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Misogyny and Marginalization of Women in Rap Music
Transcript of Misogyny and Marginalization of Women in Rap Music
in Gangsta Rap women are often depicted as inferior in popular music
rock music - 57% of females described condescendingly
country music - 66% of male performers portrayed women in traditional roles
social forces influencing rap lyrics
hegemonic masculinity (dominance)
cultural resistance to feminism
internalization of negative stereotypes of women
economic conditions (using misogyny to make money)
about 25% of modern rap lyrics contain misogyny Rap Music in the US originated in the Bronx in the 1970's in African-American communities
spread quickly to other parts of the country
allowed for a minority to express themselves artistically
Theresa Martinez (1997): "Rap music is a form of oppositional culture that offers a message of resistance, empowerment, and social culture"
strong language use signifies power, garners respect
lyrics can represent fantasy, poetry, confession, satire, political commentary Lil Wayne, Kanye, and Eminem
(oh my!) Lil Wayne
"I can fuck yo girl and make her nut for me/Then slut for me then kill for me then steal for me/And of course it'll be yo cash/Then I'll murder that bitch and send her body back to yo ass ("We Be Steady Mobbin'")
"Monster" music video highly criticized
dead models in lingerie hang from nooses
album received praise as the best album of 2010 by Pitchfork
used misogyny in 11 of the 14 songs on The Marshall Mathers LP (78% of lyrics!)
fastest selling rap album of all time
"Slut, you think I won't choke no whore/till the vocal cords don't work in her throat no more?" Impact on Society men who listened to sexually violent rap lyrics were more likely to express "adversarial sexual beliefs" (ex:
men should dominate women)
music videos depicting women in sexually subordinate roles increase female subjects' acceptance of violence against women
listening to misogynistic hip-hop increases sexually aggressive behavior in men
exposure to violent lyrics makes people more likely to perceive black men as hostile, sexist Female Rappers Fight Back criticism from feminist groups, womens' rights activists
2004: protest of Nelly's "Tip Drill" at Spelman College
Essence magazine launched a year-long campaign against misogynistic lyrics
congressional hearing held in 2007
female rappers provide positive messages for women
but some women rappers do not oppose misogyny
need to play by the rules defined by men Sophie Cranin Misogyny and Marginalization
of Women in Rap Music