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Transcript of Climate change
was held in Geneva 1979. However it was in Montreal that the first steps towards limiting further damage to the ozone layer in the stratosphere were taken. How? Reducing CFCs.
The main CFCs have not been produced
by any of the signatories since 1995 (except in
special circumstances ie medical sprays.
Toronto Conference 1988 ...called for reduction of CO2 emissions by 20%
by 2005 (not achieved). IPCC set up (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) 'The ultimate objective is to achieve..
stabilisation of greenhouse gas concentrations
in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system. Kyoto Protocol 1997 All MEDCs given legally binding
targets for cuts in emissions by 2008-12 (5.2% av) UK, Germany, Japan all moved to less polluting energy sources. USA (experiencing an economic boom at the time) reluctant to make cuts. Bali Conference 2007 All countries have made commitment
to make 'deep cuts'. MEDCs have agreed that LEDCs
need money and new technologies to help battle climate change.
Money provided to countries to protect forests. Small scale projects encouraged and funded.
no significant extra money was pledged until after 2012 to help poor countries adapt
no binding targets were set for future funding (it is expected to cost LEDCs £25bn a year to adapt to climate change)
there is a danger that climate change money will not go to benefit local people and could even be taken from existing development aid projects
extra forestry money could be hijacked by industry for plantations.