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The American Enlightenment
Transcript of The American Enlightenment
Benjamin Franklin lead the science part of the American Enlightenment
with his discovery of electricity in 1750. Franklin was foundational in defining the American ethos as a marriage of the practical and democratic values of thrift, hard work, education, community spirit, self-governing institutions, and opposition to authoritarianism both political and religious, with the scientific and tolerant values of the Enlightenment.
Thomas Paine wrote some key books in the American Enlightenment
he wrote the Common Sense, the American crisis, The rights of man,
Agrarian Justice, and the age of reason.
He became notorious because of The Age of Reason (1793), his book advocating deism, promoting reason and free thinking and arguing against institutionaliazed religious and christian doctrines Thomas Jefferson Benjamin Franklin Thomas Paine The third President of the United States
Thomas Jefferson the principal author of the Declaration of Independence (1776). As a political philosopher, Jefferson was a man of the Enlightenment and knew many intellectual leaders in Britain and France. He idealized the independent farmer as exemplar of republican virtues, distrusted cities and financiers, and favored states' rights and a strictly limited federal government. Religon in the American Enlightenment Both the Moderate Enlightenment and a Radical or Revolutionary Enlightenment were reactions against the authoritarianism, irrationality and obscurantism of the established churches. Christianity was depicted as a tool of tyrants and oppressors and as being used to defend monarchism, it was seen as hostile to the development of reason and the progress of science and incapable of verification. Whilst the Radical or Revolutionary Enlightenment thinkers, such as Diderot and d'Holbach, advocated atheism, the philosophers of the Moderate Enlightenment preferred Deism – which they saw as a resolution of the conflict between religion and science. Deism Deism is the philosophical belief in a deity based on reason, rather than religious revelation or dogma. It was a popular perception among the philosophes, who adopted deistic attitudes to varying degrees. Deism, in this respect, is very different from atheism, which denies the existence of a deity altogether. The principal link between the Deism of the European Enlightenment and the American Enlightenment is Thomas Paine's The Age of Reason, whose views on religion were shared by Thomas Jefferson. Deism greatly influenced the thought of intellectuals and Founding Fathers, including James Madison, John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Alexander Hamilton and George Washington. TimeLine 1668- Glorious Revolution 1689-John Locke Writes a letter concerning toleration 1689-Two Treatises of Government 1690-An Essay Concerning Human Understanding 1750-Benjamin Franklin discovers electricty 1763-American Revolution Starts 1776-Thomas Jefferson help writes the declration of independence 1776-Thomas Paine Writes Common Sense Jacob Sanchez
Jose Sanchez Thany you :)
By: But where says some is the King of America? I'll tell you Friend, he reigns above, and doth not make havoc of mankind like the Royal Brute of Britain...let it be brought forth placed on the divine law, the word of God; let a crown be placed thereon, by which the world may know, that so far as we approve of monarchy, that in America THE LAW IS KING.