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Sentence Types

A quick look at clauses and sentence types
by

Kirsten Rohla

on 28 January 2013

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Transcript of Sentence Types

Dependent Clauses

Have a subject and predicate, but because they begin with a subordinate conjunction, they cannot stand alone.

(Basically an Independent Clause with a subordinate conjunction in front of it.) Start Mixing! When you're writing, you want to make sure to use a variety of sentence structures in order to make your writing more interesting. Remember, adding phrases and dependent clauses will give each more information. Independent Clauses What Makes a Sentence? The base that every sentence stands on Phrases: A group of words missing a subject, predicate, or both For Example... Prepositional phrases:
- ON the dresser
- BEHIND the tree Missing both subject & predicate - who's doing what? Contains both a subject and predicate, and can stand alone I ran to the store. Common
Subordinate Conjunctions after
although
as
because
before
even if
even though
if
in order that
once "Because I want to" is not a complete sentence, even though it has both a subject and predicate. The word "because" indicates there is additional information needed. Simple Sentence = 1 Independent Clause and as many phrases make sense! Compound = 2 or more Independent Clauses and as many phrases as make sense Complex = 1 Independent Clause, 1 or more Dependent Clauses, and as many phrases as make sense Compound-Complex = 2 or more Independent Clauses, 1 or more Dependent Clauses, and as many phrases as make sense Simple Compound Complex Compound-Complex I ran. I ran around the track. Before lunch, I ran around the track. Before lunch on Thursday, I ran around the track. Each Independent Clause must be separated with either a semi-colon or a comma followed by a coordinating conjunction (FANBOYS). FANBOYS = For, And, Nor, But, Or, Yet, So I ran, and I swam. Before running, I ate breakfast, but I waited half an hour. I like to read, but my eyes aren't very good, so I always choose a place that has lots of light. I try to read half an hour everyday because it's relaxing. Because I have lots of chores, I don't always meet my goal. After the ballgame, I have to go home before I pick up my sister. *NOTE*

If the Independent Clause come first, you almost never need a comma to separate the clauses. If the Dependent Clause comes first, you almost always do need a comma. When I get home, I want to eat a snack, but dinner is in an hour. Before dinner, my dog has to be walked because he's been inside all day, but he really likes it. Walking Radar is good exercise, even though it's it's often cold, and I don't like the cold. provided that
rather than
since
so that
than
that
though
unless
until when
whenever
where
whereas
wherever
whether
while
why Now you know!
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