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Tahlie Snehotta

on 10 October 2014

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Transcript of Immunisation

What's the issue?
Key Stakeholders & Our Views on Immunisation
The Issue

Medical and scientific evidence demonstrates benefits

Opponents claim vaccinations do not work

Why is it contentious?

Concern of effectiveness and safety of vaccines outweighing benefits

Groups, such as the Australian Vaccination Network (AVN) believe that they show the ‘other side of the story’.

Arguments for & against Immunisation

Eradication of smallpox

Plan to eradicate polio


Scientifically proven that benefits outweigh costs

Increased herd immunity

Key Stakeholders



Anti-Vaccination Groups
Our personal views on Immunisation???
We all strongly believe that vaccination is a must!!!!

All anit-vaccinaion groups are bringing back the PREVENTABLE diseases and influencing parents not to vaccinate.
Our reasons why vaccinations are essential
Statistics demonstrate the strengths of immunisation.

Eradication of preventable contagious diseases

Economic benefits

Herd Immunity
Sociological lenses

Marxism- media capitalism (Kenix, 2012)

Symbolic interactionism- subjective meanings that parents impose on vaccination

Functionalism- families to maintain social order

Goffman’s theory on stigma – labeling the most five dangerous places to have baby


Cultural theory of risk- (Dougals & Wildavsky, 1982)


Australian Vaccination Network. (2013). General Vaccination Information. Accessed on 29th September 2013, Retrieved from http://avn.org.au/vaccination-information/general-vaccination-information/

Bonhoeffer, J., & Heininger, U. (2007). Adverse events following immunisation: perception and evidence. Current Opinion on Iinfectious Diseases, 20, 327-246.

Centre for Disease Control and Prevention. (2013). Vaccines and Immunisations. Accessed 29th September 2013, Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/vac-gen/6mishome.htm

Department of Education and Early Childhood Development, (DEECD). (2013). Research: Increased Rates of Immunisation. Retrieved From: http://www.education.vic.gov.au/about/research/pages/immunisation1.aspx [Accessed On: 29.9.13]

Department of Health. (2013). Immunisation. Accessed on 29th September 2013, Retrieved from http://www.health.gov.au/internet/immunise/publishing.nsf/Content/faq#1

Dougals, M., & Wildavsky, A. (1982). Risk and culture: An essay on the selection of technical and environmental dangers. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press

Fenner, F., Henderson, D., Arita, I., Jezek, Z., & Ladnyi, I. (1988). Smallpox and it’s eradication. History of International Public Health, 6, 1-4.

Fine, P. (1993). Herd Immunity: History, Theory, Practice. Epidemiologic Reviews. 15 (2). USA

Gates Foundation. (2013). Polio. Accessed 20th September 2013, Retrieved from http://www.gatesfoundation.org/What-We-Do/Global-Development/Polio

Kenix, L. J (2012). Subverting the Marxist Paradigm: Vaccination discourse in New Zealand mainstream and alternative online media. Journal of International Communication, 18(1), 79-96.

Dougals, M., & Wildavsky, A. (1982). Risk and culture: An essay on the selection of technical and environmental dangers. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press

United Nations (2013). GOAL 4:REDUCE CHILD MORTALITY. Retrieved From: http://www.un.org/millenniumgoals/childhealth.shtml [Accessed On: 29.9.13]

Wallace, A. (2009, October 19). An epidemic of fear: How panicked parents skipping shots endangers us all. Wired, Accessed 29th September 2013, Retrieved fromhttp://www.wired.com/magazine/2009/10/ff_waronscience/

Wolfe, R., & Sharp, L. (2002). Anti-vaccinationists past and present. British Medical Journal, 325, 430-432.

‘since 2000, measles vaccines have averted over 10 million deaths’.

Improved sanitation and hygiene has decreased rates of infectious disease, not vaccinations
Hypotheses that vaccinations cause a range of diseases
Vaccinations are not safe

According to the AVN:
Autoimmune and neurological disorders are increasing due to increasing vaccinations required by children.
Vaccinations contain mercury, and are therefore causing harm to children.

The AVN bring upon conflict between
key stakeholders. (Marxism Theory)
Are we just being bias?
Full transcript