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Theoretical stages of change
Transcript of Theoretical stages of change
With the modification of behavior, experiences, and environment , short-term changes lead to planning and long-term change.
Having no intention to take action in the foreseeable future, unaware or under-aware of a need for change.
Falling back into old ways or behaviors.
To be aware that a problem exists and seriously
thinking about overcoming it, yet has not
made a promise or commitment to do so.
With intentional behavior, comes the initiation of baby steps.
Keeping up the new change(s) and continuing to improve and modify the behavior.
Strategies to processing and maintaining change
1.Consciousness Raising - Increasing awareness about the healthy behavior.
2. Dramatic Relief - Emotional arousal about the health behavior, whether positive or negative arousal.
3. Self-Reevaluation - Self reappraisal to realize the healthy behavior is part of who they want to be.
4. Environmental Reevaluation - Social reappraisal to realize how their unhealthy behavior affects others.
5. Social Liberation - Environmental opportunities that exist to show society is supportive of the healthy behavior.
6. Self-Liberation - Commitment to change behavior based on the belief that achievement of the healthy behavior is possible.
7. Helping Relationships - Finding supportive relationships that encourage the desired change.
8. Counter-Conditioning - Substituting healthy behaviors and thoughts for unhealthy behaviors and thoughts.
9. Reinforcement Management - Rewarding the positive behavior and reducing the rewards that come from negative behavior.
10. Stimulus Control - constructing the environment to have reminders and cues that support and encourage healthy behaviors and remove those that encourage the unhealthy behavior.
Opposing critics conclude...
The TTM is flawed because little experimental evidence exists to suggest that the application of the model is actually associated with changes in health-related behaviors
The TTM assumes that an individual can make plans which are stable and rational
The lines between stages of change can be inconsistent with no set criteria as to how to determine which stage of change an individual is currently in
We can only assumed the amount of time needed for each stage, or how long a person can remain in a stage
The TTM model was developed by Prochaska and DiClemente during 1980's while researching the experiences of cigarette smokers who quit smoking. They were trying to discover why some individuals required treatment outside of themselves and how others were able to quit smoking on their own. This study determined that once a person was certain they were ready for change and made the decision to quit, they were successful in doing so.
Development of the TTM