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Coral Reef Biome- Hannah Beck & Naomi Hewell 2nd

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Hannah Beck

on 22 March 2013

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Transcript of Coral Reef Biome- Hannah Beck & Naomi Hewell 2nd

By: Hannah Beck and
Naomi Hewell Coral Reef Description of General Temperature & Precipitation Food Chain Producer-Philo Plankton
Primary consumer- Zoo Plankton
Secondary consumer- Lobster Coral Reef Plants & Animals Food Web of Coral Reef Jelly Fish Population
Growth? Dispersion
Patterns? Energy Pyramid for Coral Reef Keystone Species Acropa Palmata One of the dominant reef building coral species. A Coral Reef is basically a underwater structure like a colony made of calcuim carbonate most commonly found in warm shallow areas. It is also one of the most diverse ecosystems on the earth. The Coral Reef is home to many animals such as coral, polyps, fish, mollasks, worms, crustaceans, echinoderms, sponges, tunicates and other cnidarians. Mostly found along the line of the equator, coral reefs mainly form around volcanoes and is formed by accretion. Accretion is the process of the coral and the scales forming somewhere such as around volcanoes. - The climate is anywhere from 70-85* F.
-The rainfall for Coral Reefs average around 80 inches per year. The heaviest rainfall month is February. Many plants and wildlife either live in the coral reef or visit annually such as whales, dolphins, porpoises, dugongs, over 200 species of birds, sea turtles, sea snakes, 1500 species of fish, 5000 species of molluscs, 400 species of coral, sea grass, and 500 species of marine algea. The Producers - the phytoplankton on the ocean's surface.
The Primary Consumers – the coral, sea turtle, and fish.
The Secondary Consumers – the sharks, anemones, starfish, baracuda, jellyfish, sea snakes and sea slugs.
The Scavengers – the fish.The Decomposers or Detrivores – microorganisms. Jellyfish population
is growing very rapidly. Jellyfish can be found in pretty much any and every ocean because they flow in large groups with the currents. Limiting Factors
1. Sunlight- Density- Independent
2. Salinity- Density- Independent
3. Amount of Dissolved Oxygen- Density- Independent Charateristics of the CORAL REEF Biome 1.The “rainforests of the ocean,” coral reefs are biodiversity hotspots that make up less than 1% of the marine environment but are home to 25 percent of the ocean’s marine life. 2.When water temperature rises, the algae living in coral dies, creating large areas of dead, bleached coral reefs. Something fun to do in
the Coral Reef Biome Scuba Diving! *Do not touch the Coral Reef or any marine life while scuba diving!* Things you would need... Examples of Symbiosis Coral Polyp and Zooxanthellae
The algae gives off oxygen and other nutrients that the coral polyp needs to live and in return, the polyp gives the algae carbon dioxide and other substances the algae needs. Biome
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