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Typological Profiling

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by

mark williams

on 18 June 2013

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Transcript of Typological Profiling

Typological Profiling
AQA Examination Question - 12 marks
Describe and evaluate one or more approaches to offender profiling.

How are geographical and typological offender profiling similar and different?
Purpose
Assumptions
Use of categories/types
Types of crime applicable
Evidence base

Compare and contrast…

What problems can you identify with the FBI’s approach to offender profiling?
Assumptions about stable types
Incomplete data
Subjective judgements
Small and unusual sample
Validity of methodology
Narrative & anecdotal evidence

Problems with typological profiling

Use the evidence to construct a profile
Organised or disorganised
Behavioural evidence
Known characteristics of serial offenders
Your profile should…
Tell the story of the crime
Describe the person responsible

Profile these crime scenes

Types of crime scene

Developed by the US Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) in the 1970s and 1980s.
Key ideas:
There are different types of offender
Behavioural evidence can tell us which type of offender committed a crime
Knowing an offender’s type allows us to predict other things about him
Generally used in cases of serial violence against strangers esp. sexual or ‘bizarre’

Typological offender profiling

Today’s session

Behavioural evidence
Things that tells us how an offender went about committing a crime
Criminal consistency
The idea that a person’s behaviour at a crime scene is consistent with their behaviour in other contexts

Two important ideas

What does this crime scene tell you about the offender responsible?

Crime reconstruction
Hypotheses about crime sequence, offender & victim behaviour etc.

Crime classification
Profilers decide whether the crime scene is organised or disorganised

Data assimilation
Data compiled from police reports, post mortems, crime scene photos etc.

Profile generation
Offender’s physical, demographic and behavioural characteristics

FBI profiling process
Full transcript