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Jane Schaefer

Introduction
by

kathleen jensen

on 12 September 2016

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Transcript of Jane Schaefer

An approach to writing any high school academic essay
Jane Schaefer Writing
Some of these you've heard before, and some you haven't.
Thesis
A sentence with a subject and opinion which comes at the end of the introductory paragraph. This states the point of the entire essay.
Essay
A piece of writing that gives your thoughts about a subject. You will have four or more paragraphs: introduction, body paragraphs, and concluding paragraph.
Introduction (0r introductory paragraph)
First paragraph. Includes a thesis, usually at the end.
Body Paragraph
The middle, meaty paragraphs in your essay. It develops a point you want to make that supports the main conclusion/point in your thesis.
Concluding Paragraph
Last paragraph. It answers the question: so what? It may sum up ideas, reflect on what was said about the subject. It may also look beyond the essay. It does not include concrete detail, and is all commentary.
Terms for the body paragraphs
Topic Sentence
First sentence in the body paragraph. It MUST have a SUBJECT and an OPINION that supports the THESIS.
Concrete Details
Specific details form the backbone of the paragraph. These might be embedded quotations, paraphrasing, plot references (not whole plots), examples, facts, specifics, descriptions, illustrations, support, proof, evidence. You can tell it's specific if you can find it on a single page.
Commentary
Your opinion or comments about something, not concrete detail. These might be insights, comments, analysis, interpretations, inferences, responses, evaluations, explication, or reflection. These CONNECT the concrete details to the topic sentence.
Concluding sentence
Last sentence in the body paragraph. This is all commentary, and gives a finished feeling to the paragraph.
Steps in Writing the Essay
Prewriting
The process of getting your ideas together (especially concrete details). Some of you like bubble clusters, spider diagrams, outlines, lists, or columns.
Shaping the essay
After prewriting and before first draft: write an outline of your thesis, topic sentences, concrete details, and commentary ideas.
First/Rough Draft
First version of your essay: please do NOT turn this into your teacher. It is your starting place.
Final Draft
Your cleaned-up, spell-checked, grammar-checked, read-outloud-to-yourself, revised, and peer-reviewed essay. This is your best work that you turn in to your teacher!
Peer Response
Formally or informally, have the paper critically read by others (writing lab, peers in class, trusted others).
Chunk
ONE sentence of concrete detail and two sentences of commentary. It is the smallest unit of unified thought in our essay. There are THREE CHUNKS in each BODY PARAGRAPH.
Ratio
1 part concrete detail to 2 + parts commentary.
What does an essay look like?
Some Essay Terms
Schaeffer, Jane. "Home | Jane Schaffer Writing Program." Home | Jane Schaffer Writing Program. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Sept. 2012. <http://www.janeschaffer.com/>.
What a typewriter looks like!
Full transcript