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6 Reasons for Confederation

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Nicole Boden

on 27 October 2012

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Transcript of 6 Reasons for Confederation

6 Reasons for Confederation 1. Political Deadlock&Coalition 2. Need for a Railroad 3. Cancellation of Reciprocity Treaty Great Britain wanted colonies to be self-sufficient Threat of American Expansion Expansion into the West People involved in 6 Reasons for Confederation Political Deadlock was when Canada East&West couldn't decide on anything together, therefore decisions couldn't be made and that is what caused the Political Deadlock. The reasons the people of the Canada West&East needed railways were because there were many things that came in the way, therefore they couldn't sail through it, like:
- mountains
-the St. Lawrence River freezes in the Winter (they couldn't use boats; their main form of transportation) The RECIPROCITY Treaty was from 1854-1865. During this time there was a freetrade between British North America (Canada) and the United States. The freetrade allowed:
-agricultural products and raw materials be sold across the border without high amounts of tax on them

Although in 1865, the United States ended the Reciprocity Treaty. So BNA joined together with the rest of their colonies to trade with eachother with no taxes. Doing so, they were hopeful that it would increase their economic prosperity. In the 1860's Great Britain started to change their attitude towards their colonies. They weren't sure if having colonies where a benefit towards them. There was a need to expand to the west because there was good farmland available, and in Canada West there wasn't enough farmland available (decreasing amount available). Also while this was happening the British had to expand to the West right away because the Americans had been "eying" the same land that they wanted. So everyone had to join together before the Americans got to the land first. Sir John A. MacDonald was the first
Prime Minister of Canada and he was
also a part of the Political Deadlock
[Canada West-Liberal Conservative (Tories)] The Great Coalition was in 1864, and what happened was at least one group from each section had to agree with eachother to get legislation passed. During this time everyone got together except for Parti Rouge, also they were able to make new laws and improvements. By Nicole Bodenstein Reasons to keep the colonies were:
-source of raw materials
-opportunity to emigrate
-market for manufactured goods Reasons not to keep the colonies:
-burden on British tax-payers
-should pay for their own government and defense What does CONFEDERATION mean? Confederation means the birth of Canada (How Canada came to be). Also if they made a railway the advantages would be:
-trades/trading would be much easier and convenient
-mail would come faster
-if Canada went to war with the US, troops can be sent in faster During this time Britain was worried the people of the United States might attack them, and the British were worried that the Americans will try to expand their land. Eventually by 1866 the Fenians (Irish Catholics) attacked the British colonies because they didn't want them to rule Ireland. Although in this time the Americans from the Red River Settlement wanted to join the US.
But in the colony of British Columbia their was a gold rush which means lots of American miners, a trade with San Francisco, and they were willing of joining of US. The Fenians from the Threat of American Expansion (Irish Catholics) In the raid from 1866-70. What does RECIPROCITY mean?
Reciprocity basically means a mutual exchange.
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