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Wet Sclerophyll Forest

© Kyla Truong, 2013

Kyla Truong

on 28 October 2013

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Transcript of Wet Sclerophyll Forest

Wet Sclerophyll Forest
This ecosystem is a tropical region and is found on the coasts of Australia. There are dead leaves and ashes from bushfires in the seasons that don’t have a lot of rainfall. Some animals that live in the Wet Sclerophyll Forest include Wombats, Ibis birds, Wallabies, Kangaroos and Frogs. Some plants in the Wet Sclerophyll forest are Ferns, Gum Trees, Shrubs and Eucalyptus Trees.
A habitat is where an organism lives. Frogs live in the streams of the Wet Sclerophyll Forest.
An environment is a condition in which organisms live. The environment of the Wet Sclerophyll Forest is wet and damp due to its high amount of rainfall. Wet Sclerophyll Forests can be humid because of the tall trees.
By Kyla Truong
Population is a group of organisms of the same species that live in the same habitat. Wombats is an example of this as it is a species where you have the Common Wombat, Northern Hairy Nosed Wombat and Southern Hairy Nosed Wombats.
Community is two or more populations living in the same habitat and at the same time. In the Wet Sclerophyll Forest, the community of Wombats and Fern are living together.
Importance of the Water Cycle
The water cycle is a very important towards the Wet Sclerophyll Forest because in the water cycle,
The sun heats up the sea/water
Water vapour travels upwards forming clouds
The wind then moves the clouds and then it will start to rain, this is called precipitation.

Without this cycle, there would not be any rain for the Wet Sclerophyll Forest and rain is one of the major components in a Wet Sclerophyll Forest. Rain is needed to maintain climate, water the plants to give them energy and the energy flows to herbivores or omnivores when they eat the plants. It is also needed to cater for animals as a source of energy and fluid.
Consequences of having
insufficient amounts of water
If the Wet Sclerophyll Forest has insufficient amounts of water, it would effect the plants and animals, for example the plants need water to live, so if there are no plants or not enough plants, herbivores would not be able to obtain enough energy and they will eventually die. This will also mean that omnivores and carnivores will also die because they won’t have enough food and energy they need from the general things they eat.
Environmental Factor 1: Bushfires
Bushfires can occur quite often in the Wet Sclerophyll Forest. Bushfires may start when there is no rain and there is a high temperature in Summer.
If a bushfire occurs, it will affect the animals of the Wet Sclerophyll Forest, for example frogs tend to live in a water habitat and so a bushfire will cause a loss of water, meaning the frogs will not have a safe environment to be their home. It will also affect the Gliding Possums as they live in trees, so as a bushfire starts to increase, it will burn and kill most trees causing another habitat to be lost.
It will affect trees like Eucalyptus Trees, though these they will grow back after a bushfire as they are adapted to bushfires. Eucalyptus Trees have a thick bark that can protect its core during a fire.

Environmental Factor 2: Drought
A drought occurs when there has been no rain for a long period of time. Droughts impact the Wet Sclerophyll because if an ecosystem such as the Wet Sclerophyll Forest lacks water, it will cause flora and fauna to die due to the scarce amount of water. In a drought, it will create low amounts of moisture which is one of the factors of a bushfire. If a bushfire does occur, it will effect most animals and plants, but some plants, like the Eucalyptus Trees might be adapted to fire. It will also cause increased predation, meaning there will be a higher amount of predators hunting for prey.
Human Impact: Deforestation
Deforestation occurs in most forests including the Wet Sclerophyll Forest. It is the destruction of forests by cutting down trees, which then impacts animals who use trees as their shelter to hunt for prey or to hide from predators.
In order to sustain the Wet Sclerophyll Forest, deforestation needs to stop so that the trees that were cut down due to deforestation can grow back and support the animals of the ecosystem. To reduce deforestation, recycling can be used by more people to stop the amount of trees being cut down for paper.
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