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Islam

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by

Mr J Daykin

on 21 May 2014

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Transcript of Islam

Calendar
Muslims' have their own special calendar. It is a "lunar" calendar, based on the cycles of the moon.

The muslim year is about eleven days shorter than the modern calendar so the exact date of Ramadan changes every year. In 1995 it started on 31st January. In 2010 was on 11 August.
What do they wear?
For men they wear the following:
Thobe- A loose, long-sleeved, ankle-length dress for men, worn in Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, and other countries in that region. Summer thobes are white and made of cotton, and winter thobes can be darker and made of wool. In some countries, this garment is called a dishdasha.

Tagiyah-A white knitted skull cap worn under the Ghutra.

Ghutra-A square scarf, made of cotton or silk, folded in a triangle and worn over the Tagiyah. It is either all white or red and white checked. There is no significance placed on which kind the man wears.

Agal-A thick, double, black cord that is worn on the top of the Ghutra to hold it in place.

For women they wear the following:
Abaya-long black robe that covers you from head to toe. It can be made of silk or cotton and can light or heavy. It can also be loose and flowing or wrapped around the entire body.

Hijab-headscarf that covers the woman's hair and neck. It has to be long enough to cover the entire head and all of the hair.

Niqab-face veil which is worn by some Muslim women and girls who have turned 9 years old.
What is Ramadan?
Ramadan is a special festival for muslims. It involves fasting and praying to God.

Fasting is when you do not eat for up to 20 hours.Muslims wake up in the middle of the night to eat and pray. Then the fast starts at sunrise. Fasting carries on for one month.

Ramadan comes around in late August to early September. Ramadan finishes when the moon is full and Eid has started.
What do they eat?
Muslims eat special food such as Biriyani, which is rice with bits of chicken in it. You can have this with a special chutney.

They eat lamb chops with chappati or they can have curry with chappati. They also eat samosas, spring rolls and puff pastries with all sorts of vegetables in it.

To end the fast the muslims have a date to eat; Muslims call it kajay. Muslims drink falooda, lassi and sherbert which is like a milkshake. They also have a special sweet called matai.
Watching and waiting
By the 29th day of Ramadan, everyone is wondering when the new moon will appear in the sky.This will signal the complete end of fasting and the start of a very happy festival.In some years the moon does not appear until the 30th day, which means a whole extra day of fasting.
A little lesson on how to cook pakoras
2 large onions
2 tbsp of corriander
Salt
1/2 tsp baking powder
4 tbsp gram flour
Sunflower or vegetable oil for frying
Put the gram flour in the bowl.Mix with about 8 tbsp water to make paste. Make sure paste is soft.Add thechopped corriander and mix with onions and paste.Add baking powder and salt.Add batter into hot oil and deep fry until crispy and golden. Turn the pakoras to fry bothe sides.Drain the oil on a kitchen towel. NOW ITS READY TO EAT!!!!!
This is a date
This is what they eat
Ramadan
By: Shajaniga,Hameem,Raihan,Amna,Adam,Jacek,Aneesh and Simran
Eid Mubarak
What do they eat on Eid?
Muslims eat special foods such as Roti, Rice, Samosas, Spring rolls, Jalebi, Halal Meat, Date, Sherbet, Curry, Naan bread, Pita bread and much more.
What is Eid?

Eid is a festival, which Muslims celebrate on the last day of Ramadan, which is in September.

Many Muslims have a big feast after fasting. Every Muslim celebrates Eid but first they read a special prayer (Namaaz) in the mosque except for the women.

More information on Eid
IT'S QUIZ TIME!
1.) Name one of the most common foods?
2.)Name one piece of clothing that Muslims wear?
3.) What is the holy book for Muslims?
4.) When do Muslim's celebrate Eid?
The word ''Eid'' has evolved to mean a festivity. The word ''fitr'' is the root of the word ''iftar'' (breaking the fast) and marks the end of the fasting month.


Muslims celebrate because God has allowed them to participate in and complete the month of fasting and spiritual reflection. Muslims celebrate the fact that God, in His infinite mercy and wisdom, may accept their deeds and reward them.

At Eid, the imam (the leader who reads the prayers) reads the Quran.

The Quran is the main book of Islam and Muslims respect it so much they have to wash their hands before holding it. This is called Wudhu. You also have to do Wudhu before you read the prayer for Eid. The Quran was revealed by the prophet Muhammad

The Holy Book
Answers to the quiz
1.) Roti, Rice, Samosa, Spring rolls, Jalebi, Date, Sherbet, Curry, Naan bread, Pita bread, Biriyani, Lamb chops, Puff pastries, Lassi, Matai and Pakora.
2.) Thobe, Dishdasha, Tagiyah, Ghutra, Agal, Abaya, Hijab and Niqab.
3.)The Quran
4.)August to September.

Our Interfaith Week religion is Islam. We are going to tell you about the festivals Eid and Ramadan.
Full transcript