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Queen Elizabeth I
Transcript of Queen Elizabeth I
Elizabeth Tudor was born September 7, 1533 at Greenwich Palace. She was the daughter of king Henry Vlll and Queen Anne Boleyn who was beheaded due to treason, adultery, and incest, which occurred 2 1/2 years after Elizabeth's birth.
Elizabeth as a young girl
soon after Anne Boleyn's death Henry was married to Jane Seymour whom died giving birth to Henry's first son, Prince Edward. Causing Henry to basically declare Elizabeth a bastard.
soon after she became Queen, in June the Elizabethan prayer book began to be used as a restoration to the Anglican Church.
during her reign much was accomplished in literacy and the arts. this era brought with it the emergence of successful playwrights and poets which include Shakespeare, Edmund Spenser, Christopher Marlowe, and sir Walter Raleigh
In foreign affairs, Elizabeth practiced a policy of strengthening England's Protestant allies and dividing her enemy. However, she was opposed by the pope, who refused to recognize her legitimacy, and by Spain, a Catholic nation that was at the height of its power. In 1588, English-Spanish rivalry led to an unsuccessful Spanish invasion of England in which the Spanish Armada, the greatest naval force in the world at the time, was destroyed by storms and a persistent English navy. This was Elizabeth's greatest accomplishment.
Queen Elizabeth is remembered with greatness. She overcame many obstacles including her fathers rejection. Regardless of what she was faced with she ruled England with the same aspects of a man during a time where women had no power or say; furthermore, she remained a loyal, and courageous queen and friend. for this she was recognized as the central power of Europe.
According to Anthology of English literature, it was said that Elizabeth lost all hereditary title to the throne. Therefore, her early years of childhood were very harsh.
It was not until king Henry's sixth and last wife, Katherine Parr, who had the greatest impact on Elizabeth's life. She was a very kind and an educated woman, who believed passionately in education and religious reform. She had more of an impact in Edward and Elizabeth's life than with Mary.
Katherine arranged for Elizabeth to have the best education just like any legitimate prince. Roger Ascham was Elizabeth's tutor & one of the best in England.
"Her mind has no womanly weakness" Roger would write approvingly, "her perseverance is equal to that of a man" and later, "She readeth more Greek every day, than some Prebendaries of this Church do in a whole week."
Elizabeth and Ascham
As time went by and Edwards and Mary's reign was over it was Elizabeth's turn to rule over England. She was declared Queen on January 13, 1558 at the age of 25, 2 months after the death of Mary.
Along with such classical subjects as rhetoric, languages, philosophy, and history, Elizabeth also studied theology. Ascham and her other tutors were famous Cambridge humanists who supported the Protestant cause.
On January 15, 1559 Elizabeth 1 was crowned Queen by Owen Oglethorpe, bishop of Carlisle at Westminster Abbey
Queen Elizabeth 1
she is also known for establishing laws to support the poor and needy although she established Protestantism as the country's religion she did not proceed with prosecuting Catholics with conviction.
Another thing is that her councilors did urge her to marry, one reason being is that it was not believed at the time that a woman was capable of ruling alone and needed a husband to guide her. Another was that she needed to produce an heir to succeed to the throne when she died. She also didn't want to give up her power to a man, and did not want to create unrest by marrying a foreigner.