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5 elements in Horror - Camera shots/movement/framing

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Sonia Tyrna

on 4 January 2013

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Transcript of 5 elements in Horror - Camera shots/movement/framing

shots Extremely wide shots are used to - introduce the setting
- show its isolation
- give the impression of helplessness All types of wide shots are often used to show the figures of intruders - the shot hides their identity but still lets us know they're present. Close ups are used to (on the face)
- help us emphasize with the character
- show their reactions and emotions
- create suspense as the audience isn't shown the surroundings (makes the viewer anxious and frightened) movement Slow pam -
-
- Grudge Hand held camera - gives a jerky, ragged effect
- adds realism
- makes the audience feel as though they are a part of the scene example:
The Blair Witch Project (1999) Camera framing Mise en scene SFX Editing 5 ELEMENTS
IN Canted framing - tilted angle weird cantled angles where the camera is not placed horizontal to floor level

skewed camera angles portray a state of mind, and are very effective example:
The American Horror Story - Asylum
(TV series, 2012) angles Sound
No background sound is used in 'demonic possession' scenes so the viewers focus on the sound effects that are added to the voice of the possessed creating a low, crunchy unnatural terrifying voice

eg. The Exorcist
Loud music can make the viewers feel scared and tense as it suggests that something is going to happen. voices of characters
footsteps
whispers low key lighting
creating shadows costumes continuity editing quick cuts indicate urgency, excitement or chaos POV & - make us feel & see what they are

when shown from the predators eyes we see the vulnerability of the pray/victim - the audience is forced to watch it thought POV of the killer making them very uncomfortable Source: http://www.horror-movies.ca/horror_17523.html example:
Nightmare on Elm Street trailer
(first 10 seconds) In this clip from JAWS (1975) we see the girl in water from the sharks point of view - the victim is unaware of whats lurking underneath. Very effective technique - gives the sense of firsthand experience and increases tension. cutaways
* sudden hand grab - jumpy
* weapons
Tracking - often used in chase scenes
-
- example:
Scream High & low angles show ones weakness and insignificance - used in scenes where the protagonist is trapped example:
The American Horror Story - Asylum
(TV series, 2012) show ones power and importance - used in scenes when the antagonist is standing over the victim example:
Saw slow cuts can create the feeling of tranquility stability and calm lighting dim light altering the look of the images can change the atmosphere dramatically in a way the audience depend on the lighting to indicate who the 'bad guy' is due to its connotations;

dark - black, violence, anger, evil, mystery, antagonist
light - white, purity, goodness, innocence, protagonist filters are used in horror to emphasize the danger & pain in the scene and denote blood RED example:
Carrie (1976)
the red screen is used a split second before the girl uses her power to kill someone PROTAGONISTS ANTAGONISTS light clothing showing their goodness and purity
minimal natural make up so they resemble an innocent child dark clothing (black,red) showing the danger and mystery
dark and gloomy make up which hides their features
mask used to hide their identity The Strangers
(2008) Top 10 Horror Films Involving a Mask http://horrornews.net/39594/top-10-list-of-horror-films-involving-a-mask/ if these are done wrong they could easily ruin the experience for the viewer todays CGI's are steadily replacing the use of prosthetics The quality of the special effects & prosthetics must be believable in order for the audience to engage with the plot. It is harder to suspend disbelief in movies where the special effects appear fake. Here's an example of an extraordinary use of prosthetic equipment. An unbelievable amount of time, effort and money went into creating this disturbingly realistic effect. The bad: The good: Saw II
Making of the needle pit Clip from the film prosthetic In one scene (pic above) the fake neck piece that the woman had where she was 'stabbed' was easily visible to the viewer. The prosthetic neck was a much lighter tone then the actress's skin tone and its ragged edges were sticking up. Haunting of Winchester house
The neck prosthetic diegetic non-diegetic For example: Chase scenes are usually accompanied by loud, upbeat, intense and dramatic music to keep up with the pace of the situation. I know what you did last summer -
Helens chase scene
- helps move the story along, but engages the viewer and/ or makes him or her really think about what is going on
for example: Audition (a Japanese horror by Takashi Mike) uses discontinuity editing to confuse the audience’s feelings towards the two main characters. Also, it was used to disconnect the order of events and validity of events (the victim was drugged and consequently the viewer doesn’t know what is real and what is a hallucination). discontinuity editing fluent editing that shouldn't be noticeable often the green screens are used to generate a background of choice - used to add crowds, make city scapes, post apocalyptic landscapes they're a very good option for lower budget films as it creates more possibilities in case of the settings BUT if the presence of the green screen is seen it ruins the mood for the viewer they suggest imbalance, transition and instability
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