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The Spanish Armada in the Elizabethan Era

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Nathalie Bonhomme

on 17 February 2014

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Transcript of The Spanish Armada in the Elizabethan Era

England vs. Spain!
The Spanish Armada against the English Army, in The Elizabethan Era.
The English Tale


The Spanish tale
The loss of the Spanish
In war, battles are won, and battles are lost. But this wasn’t the regular case for the Spanish Armada. The Armada was known to be unbeatable! It had the biggest, and most effective ships in all of Europe, and that, without mentioning many, many, MANY dedicated Spanish sailors who fought many wars at the risk of their lives. But one battle in particular, against the English, changed all of that. Let’s just say, that the Spanish had to stop underestimating the English and their battle tactics.
In the battle of Gravelines, the Spanish Armada approached the Spanish-Netherlands’ port, waiting for their allies to come join them as they went on their way to invade England. But England knew of their plans, and intercepted the Armada. The English navy sent out fire ships to weaken the Armada, before they themselves joined the battle.
In every Spanish website that I’ve looked at, this is the story that I’ve read and understood:
A long time ago, Queen Elizabeth fell madly in love with King Philip, Prince Philip at the time. When he became king, she wanted to form an alliance between their countries. Approaching him, she suggested they marry. She loved him very much, after all. King Philip revered God and was a very prudent person. He was always willing to have good relations with the Tudors. King Philip accepted the proposal. But there was one problem. He did not know that Queen Elizabeth was unable to bare children. Eventually he found out, and he didn’t like the fact that she could not conceive. Finally, he cancelled the engagement. Queen Elizabeth had a strong personality, and she became very, VERY angry. She felt rejected and offended. She began to despise King Philip. The Queen decided to do something with her growing rage. She ordered the execution of her sister, former Catholic ruler of England, Mary. She also began to persecute and torture Catholics in her country. The Spanish people grew from angry to outraged with England. This made King Philip take the decision to try to invade England.
In the time of Queen Elizabeth the First, Spain
and England bickered and hassled each other
over treasure, conflicted about religion and
fought for justice. A war between two of the
most powerful countries in their time, broke
out, and lasted approximately 19 years! The
fierce war made a lasting imprint in the tracks
of time. Therefore, it is important to know of
the background behind it, so that we may
learn from our ancestors’ mistakes. Let’s
take a look at what history has in store
for us today!
Who was right?
Who was wrong?
As we grasp what will
be seen and said, let us
try and make a decision
for ourselves. Wars aren’t
started for the sake of nothing!
Who was right? Who was wrong?
But every story has two sides.
Let’s explore them both!
One story, two sides!
This may be the part you find the most entertaining in this whole presentation. One story, two sides. There is one more cause of this war...It has to do with marriage. Let me explain in telling you two stories, both claiming to be the true one.
In every English website that I’ve looked at, this is the story that I’ve read and understood:
In the Elizabethan Era, Kings and queens from different countries, would marry each other to form alliances and friendships with their spouse’s country. In January of 1559, King Phillip II of Spain approached Queen Elizabeth I of England with a marriage proposal. Elizabeth did not believe it was politically wise to accept. But she knew it would be foolish to immediately turn him down. If she had, she knew it would anger the Spanish people very much. She decided not to give the Spanish an answer right away. Elizabeth wanted to use their temporary friendship as advantages for two things. The first was that things were very iffy between England and France. An Anglo-Spanish alliance would keep France from attacking right away, which would give the queen more time to negotiate peace with them. The second reason, is that a possible marriage with a devotedly Catholic King, might make the catholic people of England diminish their anger and tension towards the protestant queen.
Eventually, Queen Elizabeth rejected King Philip’s offer because she thought that her subjects would oppose the return of a Catholic King, and because she not want to marry her sister’s former husband. (King Philip was previously married to Queen Elizabeth’s sister, Mary.)
Cause of war:
According to the Spanish
Two causes of war, were that on Spanish
expeditions to South
America, the English would come along
and attack their ships, stealing their
silver and gold.
Battle of Gravelines
Sir Alonso Perez Guzman, captain of the Armada during this battle, sent out his men to take positions for a fight by boarding. This battle tactic, was the act of getting close enough to an enemy boat, and jumping on board to kill your opponents by sword, from the inside. The problem was that the English fleets were too far to be boarded. Their boats were also much, much smaller than the Spanish ships. Because of this, the Spanish boats could not fire at them, because they were also too close. The height of the Armada made it impossible to fire things at close distance. Finally, the English fired back, which penetrated the boats of the Spanish. After 8 hours of fighting, the Spanish returned home with only 67 of their original 130 ships. It was a clear victory for the English!
The second cause, was that England had become a protestant country. The spanish did not like this, because they were a catholic country. They were afraid that the English Catholics were being persecuted.
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