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Buddhism

AP Human Geo Project
by

Abby Jyrkila

on 7 March 2011

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Transcript of Buddhism

Buddhism The world's 4th largest religion Or is it? Let's find out! Buddhism originated in northern India or southwest Nepal In the 6th century BC, Siddhartha Gautama, the first Buddha, founded Buddhism as a social outcry against the sufferings and inequality created by India's caste system But Buddhism is more of a philosophy than a religion So what makes Buddhism different? Well, a few things: Quick Facts! Four Sacred Sights 1. All living beings must endure suffering
2. Suffering, which is caused by a desire to live, leads to reincarnation
3. The goal of exsistence is to escape from suffering and the endless cycle of reincarnation in Nirvana
4. Nirvana is attained through an Eightfold Path which is a process of self-purification Buddhism = Universalizing
Buddhism appeals to everyone and tries to convert people Buddhism is hierarchical.
Monks and nuns are charged with preserving and spreading Buddhist teachings as well as educating and guiding Buddhist lay followers There are 3 main branches of Buddhism:
Mahayana - 56%, in China, Japan and Korea
Theravada - 38%, in Cambodia, Laos, Sri Lanka, and Thailand
Vajrayana - 6%, in Tibet and Mongolia Dharmacakra - "wheel of Doctrine/Law"
represents Buddha's teaching of the path to enlightenment The Buddhist lunisolar calendar has months that are alternately 29 and 30 days, with an intercalated day and a 30-day month added at regular intervals. Elaborate pagodas and temples combined with the well-known Buddha statues make up Buddhism's cultural landscape So where should we start this journey toward enlightenment? How about with the basics? Seems logical, right? YES! There is no god in Buddhism Buddhism is neither monotheistic or polytheistic; there is no belief in a single over arching god. Instead, followers of Buddhism believe in the sanctity of the self Through a process of self-purification, you are able to escape the continual cycle of suffering and reincarnation Only after you have reached a state of enlightenment (i.e. nirvana) are you free from all worldly concerns There is no holy book in Buddhism Instead, Buddhism has a collection of philosophic teachings called the Tripitaka Now that we've covered a few key differences, let's get to the meat of Buddhism The Four Noble Truths These are the foundations of Buddhism: Hierarchical or Autonomous? Universalizing or Ethnic? Buddhism spread through contagious diffusion, through monks, merchants, and missionaries into East and Southeast Asia Even though it originated in India, Buddhism is currently found in Southeast Asia, China, Mongolia, and Japan Now for some... Lumbini the birthplace of Buddha Bodh Gaya the place where Gautama Buddha achieved Enlightenment Sarnath Kusinara the place where Buddha first taught the Dharma the place of Buddha's death Well all good things must come to an end. Hopefully we were able to shed a little light on... Our bad, philosophy
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