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The American Enlightenment

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Jacob Sanchez

on 15 September 2011

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Transcript of The American Enlightenment

The American Enlightenment The Enlightenment Comes to America Starting in 1688 The American Enlightenment, which is generally dated from the Glorious Revolution of 1688, was, however, an uneven affair. In part, it involved the exporting of scientific, social, and political ideas from Britain, but also involved the exporting of radical and marginal ideas, such as the republicanism of the "commonwealthmen." In almost all cases, however, the American Enlightenment did not mean the abandonment of the radical Protestant ideas that originally inspired the settlement of America, but started a long process of secularizing these religious ideas. Starting when british overthrowing King James II Focal Points of the American Enlightenment Natural goodness of human beings Perfectibility of human race Emphasis of reason Equality before the law and the right to individual liberty Tolerance Universal brotherhood of all rational beings Science/ progress Learning What is the Glorious Revoloution? The colonists had suffered under James II more than the English. James had refused to recognized colonial charters, did not allow colonists any say over laws and taxes, and seemed to rule with an iron fist. In many ways, James' treatment of the colonies mirrored his growing independence of the English Parliament. John Locke The father of liberalism an English philosopher and physician regarded as one of the most influential of Enlightenment thinkers. The most important political theories in the American Enlightenment were to come from Jhon Lockes two treaty's on government and the work of English republican group called the "commonwealthmen" Leaders in the American Enlightenment One of the founding fathers of the United States of America.
Benjamin Franklin lead the science part of the American Enlightenment
with his discovery of electricity in 1750. Franklin was foundational in defining the American ethos as a marriage of the practical and democratic values of thrift, hard work, education, community spirit, self-governing institutions, and opposition to authoritarianism both political and religious, with the scientific and tolerant values of the Enlightenment.
Thomas Paine wrote some key books in the American Enlightenment
he wrote the Common Sense, the American crisis, The rights of man,
Agrarian Justice, and the age of reason.
He became notorious because of The Age of Reason (1793), his book advocating deism, promoting reason and free thinking and arguing against institutionaliazed religious and christian doctrines Thomas Jefferson Benjamin Franklin Thomas Paine The third President of the United States
Thomas Jefferson the principal author of the Declaration of Independence (1776). As a political philosopher, Jefferson was a man of the Enlightenment and knew many intellectual leaders in Britain and France. He idealized the independent farmer as exemplar of republican virtues, distrusted cities and financiers, and favored states' rights and a strictly limited federal government. Religon in the American Enlightenment Both the Moderate Enlightenment and a Radical or Revolutionary Enlightenment were reactions against the authoritarianism, irrationality and obscurantism of the established churches. Christianity was depicted as a tool of tyrants and oppressors and as being used to defend monarchism, it was seen as hostile to the development of reason and the progress of science and incapable of verification. Whilst the Radical or Revolutionary Enlightenment thinkers, such as Diderot and d'Holbach, advocated atheism, the philosophers of the Moderate Enlightenment preferred Deism – which they saw as a resolution of the conflict between religion and science. Deism Deism is the philosophical belief in a deity based on reason, rather than religious revelation or dogma. It was a popular perception among the philosophes, who adopted deistic attitudes to varying degrees. Deism, in this respect, is very different from atheism, which denies the existence of a deity altogether. The principal link between the Deism of the European Enlightenment and the American Enlightenment is Thomas Paine's The Age of Reason, whose views on religion were shared by Thomas Jefferson. Deism greatly influenced the thought of intellectuals and Founding Fathers, including James Madison, John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Alexander Hamilton and George Washington. TimeLine 1668- Glorious Revolution 1689-John Locke Writes a letter concerning toleration 1689-Two Treatises of Government 1690-An Essay Concerning Human Understanding 1750-Benjamin Franklin discovers electricty 1763-American Revolution Starts 1776-Thomas Jefferson help writes the declration of independence 1776-Thomas Paine Writes Common Sense Jacob Sanchez
Angel Perez
Jose Sanchez Thany you :)
By: But where says some is the King of America? I'll tell you Friend, he reigns above, and doth not make havoc of mankind like the Royal Brute of Britain...let it be brought forth placed on the divine law, the word of God; let a crown be placed thereon, by which the world may know, that so far as we approve of monarchy, that in America THE LAW IS KING.
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