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What Is Pop Art?
Transcript of What Is Pop Art?
What Influenced Pop Art?
"At a certain moment the canvas began to appear to one American painter after the other as an arena in which to act. What was to go on the canvas was not a picture but an event"
- Harold Rosenberg.
Autumn Rhythm (number 30), 1950, Jackson Pollock
A post World War Two American art movement that gained mainstream acceptance during the 1950s.
'McCarthyism' (1950-1956): A political reaction to the Cold War.
Art became expressive without revealing what it was expressing - no tangible objects.
"The McCarthy era after World War II was a time of artistic censorship in the United States, but if the subject matter were totally abstract then it would be seen as apolitical, and therefore safe. Or if the art was political, the message was largely for the insiders. - Serge Guilbaut 1983.
An international art movement that began in 1915, concentrating on found object as art: Collage, Photomontage, Assemblage and Readymades.
Born out of negative reaction to the horrors of World War I.
Rejected prevailing standards in art.
Dada means: 'Yes, yes' in Romanian or 'Hobbyhorse' in French.
"Dada represented the opposite of everything which art stood for. Where art was concerned with traditional aesthetics, Dada ignored aesthetics. If art was to appeal to sensibilities, Dada was intended to offend"
Fountain, 1917, Marcel Duchamp
Pop Art is an art movement that emerged in the mid 1950s in Britian and in the late 1950s in the United States, gaining prominence in the 1960s with artists such as Andy Warhol and Roy Lichtenstein.
Pop Art was seen as a move away from traditional approaches to art by including images from popular culture; such as:
Anything mundane or ordinary
The Characteristics of Pop Art
Employs aspects of mass culture.
Seen as a reaction to abstract expressionism.
Similar to Dada in its use of found objects.
Emphasizes the ordinary or kitschy elements of mass culture.
Pop Art often takes imagery that is current in advertising.
This lead the Pop Art movement to create art works that had tangible objects, and these objects were not fine art based, but found in the everyday, the mundane, the ordinary.
Began exhibiting his work in the 1950s.
Leading figure in the Pop Art movement.
Successful career as a commercial illustrator before becoming an artist.
Gained fame in the 1950s for his whimsical ink drawings of shoe advertisements.
Began using iconic American objects in his artworks in the 1960s:
Campbells soup cans
Celebrities such as - Marilyn Monroe, Elvis Presley and Marlon Brando.
As well as Newspaper headlines.
Operated an art studio called 'the factory' where assistants helped Warhol make his artworks.
An exhibition in 1964 - 'The American Supermarket' turned a Gallery space into a small supermarket, except that the produce, canned goods, meat, posters on the wall, etc, were created by six prominent Pop artists of the time and questioned - What is Art?
Andy Warhol - 1950
Andy Warhol - Campbell's Soup II - 1969
Andy Warhol - Coca-Cola - 1962
Andy Warhol - no title - 1967
Born 1923 - 1997.
Began his first Pop Art paintings in 1961.
Favoured 'The Comic Strip' as his main inspiration.
Produced hard-edged, precise compositions.
Often tongue-in-cheek in humour.
Most Celebrated work:
Whaam! - 1963.
Drowning girl - 1963.
1961-1962 produced a group of paintings on household objects.
Paints small dots in his paintings to resemble Ben-Day Dots. A printing process that used small coloured dots closely spaced, widely spaced or overlapping to create shading and secondary colours.
Appropriated images from DC-Comics.
Roy Lichtenstein - Whaam! - 1963
Roy Lichtenstein - Drowning Girl - 1963
Roy Lichtenstein - Oh, Jeff...I love you, too...But... - 1964
Roy Lichtenstein - Okay Hot-Shot, Okay! - 1963
Became associated with Pop Art in the 1960s.
First made soft sculptures of everyday objects.
Cloth, foam rubber, paper, fibers and similar material that are supple and nonrigid.
Famous for large scale sculptures of mundane objects.
A Spoon and a Cherry.
A Bow and Arrow.
A Clothes peg.
Claes Oldenburg - Floor Burger - 1962
Claes Oldenburg - Spoonbridge & Cherry - 1988
Claes Oldenburg - Cupids Span - 2002
Claes Oldenburg - Clothespin - 1976
Regarded as Neo-Dadist, but is included in Pop Art because of his use of images and objects from popular culture.
Neo-Dada is interested in the importance of the work of art produced, rather than just the concept.
Works primarily in painting and printmaking.
Used popular iconography in his work: The use of popular images and symbols such as
The American Flag.
Most famous work: 'Three Flags' 1958.
Jasper Johns - Flag - 1954
Jasper Johns - Target with Four Faces - 1955
Jasper Johns - Three Flags - 1958
Jasper Johns - 0 through 9 - 1969
Gained recognition in the 1980s.
Regarded as Neo-Pop or Post Pop.
Neo-Pop/Post Pop: A revised form of Pop Art, using recognisible objects and celebrities from present times.
Works based on the ordinary or kitsch.
Resists the idea of irony in his works.
Most famous artwork: Balloon Dog (orange) sculpture, 2000.
Operates a factory like art studio with assistants helping Koons make his artworks.
Jeff Koons - Balloon Dog (orange) - 2000
Jeff Koons - Michael Jackson & Bubbles - 1988
Jeff Koons - Tulips - 1995-2004
Jeff Koons - New Shelton wet/dry doubledecker - 1981
Create your own Pop Art
Ordinary object: Fastfood.
Brainstorm in workbooks:
What Fastfood item you will chose.
What Fastfood company you will use.
Research about Fastfood:
Research about Artist: Andy Warhol.
How items are arranged.
Draw in workbooks:
Your chosen Fastfood item.
Use colour pencils/Pastels/Paint.