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Graft and Corruption

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by

Mae Santos

on 7 December 2012

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Transcript of Graft and Corruption

Effects of Graft and Corruption GRAFT AND CORRUPTION According to Functionalists, graft and corruption tend to show DYSFUNCTIONALISM of government in its failure to prevent and correct corruption
According to Conflict Theories, High-ranking officials can easily get away from being prosecuted when they commit graft because of their influence while those in rank-and-file can't escape from prosecution.
According to Interactionists, responses of individuals to graft and corruption are from their own definition of the terms Republic Act No. 3019
Anti-Graft and Corrupt Practices Nature of Graft and Corruption What is Graft and Corruption? "moral perversion which are complex and exist in any society throughout the world" Makes people doubtful about the government; makes it hard for them to trust authorities
Hinders unity in government leadership and endangers political stability
Weakens national economic planning and management; present irrationality in plan development- wrong allocation of resources (funds, equipment, etc) ends up in questionable pockets
Promotes inequality by giving more power and opportunities to those who already in power
Cost of corruption is passed on taxpayers who shoulder the brunt through taxation rampant in colonized and transitional societies and newly independent states "Acquisition of unexplained wealth" "Abusing one's position or influence in politics or business" Difference between Graft and Corruption Graft occurs when a government official abuses his position for personal gain Corruption is when this act [graft] involves others During Spanish era, when the archipelago was a private property of the King of Spain, offices of the gov't were sold. The excesses and abuses of these gov't personnel both to finances of the King and Filipino people were notorious
When Governor General F.B. Harrison started the Filipinization of the colonial civil service, nepotism surfaced.
During the Commonwealth period, corruption subsided because the Filipino leadership was under the observation of the American High Commission
During World War II and Japanese occupation, stealing or destroying any belongings of the Japanese army received admiration
There was an extreme deprivation after the war years. The military stocks of supplies which were turned over by the United States were found in the blackmarket. History In relation to the three sociologic perspective, corruption is analyzed in the following manner: Penalties of the violations range from imprisonment for not less than six years but not more than fifteen years After the Marcos regime Causes of Graft and Corruption Plunder appeared in Law Books "Plunder is the acquisition of ill-gotten wealth, either directly or in accordance with members of one's family, relatives, business associates" Ill- gotten wealth is properties that are acquired from public funds, receiving shares in government transactions, establishing monopolies and implementation of decrees in favor of a person or an interest, and taking advantage of authority. - Inability to cope with the complex and multiple demands and problems in moving towards modernization -colonial status to self-government -Inequality in distribution of land due to rapid population growth -Problems brought by industrial development and urbanization and pressure for public welfare EDUCATIONAL IMPLICATION Unlearning something is difficult especially when the characteristic is embodied in an individual or it is common it his/her environment The important role of a teacher in bringing back the value of honesty and imposing morality is unquestionable PROPOSITIONS: Imprint among students the distinctive functions of the different agencies of socialization
SEE that the value of HONESTY is included at all times
Make students aware of GRAFT and CORRUPTION and its effects
Give opportunities to students to exercise leadership and followership
Emphasize that VIGILANCE is the best safeguard for graft and corruption
Inspire students to achieve their ambitions in a decent and humane way
Impose NATIONALISM Types of Corruption Bribery
Trading in Influence
Patronage
Nepotism and Cronyism
Electoral Fraud
Embezzlement
Kickbacks
Unholy Alliance
Involvement in Organized Crime If a country is to be corruption free and become a nation of beautiful minds, I strongly feel there are three key societal members who can make a difference. They are the father, the mother and the teacher.
-Abdul Kalam
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