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Decades Of Achievement (Canada)

Ontario Heritage Fair 2013
by

Ramanpreet Kaur

on 22 April 2016

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Transcript of Decades Of Achievement (Canada)

Decades Of Achievement 1920-1929 1960-1967 1968-2000 1914-1919 1946-1959 Captain Arthur Roy Brown The Halifax Explosion The Gas Mask -Captian was born on December 23, 1893 at Carleton Place, Ontario. -He was a Royal Air Force officer and a Canadian World War I flying ace. -He was officially credited by RAF for shooting down Manfred Von Richthofen (Red Baron): a German Ace on 21 April 1918. -The explosion took place on December 6, 1917 in Halifax—city of Nova Scotia - In the morning, the French Munitions ship, Mont Blanc, collided with the Belgium Relief Vessel Imo and the Mont Blanc caught fire. -The sound of explosion was heard as far away as Prince Edwards Islands. It was the largest non-atomic explosion in history -Over 1600 Canadian were killed and 9000 were injured. -The Gas Mask was invented by Doctor Cluny MacPherson, who was a Canadian Physician and soldier, in 1915 at St. John's, Newfoundland -It was invented out of necessity after the Battle of Ypres where Germans used poisonous Chlorine gas -It was used by soldiers to protect themselves from breathing poisonous Chlorine gas. -The original mask was made out of fabric and metal, along with canvas hood, eyepieces and a breathing tube The Group of Seven -The Group of Seven consisted best known Canadian who came together in 1920. The Person’s Case -A women group called Alberta’s “Famous Five” became successful in the consideration of women as persons in 1928 Invention of Insulin -Insulin was invented by a Canadian Doctor named Sir Frederick Grant Banting, with the assistance of Professor J. Macleod, Charles Best, and Dr. J. B. Collip in 1921 in Toronto. -The members in the group included: Franklin Carmichael, A. Y. Jackson ,Frank Johnston , Arthur Lismer, J. E. H. MacDonald, and Frederick Varley. -They used very deep, bold and striking colors. -Other Canadian artists like A.J. Casson, Emily Carr, and David Milne got inspired by their painting style . -Canada's Constitution outlined the qualification of person in order to be eligible for any government jobs. So, no woman was yet appointed for government position. -In 1928, this case was sent to Canada’s supreme Court; however, court ruled that the word "Persons" only referred to only male persons. -In 1929, the case was taken to the privy council in Britain. Britain ruled that women were persons and were qualified for Senate appointments. -Hence, after this case, Canadian women was eligible to be appointed for government job. -Insulin is a cure for Diabetes. It controls the sugar level in the body and brings body back to normal condition. Before the discovery of insulin, diabetes was a feared disease that most certainly led to death. -In 1921, it was tested on a dog, and in 1922, on a 14-year old boy suffering from diabetes. After six weeks, insulin controlled boy's diabetes. The Donne Quintuplets - The Donne Quintuplets were born to Elzire Dionne on May 28, 1934 in Callander, Ontario On-to-Ottawa Trek -In 1935, the relief camp workers in British Columbia went on a strike to Ottawa, demanding better working conditions and higher wages,. Invention Of Table Hockey -Table Hockey was invented by Donald Munro in 1932 in Toronto, Ontario 1930-1938 -They are the first quintuplets known to survive their infancy. -After four months, the quintuplets were separated from their family and were kept in a theme park called “Quintland”. -The Canadian government made $350 million through significant tourist attraction in Ontario -Prime Minister Robert B. Bennett ordered RCMP to stop the strikes in Regina, Saskatchewan -During the riot, 40 people were injured and 130 were arrested. -However, the wage were then raised to 40¢ per hour. -The original Table hockey was made out of wood, since Munro could not afford expensive materials due to depression. -The original game looked more like an early pinball game. William Lyon Mackenzie King -King was born on December 17, 1874 in Berlinn, Ontario Japanese Canadian Interment Invention Of G-suit 1939-1945 -He was Canada’s Prime Minister during World War II -With 22 years in office, he was the longest-serving Prime Minister in Canada. -During WWII, King bettered the relationships between Canada and United States by signing agreement with Franklin Roosevelt(U.S.A’s Prime Minister) for close cooperation of Canadian and American forces -During WWII, king helped to end the depression by mobilizing the economy for war, which resulted in impressive industrial and agricultural output. -The internment began in January 1942, following the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor -The Canadian Government was then suspicious of Japanese. So, 22,000 Japanese Canadians were sent to detention camps and were treated like slave. -Japanese Canadians did not have any rights, so they could not legally refuse to obey laws. -The Canadian government sold their houses and left over household articles in auction. -G-suit was invented by a team led by Wilbur Rounding Franks at the University of Toronto in 1941. -Gravity suit is a suit worn by pilots and astronauts to counteract gravity and acceleration. -These suits were worn by Word War II pilots to prevent them from getting unconscious due to acceleration in gravity Barbara Ann Scott King -Barbara Ann was born on May 9, 1928, in Ottawa, Ontario. Newfoundland and Labrador -Newfoundland joined confederation in 30th March, 1949. Invention Of Electric Wheelchair -The electric wheelchair was invented by George Johann Klein in 1952 at the National Research Council of Canada -She was two-time World champion (1947–1948). -She was the only Canadian to have won the 1948 Olympic ladies' singles gold medal in figure skating -She was called “Canada’s Sweetheart.” -The wheelchair propelled by means of an electric motor -This invention truly assisted injured veterans in World War II Canadarm's Launch into Outer Space Canada’s Flag Invention of Instant Mashed Potatoes Terrance Stanley "Terry" Fox Jean Lesage Invention Of Blackberry -Newfoundland was one of the oldest British colonies, and became Canada’s newest province. -After World War 2, relationships between Canada and Newfoundland improved -The referendums held in 1948 showed that a majority of Newfoundlanders agreed to join confederation. -Then finally, on 31 March 1949, Newfoundlanders became Canadian citizens - On, February 15, 1965 Canada adopted the Maple Leaf as its official symbol for its flag. -The flag was designed by George Stanley and John Matheson, based on the flag of the Royal Military College of Canada -The Canadian Red Ensign had been unofficially used since the 1890s -In 1964, Canada's Prime Minister Lester B. Pearson appointed a committee to develop an official flag for Canada. -Mashed potatoes were invented by Edward Asselbergs, a Canadian food chemist, in 1962 at Canadian Department of Agriculture in Ottawa. -Mashed potatoes have to go through a process of flaking to avoid lumping -Hence, Edward Asselbergs put a new spin on our biggest vegetable crop:potatoes. -They are eaten with bread, bagels, and used as soup thickens or gravy. -Terry Fox was born on July 28, 1958 in Winnipeg, Manitoba, -He was a Canadian athlete, humanitarian, and cancer activist. -On April 12, 1980 with one leg amputated, he started to ran across Canada to raise money and awareness for cancer research. -He ran 5,373 Km in 143 days. His journey was called “Marathon of hope." -$500 million has been raised for cancer research in name of Terry Fox:a Canadian. -The first Blackberry phone was invented by Mike Lazaridis, the president of a Canadian company: “Research In Motion,” in 1999 -Blackberry is a wireless handheld device used to send and receive push email and instant messages. -The name was chosen due to the resemblance of the keyboard's buttons to that of the droplets that compose the blackberry fruit. - Quiet Revoution was the period of rapid change experienced in Québec from 1960 to 1966 because Jean Lesage (liberal leader) won the 1960 election. -Québecers wanted a change; they wanted to achieve full equality in Canadian partnership. -Through Jean Lesages's dedication, the education and medical system was then ran by the government, which were under Catholic Church's control before. Also, women were given equal rights as men. - -Jean Lesage was born on 10 June 1912 in Montreal, Quebec. -He was a lawyer and politician in Quebec. -He is regarded as the father of "Quiet Revolution." -Canadarm, Canada's most famous robotic and technological achievement, was launched into outer space via the Space Shuttle Columbia (STS-2) on November 13, 1981. - This event marked the beginning of Canada's close collaboration with NASA on international bases. -The main job of Canadarm is to place satellites into their proper orbit and to retrieve malfunctioning ones for repair. Submitted by:
Ramanpreet Chauhan Submitted to:
Mrs. Riddell Submitted on:
June 5, 2013 Course Code:
CHC2D1
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