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Transcript of Typological Profiling
AQA Examination Question - 12 marks
Describe and evaluate one or more approaches to offender profiling.
How are geographical and typological offender profiling similar and different?
Use of categories/types
Types of crime applicable
Compare and contrast…
What problems can you identify with the FBI’s approach to offender profiling?
Assumptions about stable types
Small and unusual sample
Validity of methodology
Narrative & anecdotal evidence
Problems with typological profiling
Use the evidence to construct a profile
Organised or disorganised
Known characteristics of serial offenders
Your profile should…
Tell the story of the crime
Describe the person responsible
Profile these crime scenes
Types of crime scene
Developed by the US Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) in the 1970s and 1980s.
There are different types of offender
Behavioural evidence can tell us which type of offender committed a crime
Knowing an offender’s type allows us to predict other things about him
Generally used in cases of serial violence against strangers esp. sexual or ‘bizarre’
Typological offender profiling
Things that tells us how an offender went about committing a crime
The idea that a person’s behaviour at a crime scene is consistent with their behaviour in other contexts
Two important ideas
What does this crime scene tell you about the offender responsible?
Hypotheses about crime sequence, offender & victim behaviour etc.
Profilers decide whether the crime scene is organised or disorganised
Data compiled from police reports, post mortems, crime scene photos etc.
Offender’s physical, demographic and behavioural characteristics
FBI profiling process