29 Apr. 2014. <http://0-www.britannica.com.millenium.itesm.mx/EBchecked/topic/541698/short-story>.
"Clasicismo Griego Y Romano." Clasicismo Griego Y Romano. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Apr. 2014. <http://clasicismo-karencuatzo.blogspot.mx/>.
"William Shakespeare." Encyclopaedia Britannica. Encyclopaedia Britannica Online Academic Edition. Encyclopædia Britannica Inc., 2014. Web. 29 Apr. 2014. <http://0-www.britannica.com.millenium.itesm.mx/EBchecked/topic/537853/William-Shakespeare>.
"Honoré de Balzac." Encyclopaedia Britannica. Encyclopaedia Britannica Online Academic Edition. Encyclopædia Britannica Inc., 2014. Web. 29 Apr. 2014. <http://0-www.britannica.com.millenium.itesm.mx/EBchecked/topic/51100/Honore-de-Balzac>.

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