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ENGL111 Types of Sentences

4 types of sentences

Ghaida Naeem

on 7 May 2012

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Transcript of ENGL111 Types of Sentences

Types of Sentences A simple sentence contains a subject and verb.

It expresses a single complete thought.

A simple sentence is a single independent clause. Complex Compound-Complex Compound A compound sentence contains two independent clauses.

A compound sentence could be formed in three ways

You have to try this. A compound-complex sentence is a sentence that has at least two independent clauses and at least one dependent clause.

The same subordinating conjunctions are used to introduce the dependent clauses.

The same coordinating conjunctions (FANBOYS) are used for joining the independent clauses. e fun. The thief crept through the dark house.

The wolf stopped and surveyed his surroundings.

The mouse darted for the safety of the nearly invisible hole under the cabinet. a. Coordinate Conjunctions
Conjunctions (for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so) join these independent clauses. (Hint: The conjunctions spell FANBOYS.)

The conjunction used can impact the meaning of the sentence. b. Conjunctive Adverbs

These are some of the conjunctive adverbs:

hence, however, in the meantime, later, likewise, meanwhile, moreover, namely, incidentally, Indeed, in fact, in short, instead, therefore, similarly, that is c. Semicolon

A semicolon can be used to join two independent clauses. A complex sentence is an independent clause joined by one or more dependent clauses.

A subordinating conjunction begins the dependent clauses. Examples:

"If a man does not keep pace with his companions, perhaps it is because he hears a different drummer. Let him step to the music which he hears, however measured, or far away."(Henry David Thoreau)

"When we remember we are all mad, the mysteries disappear and life stands explained."(Mark Twain) Examples:

"The Druids used mistletoe in ceremonies of human sacrifice, but most of all the evergreen became a symbol of fertility because it flourished in winter when other plants withered."(Sian Ellis, "England's Ancient 'Special Twig,'" British Heritage, January 2001)

"I believe entertainment can aspire to be art, and can become art, but if you set out to make art you're an idiot."(Steve Martin) Test Yourself:
Simple, Compound, Complex, or Compound-Complex? 1. The teacher walked into the classroom, greeted the students, and took attendance.

2. Juan played football while Jane went shopping.

3. Juan played football, yet Jim went shopping.

4. Although Mexico has a better team, they lost the tournament, and their more aggressive style did not pay off.

5. The island had many trails winding through thick underbrush, a small lake, and dangerous wild animals.

6. Naoki passed the test because he studied hard, but Stacy did not understand the material. Answers:

1. Simple
2. Complex
3. Compound-complex
4. Compound-complex
5. Simple
6. Compound-complex new Simple Examples Examples:

"Always go to other people's funerals; otherwise, they won't go to yours."(Yogi Berra)

"Nothing can be unconditional; consequently, nothing can be free."(George Bernard Shaw) Examples:

"Happiness isn't something you experience; it's something you remember."(Oscar Levant)

"Management is doing things right; leadership is doing the right things."(Peter Drucker) A dependent clause has a subject and a verb, but it does not make sense on its own. Subordinate Conjunctions:

after how until
although if unless
as in as much   as if
in order that when as long as
at least whenever as much as
now that whereas soon
wherever as though since
while because so that
before even if that
even though A dependent clause that begins a sentence must be followed by comma. Check the answers. Coordinate Conjunctions Conjunctive Adverbs Semicolon Examples:

"Man is the only animal that laughs and weeps, for he is the only animal that is struck with the difference between what things are, and what they might have been."(William Hazlitt)

"I know not with what weapons World War III will be fought, but World War IV will be fought with sticks and stones."(Albert Einstein) Notes a. using a coordinate conjunction
b. using a conjunctive adverb
c. using a semicolon :
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