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Poetry and TPCASTT
Transcript of Poetry and TPCASTT
Note shifts in tone, subject, attitude, mood, etc. What effect do these shifts have on the meaning of the poem?
Look at the title again now that you have read the poem. What do you think it means now?
What is the message of the poem? TPCASTT Title
Examine the title before reading the poem. What do you think the poem is about based on the title?
Put the poem in your own words. Paraphrase is more of a word-for-word translation than a summary TPCASTT I, too, sing America.
I am the darker brother.
They send me to eat in the kitchen
When company comes,
But I laugh,
And eat well,
And grow strong.
--Langston Hughes Examples Simile and metaphor
Symbol You should already know… Would I were sleep and peace, so sweet to rest!
What is this an example of?
Hint: sleep, peace, sweet Examples End rhyme: rhyme at the ends of lines
Internal rhyme: the rhyming of two or more words in the same line.
Slant rhyme: not an exact rhyme. Rhyme Narrative Poem: a poem that tells a story.
Ode: a poem written to praise someone or something or to mark an important occasion.
Lyric: a usually short, personal poem expressing emotions rather than telling a story.
Ballad: a type of narrative poem; usually consists of 4-line stanzas with the rhyme scheme abcb or abab; generally about historical events, tragic love, or tragic events Forms of Poetry Two households, both alike in dignity,
In fair Verona, where we lay our scene,
From ancient grudge break to new mutiny,
Where civil blood makes civil hands unclean.
From forth the fatal loins of these two foes
A pair of star-cross'd lovers take their life;
Whose misadventured piteous overthrows
Do with their death bury their parents' strife.
The fearful passage of their death-mark'd love,
And the continuance of their parents' rage,
Which, but their children's end, nought could remove, Is now the two hours' traffic of our stage;
The which if you with patient ears attend,
What here shall miss, our toil shall strive to mend. Examples English Sonnet: a 14-line poem consisting of three quatrains (four line stanzas) and ending in a couplet. The rhyme scheme of the English sonnet is abab cdcd efef gg. Forms of Poetry Italian Sonnet: a 14-line poem. The octave, the first 8 lines of the poem, rhymes abba abba. The last 6 lines, the sestet, rhyme cde cde. The octave usually poses a problem that is resolved in the sestet. Forms of Poetry Free Verse: poetry without a regular meter or rhyme
Blank Verse: poetry written in unrhymed iambic pentameter
Haiku: a poem, usually about nature, that consists of 5 syllables in the first line, 7 in the second, and 5 in the third Forms of Poetry Do not go gentle into that good night,
Old age should burn and rave at close of day;
Rage, rage against the dying of the light.
Though wise men at their end know dark is right,
Because their words had forked no lightning they
Do not go gentle into that good night.
--Dylan Thomas Rhyme Scheme We buried him high on the windy hill,
But his soul went out to sea.
I know, for I heard, when all was still,
His sea-soul say to me:
Put no tombstone at my head,
For here I do not make my bed.
Strew no flowers on my grave,
I’ve gone back to the wind and wave.
Do not, do not weep for me,
For I am happy with my sea. Death of an Old Seaman
By Langston Hughes A piece of art
A music video
They may not tell a story,
they may just convey an
emotion or image. Poems are like “Speech framed for its own sake and interest even over and above its interest of meaning.” –Gerald Manley Hopkins
“I would define poetry of words as the rhythmical creation of beauty.” Edgar Allan Poe
“Poetry is language that tells us, through more or less emotional reaction, something that cannot be said.” E.A.Robinson What is poetry? What makes something a poem?
How is it different from other styles
What does poetry do? What is Poetry? The apparition of these faces in the crowd; Petals on a wet, black bough.
By Ezra Pound In a Station of the Metro Connotation
Examine the author’s diction and use of figurative language. Why does the author choose certain words and what are the multiple meanings and/or connotations of those words.
What is the author or speakers attitude or tone? How do you know? TPCASTT title
theme TPCASTT What happens to a dream deferred?
Does it dry up
Like a raisin in the sun?
Or fester like a sore—
And then run?
Does it stink like rotten meat?
Or crust and sugar over—
like a syrupy sweet?
Maybe it just sags
like a heavy load.
Or does it explode?
--Langston Hughes Examples I should have been a pair of ragged claws
Scuttling across the floors of silent seas.
No! I am not Prince Hamlet, nor was meant to be;
--T.S. Eliot Examples Allusion: a reference to another famous work
Personification: giving human characteristics to that which is not human
Imagery: making pictures with words; imagery appeals to the sense of taste, smell, hearing, sight, and touch. Poetry Terms Onomatopoeia: the use of words whose sound imitates the sound of the thing being named. (buzz, hiss, boom, etc.)
Assonance: the close repetition of vowel sounds.
Consonance: the repetition of consonant sounds in the middle or ends of words.
Alliteration: the repetition of the same sound usually at the beginning of the words. Poetry Terms As a fond mother, when the day is o’er,
Leads by the hand her little child to bed,
Half willing, half reluctant to be led,
And leave his broken playthings on the floor,
Still gazing at them through the open door,
Nor wholly reassured and comforted
By promises of others in their stead,
Which, though more splendid, may not please him more;
So Nature deals with us, and takes away
Our playthings one by one, and by the hand
Leads us to rest so gently, that we go
Scarce knowing if we wish to go or stay,
Being too full of sleep to understand
How far the unknown transcends the what we know. Nature
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow But, soft! what light through yonder window breaks? 3 It is the east, and Juliet is the sun.
4 Arise, fair sun, and kill the envious moon,
5 Who is already sick and pale with grief,
6 That thou, her maid, art far more fair than she.
7 Be not her maid, since she is envious;
8 Her vestal livery is but sick and green
9 And none but fools do wear it; cast it off.
10 It is my lady, O, it is my love!
11 O, that she knew she were!
12 She speaks yet she says nothing; what of that?
13 Her eye discourses; I will answer it.
14 I am too bold, 'tis not to me she speaks. What form is this? Do not go gentle into that good night, A
Old age should burn and rave at close of day; B
Rage, rage against the dying of the light. A
Though wise men at their end know dark is right, A
Because their words had forked no lightning they B
Do not go gentle into that good night. A Rhyme Scheme Then, methought, the air grew denser, perfumed from an unseen censer
Swung by Seraphim whose foot-falls tinkled on the tufted floor.
`Wretch,' I cried, `thy God hath lent thee - by these angels he has sent thee
Respite - respite and nepenthe from thy memories of Lenore!
Quaff, oh quaff this kind nepenthe, and forget this lost Lenore!'
Quoth the raven, `Nevermore.'
`Prophet!' said I, `thing of evil! - prophet still, if bird or devil! -
Whether tempter sent, or whether tempest tossed thee here ashore,
Desolate yet all undaunted, on this desert land enchanted -
On this home by horror haunted - tell me truly, I implore -
Is there - is there balm in Gilead? - tell me - tell me, I implore!'
Quoth the raven, `Nevermore.'
`Prophet!' said I, `thing of evil! - prophet still, if bird or devil!
By that Heaven that bends above us - by that God we both adore -
Tell this soul with sorrow laden if, within the distant Aidenn,
It shall clasp a sainted maiden whom the angels named Lenore -
Clasp a rare and radiant maiden, whom the angels named Lenore?'
Quoth the raven, `Nevermore.'
From “The Raven” by E.A. Poe Stanza: a group of lines in a poem.
Refrain: a phrase, line, or group of lines repeated in a poem
Couplet: two consecutive lines of poetry that rhyme Poetry Terms We are not trying to figure out what the author meant.
We are analyzing the author’s diction and imagery to interpret the meaning.
There are many correct answers, but there are WRONG answers.
What makes an answer “correct” when interpreting poetry is the evidence from
the poem itself. When we read poetry Anything that can be explained is not
poetry.—William Butler Yeats
A poem should not mean
but be. Genuine poetry can communicate
before it is understood—T.S. Eliot
(think about the woman in 451 crying…) By Ms. Diamond Poetry By Ms. Diamond POETRY Poetry