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Elements of Short Stories

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by

Constance Luna

on 22 August 2014

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Transcript of Elements of Short Stories

A symbol is a person, place, or object that has a literal meaning and also stands for something larger, such as an idea or emotion.
WHAT IS A SYMBOL?

Third person POV
: an outside narrator tells the story using the pronoun they, he, or she.
WHAT IS POINT OF VIEW?


A flat character shows only one trait
LITERARY TERMS TO CLASSIFY CHARACTERS
Character traits describe a protagonist or antagonist.
WHAT ARE CHARACTER TRAITS?


Two types of characters:
WHAT IS CHARACTER?
Conflict is a struggle between two opposing forces.
It is the problem that moves the plot.
WHAT IS CONFLICT?
Exposition
: provides background information

Rising Action
: sequence of events that lead to the climax

Climax
: almost always reaches a point of highest dramatic tension or turning point in the action

Falling Action
: follows the climax

Resolution
: occurs at the end of the plot
HOW DOES EACH ELEMENT OF THE PLOT CONTRIBUTE THE SHORT STORY?

Two types of plot development:

Linear plot
– when events are revealed in the order in which they appear


Non-linear plot –
when sequence of events in the plot are interrupted. Flashbacks, sub-plots, and parallel plots can be used with non-linear plots
WHAT IS PLOT?
Theme is not the same as the subject of the work.
WHAT IS THEME?
ELEMENTS OF A SHORT STORY

The place can either be real or imaginary
WHAT IS SETTING?
Cause: is and event, action, or feeling that produces a result.

Effect: is the result produced. A single cause may produce several effects.
Cause and Effect
Most themes are implied and not stated directly in works of literature.
Theme is the main idea that the author wants to convey about human experience or the human condition.
How do I determine theme?
A series of related events that make up a story or drama.
Denouement
Plot Development Visual
Time can be historical or chronological time
Setting is the place and/or time in most literary texts.
Internal conflict
is a struggle within the mind of one character
Man vs. self
External conflict
is the struggle between two characters: individual and a group, or between a character and a force of nature.
Man vs. man Man vs. nature
Man vs. technology
Man vs. society Man vs. fate
Character is who or what drives the literary text
Characters can be people, animals, natural objects , or supernatural objects
some are villains that oppose the protagonist
Protagonist:
some are heroes or the principle characters
Antagonist:
What motivates a character?
Motivation is the reason behind a characters action
Some characters are motivated by emotional, physical, or mental needs.
emotional
personal (moral, ethical, evil, wealthy, poor)
physical
Some traits are:
A dynamic character develops and grows during the course of the story
A static character does not change
A round character shows many different traits; faults as well as virtues
Point of view is the vantage point from which the story is told (narrator).

Third-person omniscient POV
: an outside narrator knows the thoughts and actions of all the characters.
First person POV
: a character tells the story using the pronoun I .

Third person limited POV
: the story is told through the thoughts if one character. The reader only sees the story through that character’s eyes.
Can you think of any examples?
Symbols may be specific to a literary work or universal.
Inferences are logical assumptions about information
or ideas that are not directly stated in a piece of writing.

When you make COMPLEX INFERENCES about a text, you use textual evidence, such as details and clues, to develop ideas about unstated information anc concepts.
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