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The Civil War

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Gabriela Abreu

on 13 September 2015

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Transcript of The Civil War

Union
VS
Confederate
The War Begins.....
Major battles of the Civil war
WHERE IT ALL ENDS
"Here is where the treason began and, by God, here is where it shall end."

1865 – General Sherman's troops (union) headed to
South Carolina
.

General Lee surrenders to Grant at Appomattox.

Lincoln is murdered.
-The pledge Abraham Lincoln made after winning the election regards slavery, caused for seven slave states in the deep South to form a new nation called, the Confederate States of America.

- In 1861 four more states joined.

First Battle of Bull Run
Preview: The first shots fired on Fort Sumter, South Carolina sparked the start of the nation's Civil War.

The Confederate States of America
WHY? WHEN?

Virginia
UNION = NORTH
- Bull run caused some Americans on both sides to suspect that winning might not be so easy.
-About 35,000 troops were involved on each side.
-
The confederates won
, and the union suffered about 2,900 casualties.
- The South became overconfident in defeating the north.
-Gettysburg, Pennsylvania July 1–July 3, 1863.
-
The largest battle of the American Civil War.
-South desperate for a decisive victory
-After aggressive attacks on the Union, Confederates had retreated, losing 28,000 soldiers
- Turning point of the war for Union
Antietam
-The two armies met at Antietam Creek near Sharpsburg Maryland, on September 17.
-Union troops attacked throughout the day, suffering heavy losses.
-The Battle of Antietam became the
bloodiest
day of the civil war.

- Lincoln issues Emaciation Proclamation
-On September 22, 1863 President Abraham Lincoln issued the preliminary
Emancipation Proclamation.
-He believed that the freed slaves would help fight for the Union Army.
-Changed the federal legal status of more than 3 million enslaved persons in the designated areas of the South from "slave" to "free.
-Gave confederacy a chance to turn over slavery in the war
- War on slavery now
Numerous factories and minerals
Winning major battles
Bringing down many confederates
Shorter supply lines
More motivation
Gain europeans
Defeat moral of union
Battle of Gettysburg
WAR STRATEGIES
WAR STRATEGIES
Emancipation Proclamation
TURNING POINTS
VICKSBURG
Preview: Also called the Siege of Vicksburg, was the culmination of a long land and naval campaign by Union forces to capture a key strategic position
-President Abraham Lincoln recognized the significance of the town situated on a 200-foot bluff above the Mississippi River.
-Vicksburg was the last major Confederate stronghold on the Mississippi River; therefore, capturing it completed the part of the Northern strategy

THE DIVIDED SOUTH
Loss of Vicksburg
- South lost control of the Mississippi River
- Supply line cut off for south
- 30,000 Confederate soldiers lost
RESOURCES
The

CIVIL WAR
originally started because of
Abraham Lincoln
winning the elections (1860)
Alabama
Florida
Georgia
Louisiana


Mississippi
South Carolina
Texas
Arkansas
North Carolina
Tennessee
Double the Railroads and
money to spend on



More people
CONFEDERACY = SOUTH
Better generals
Won First Battle of Bull Run
First Republican
President
US History Textbook
History Net: Where History Comes Alive - World & US History Online. Civil War Battles. 2015. Available at: http://www.historynet.com/civil-war-battles.
Civilwar.org. A Brief Overview of the American Civil War. 2015. Available at: http://www.civilwar.org/education/history/civil-war-overview/overview.html?referrer=https://www.google.com.do/.
prezi.com. The Civil War. 2015. Available at: https://prezi.com/3mvscrar2rlu/the-civil-war/.
Wikipedia. American Civil War. 2015. Available at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_Civil_War.
YouTube,. 'Top 10 Facts: The Civil War'. N.p., 2015. Web. 2 Sept. 2015.
YouTube,. 'How The Civil War Got Its Start'. N.p., 2015. Web. 2 Sept. 2015.
AFTER THE END
The 13th Amendment ended slavery in the US (forever!)

South farms and homes were in ruins.

Life was difficult for former slaves because they owned no land and no homes.

Many African-Americans moved to the North for better job opportunities, to escape segregation and discrimination, and for a better education.

What are things that come to your mind when you hear "Civil War"?
Important
WARM UP
facts
Lasted
4 years
(!!!)

Began when Confederates bombarded Union soldiers at Fort Sumter, South Carolina on April 12, 1861.

Approximately
620,000 soldiers died
from combat, accident, starvation, and disease.
...and the Reconstruction!!
The Northern armies were victorious
,
and the rebellious states returned to the Union.
Full transcript