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Transcript of Colonies
Original British Colonies
Original English Colonies
A country can declare independence but not attain it unless they are recognized by more powerful countries.
What is a colony?
Definition of Colony
an area of land under loose or strict control by another state or country. It can also be a place in which settlers from the state move, sometimes displacing native residents, or a place where a state claims some ownership or the right to rule people here
Thirteen American Colonies Video
* by gaining independence from the country which is controlling it.
But how is independence gained?
How does a colony actually become a colony?
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Union of Soviet Socialist Republic
Fifteen new countries became independent with the dissolution of the USSR in 1991. Most of these countries declared independence a few months preceding the fall of the Soviet Union in late 1991
Yugoslavia dissolved in the early 1990s into five independent countries
1. Bosnia and Herzegovina, February 29, 1992
2. Croatia, June 25, 1991
3. Macedonia (officially The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia) declared independence on September 8, 1991 but wasn't recognized by the United Nations until 1993 and the United States and Russia in February of 1994
4. Serbia and Montenegro, (also known as the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia), April 17, 1992
5. Slovenia, June 25, 1991
*Colonial Power: The United States
*Colonized: claimed by the U.S. throught a treaty with Germany; occupied by the U.S. in 1990
*Status: Officially an "unincorporated and unorganized territory"
It is administered by the U.S. Department of the Interior's Office of Insular Affairs
Colonial Power: The United Kingdom
Colonized: In 1650,. by English settlers from the nearby island of St. Kitts
Status: In the early 19th century, it was incorporated into a single British colony but two years later, Great Britain finally allowed Anguilla to secede from St. Kitts and Nevis. In 1980, the island was officially recognized as a seperate dependency of Great Britain.
The United States
The US has two areas of land that can be considered colonies, and also commonwealths: Puerto Rico and Guam/Northern Mariana Islands.
Examples of the government of the 13 colonies
The origins of Virginia began in 1607 with the founding of Jamestown. The Virginia Company, which had been given the charter to found the colony, set up a General Assembly. In 1624, Virginia became a royal colony when the Virginia Company's charter was revoked. However, the General Assembly stayed in place which helped set a model for representative government in this and other colonies.
By royal charter in 1691, Plymouth Colony and Massachusetts Bay Colony were joined together to form the Massachusetts Colony. Plymouth had created its own form of government through the Mayflower Compact. Massachusetts Bay was created a by a charter from King Charles I which accidentally allowed the colony to set up their own government. John Winthrop became the governor of the colony. However, the freemen were to have powers that Winthrop kept secret from them until the General Court ruled int 1634 to create a representative legislative body, divided into two houses.
New Hampshire was created as a proprietary colony. The Council for New England gave the charter to Captain John Mason. Puritans from Massachusetts Bay also helped settle the colony. In fact, for a time the colonies of Massachusetts Bay and New Hampshire were joined. The government included a governor, his advisers, and a representative assembly.
Maryland was the first proprietary government. George Calvert, the first Baron Baltimore, was a Roman Catholic who was discriminated against in England. He asked for and was granted a charter to found a new colony in North America. Upon his death, his son, the second Baron Baltimore Cecilius Calvert, also called Lord Baltimore, founded Maryland in 1634. He created a government where he made the laws with the consent of the freemen landowners in the colony. A legislative assembly was created to consent to the laws passed by the governor. There were two houses: one of freemen and the second consisted of the governor and his council.
Connecticut colony was founded when individuals left the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1637 to find better land. Thomas Hooker organized the colony to have a means of defense against the Pequot Indians. A representative legislature was called together. In 1639, the legislature adopted the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut. In 1662, Connecticut became a royal colony.
British colonies and Dependencies
Territories, Colonies, and Dependencies
Under U.S. Jurisdiction
• American Samoa
• Baker Island
• Howland Island
• Jarvis Island
• Johnston Atoll
• Kingman Reef
• Midway Islands
• Navassa Island
• Northern Mariana Islands
• Palmyra Atoll
• Puerto Rico
• Virgin Islands
• Wake Island
Under UK Jurisdiction
• British Indian Ocean Territory
• British Virgin Islands
• Cayman Islands
• Falkland Islands
• Isle of Man
• Pitcairn Islands
• Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Chunha
• South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
• Turks and Caicos Islands
Under French Jurisdiction
• Bassas da India
• Clipperton Island
• Europa Island
• French Guiana
• French Polynesia
• French Southern and Antarctic Lands
• Glorioso Islands
• Juan de Nova Island
• New Caledonia
• Saint Pierre and Miquelon
• Tromelin Island
Under Danish Jurisdiction
• Faroe Islands
Under Australian Jurisdiction
• Ashmore and Cartier Islands
• Christmas Island
• Cocos (Keeling) Islands
• Coral Sea Islands
• Heard Island and McDonald Islands
• Norfolk Island