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REDEMPTION IN CRIME AND PUNISHMENT

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Rakha Wibisana

on 20 December 2013

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Transcript of REDEMPTION IN CRIME AND PUNISHMENT

In the novel
Crime and Punishment
, Feodor Dostoevsky suggests that
redemption
is
not effortlessly achieved
but through
the act of redeeming one's self
, one can
feel revitalized
in that there will be a
lack of guilt and suffering
.
REDEMPTION
IN CRIME AND PUNISHMENT

THEME STATEMENT
In The Beginning...
Marmeladov's Death Scene
In The Middle...
CONFESSION TO SONIA
In The End
Religion in Redemption
Religion is heavily emphasized in Crime and Punishment.
Sonia talks of how repenting to God through suffering is the only way to revitalize Raskolnikov's life.
Raskolnikov before the confession is
degraded
-- "dejected and mournful" and "with a face hideously distorted by despair"
Sonia believes
suffering
for God is the only way to
redeem
self.
Someone like Sonia who wants to redeem self -- powerful and energetic, "with eyes full of fire"
When Raskolnikov rejects offer for redemption -- becomes more degraded and broken spiritually/mentally.
When Raskolnikov
doesn't attempt
for redemption, he becomes
even more miserable
to the point where he is "immeasurably unhappier than before"
Sonia
tries
to be redeemed through religion, as a result she is
more lively
and vibrant compared to Raskolnikov.
References to "God" and "devil" prevalent -- can symbolize the
struggle for redemption
PORFIRY's TALK TO RASKOLNIKOV
Throughout the conversation Dostoevsky consistently uses the word "suffering" to display that pain comes with trying to redeem oneself.
The sad mood that comes with words like "mournful" and the slow shift in Raskolnikov's emotions prove that the act of redeeming oneself is difficult.
However, Dostoevsky uses Porfiry in the book just to push Raskolnikov's character and guilt.
Before the death of Marmelodov, Raskolnikov was in a depressed almost suicidal state of mind.
After the incident however he received redemption from his depression and paranoia.
The last paragraph pg 148 directly shows the complete transformation of Raskolnikov after the incident. It talks of how he is done with all of his paranoia and will rather live on a "square of space" than die.
After Raskolnikov went through his redemption, he was no longer as paranoid as before.
He temporarily broke out of his isolation because of it. He requested Polenka to pray for him and even went to Razumihin's lodgings even though he had an argument with him before the Marmelodov accident.
Raskolnikov's redemption was psychological
Pg 145 last paragraph- "We will try our strength! he added defiantly, as though challenging some power or darkness."
The quote shows his renewed sense of strength and power. The darkness may represent all of the conflicts that he has to face.
"My life has not yet ended with that old woman!... And I was ready to consent to live in a square of space"
It shows Raskolnikov's renewed sense of life and how he is not ready to just give it up.
"I've done with fancies, imaginary terrors and phantoms! Life is real!"
Shows how he is done with his paranoia
In Raskolnikov's redemption, he loses a great deal of stress and harm to his mental state. He decides to live and persevere in the face of difficulty which in a sense shows how his redemption revitalized him and help him with his suffering.
"I shall make a struggle for it..."
This passage highlights more of the
inverse
of our theme statement.
As a consequence
of Raskolnikov not wanting to redeem himself, he builds up
more guilt and suffering
trying to defend his position.
"I kept wanting to forget it and make a new beginning... I went into it headlong like a fool... and that was just my destruction."
Raskolnikov acknowledges his errors and has
conflicting feelings
.
Has a side that wants redemption.
Ultimately favors to defend his theory, ends up
isolating self and suffers
.
LITERARY CRITICISM #1
"Idea and Method in a Scene by Dostoevsky"
by: Richard M. Eastman
CITATIONS
Literary Criticism #1:
Literary Criticism #2:
Eastman, Richard M. "Idea and Method in a Scene by Dostoevsky." College English 17.3 (Dec. 1955): 143-150. Rpt. in Nineteenth-Century Literature Criticism. Ed. Jessica Bomarito and Russel Whitaker. Vol. 167. Detroit: Gale, 2006. Literature Resource Center. Web. 16 Dec. 2013.
Talks about how themes of
sin and redemption dominate
Dostoevsky's fiction.
Focuses on Raskolnikov's first encounter with Marmeladov in the tavern.
Marmeladov explains his life story -- establishing that he believes in
infinite redemption
; all sins are forgiven no matter the severity or frequency of them.
"endlessly degraded," yet "endlessly pure"
Marmeladov's belief in infinite redemption arises from personal knowledge of "infinite debasement"
Dostoevsky utilizes polar opposites; e.g. conversations with Porfiry: elements of "sympathy and calculation" and "the murderer" shows both confidence and panic
"abysmal sin is a prerequisite for redemption"
Only
look to redemption
once a grave
wrong has been committed
"redemption perpetually draws its full force from the terrible fact of damnation"
People only
strive to redeem
themselves through
fear of an outside force
Another Side to Redemption
People only seek redemption at the lowest point in their lives -- when they need it most
In this passage, Porfiry first establishes himself as a reliable source so that Raskolnikov listens to him.
Porfiry says that he will alleviate the punishment for Raskolnikov.
Then Porfiry reveals that its possible for Raskolnikov to redeem himself throught the belief in "faith or God".

Dostoevsky also demonstrates that redemption will make Raskolnikov feel better after.
This is shown by consistent verbage in that Raskolnikov needs a "breath of fresh air".
Dostoevsky explains that without the feeling of guilt, Raskolnikov will feel better.
Literary Criticism #2
"Dostoevsky's 'Crime and Punishment': An Aesthetic Interpretation"
by: Arnold McMillin
"Crime and Punishment - 'a story of good and evil, of
Raskolnikov's moral transgression
and his
redemption in Christian faith
'"
Moral transgression - struggle for redemption
Ex: Raskolnikov strives for pride, however 'transgresses' his morals in order to redeem himself.
McMillin, Arnold. "Dostoevsky's 'Crime and Punishment': An Aesthetic Interpretation." The Modern Language Review 94.4 (1999): 1168+. Literature Resource Center. Web. 17 Dec. 2013.
Conclusion
Redemption is not easily obtained.
Achieving or attempting redemption alleviates stress and guilt - empowers the person.
Religion is an important gateway to redemption.
People only seek redemption after committing a wrong or fear of an outside force.
Literary Criticism #3
Explains how much of an important role Sonia had on Raskolnikov's recovery.
Raskolnikov wouldn't have been able to confess without the help of Sonia because her faith in him is what motivated him to confess.
"It is the reverse of a pessimistic book."
Despite all of the suffering and the death, the book remains positive because at the end Raskolnikov comes out as a much better person than what he once was.
"we see where the suffering which his guilt inflicts must naturally end. It leaves him at the outset of a new life, the life of a man who has submitted to punishment,"
A person can finally be free from guilt when he/she starts a new life by first submitting to the punishment.
Literary Criticism #3:

Howells, William Dean. "Crime and Punishment." a Review of Crime and Punishment in Harper's New Monthly Magazine 73 (Sept. 1886): 639-642. Rpt. in Nineteenth-Century Literature Criticism. Ed. Laurie Lanzen Harris and Sheila Fitzgerald. Vol. 7. Detroit: Gale Research, 1984. Literature Resource Center. Web. 20 Dec. 2013.
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