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Australia and WW1 Prezi

A presentation of Australias involvment in WW1

Patrick Lee

on 20 September 2010

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Transcript of Australia and WW1 Prezi

Australia And WW1 Australia, as a colony of Great Britain was called to war when the British went to war. There was massive enthuisiasm for the war with many young men joining to fight the "Hun"(a racist term for Germans in those days) The young men also wanted to see the world and were looking for approval from peers. The first engagement with the enemy that the newly made AIF(Australian Imperial Force) had was at Gallipoli in an operation to remove the stalemate in the trenches at the western front. To explain the reasons for this campaign we must first look at what was happening in Europe. War in Europe: The Allied forces of Britain, France and Russia were at war with the Axis forces of Turkey, Germany and Austria-Hungary. It started when the Serbian Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife were shot dead by Serbian nationalists. The tensions between the powers in Europe were massive and in a matter of days most of those major powers had their armies fully mobilised. Trench warfare: As the armies moved to engage each other they dug massive kilometre long trenches to defend against attacks. While great for defense, both sides had trenches and would take massive waves of attritional warfare to take one. With machine guns defending the trench thousands of soldiers died on the mad runs. Also the unsanitary conditions made disease abundant and many men died in the the trenches. The area in between the trenches was called no-mans land and every few afternoons the two armies would sign a ceasefireto bury their dead. It was a horrible place. So the British government and Admiralties devised a plan. They would assault the Gallipoli peninsula to take the guns that protected the Dardenelles strait adn advance in on Turkeys government,taking Turkey out of the war and providing a safe trade route to Russia. However when the ANZACs landed they landed at the wrong beach and were met with heavy resistance and rugged terrain. Over the next few months the Allied forces would gain little territory and succeed in nothing. Many men died trying to take the infamous Nek and Lone Pine. After a very successful evacuation the ANZAC forces were taken to Europe. An example of a machine gun in WW1. Notice the gas masks used to protect from mustard gas, a deadly gas that rapidly spread m Animosity towrds Germans: In Australia and many other Allied nations anyone of German descent was given less human rights and put in internment camps. This hatred towards the German people would go on to last until the 1920s. German families however encouraged their sons to sign up for the AIF to show their love for Australia. A layout of a typical trench Women at war: The women still had the same jobs they had before the war, however some were placed in factories to replace the shortage of men. Women were also nurses on the battlefield behind trenches and while safer than being in the trenches, some still suffered from mental trauma with all the bombings and the amount of wounded rushing to their aid. Flanders Field: In Belgium during the 1970s, there was another Allied offensive. It involved breaking through the German lines to find the berthed German U-voats that wereinport and capture them. However the muddy conditions made it very hard for the Allied supplies to get through and the tough defense the Germans put up cut down swathes of Allied soldiers. It is reported that the General who spearheaded this operation, upon arriving at the battlefield took one lookat the conditions and said "Good God, didwe reallysend our men into that?" witha tear in his eye. An image of just one of the many graveyards at Flanders Field. The ANZACs played a massive role in this operation. The Somme: The Somme was an area in France. This operation involved breaking through the German lines and break the stalemate in the war. On the first thousands of Allied soldiers were slaughtered as they ran blindlyinto enemy fire. The role the ANZACs played in this campaign was to take the town of Poziersfrom German occupation. The ANZACs successfully did this however in the attempts made by the Germans to retake the town cost the lives of alot more men. At the end of the operation the only gain the Allies had was a measly 1.5km. The average British and Australian soldier didnt have much trust in the British war cabinet after this. The Conscription Issue: Back in Australia, William Hughes the Prime Minister at the time proposed toAustralia conscription. He believed that we neede to send more men to the Western Front to support our troops, and to show Australias commitment to the war. He was met with heavy resistance as many believed that it would steal mens jobs and that there would be less working men. Dr Daniel Mannix was oneof the strongest speakers against conscription and believed that onlythe poor would have to go. It was a close vote with the "No" vote just gaining the majority. He tried again but it was the same result. The "No" vote winning. The end of the war: In 1917 the Americans entered the war on the Allied side, however the Russians left following the Bolshevik Revolution. In 1918 as the Allies were slowly gaining more ground, the Germans launched a final Spring Offensive. With it failing the German people revolted and bought in a new government who signed an armistice on the 11th of November 1918. With millions of people dieing it was the most devastating and destructive war of the time. Many believed that a war like that wouldnt happen again was false. In 1939 WW2 started and proved to be much more destructive.
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