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Week 10 Obj. UTI

Ruth Mawyer

on 11 March 2013

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Transcript of UTI

Urinary Tract Infection
UTI Definition Types Acute cystitis Important in Practice Inflammation of the epithelium of the bladder Acute Cystitis
Painful bladder syndrome/interstitial cystitis
Interstitial cystitis
Acute and Chronic pylonephritis
Caused by
Escherichia coli aka E Coli (most common)
Staph saprophyticus (second)
then Klebsiella, Proteus, Pseudomonas fungi, viruses, parasites, or tubercular bacilli. Note re Schistosomiasis parasite. Keep catheters clean.
Avoid indwelling catheters.
Use Asceptic technique-sterility. Risks Usually,women (due to short plumbing near solid waste disposal system)
Elderly become confused with UTI and must be ruled out first. Can result in death.
Diabetes: Kidney spills glucose that feeds germs.
Indwelling catheters (CMS (Medicare) will not pay for hospital acquired UTIs aka HAI) Clinical Manifestations of UTI Acute Cystitis: frequency, urgency, dysuria (painful urination), and suprapubic and low back pain.
Pyelonephritis: fever, chills, flank or groin pain and those characteristic of acute cystitis: frequency, dysuria, and costovertebral tenderness.
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