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Chapter 2: Building Health Skills and Character

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Danielle Dully

on 17 February 2015

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Transcript of Chapter 2: Building Health Skills and Character

Chapter 2: Building Health Skills and Character
Lesson 1: Building Health Skills
Health skills
, or life skills, are specific tools and strategies that help you maintain, protect; and improve all aspects of your health
.
Self-Management Skills
Practicing Healthful Behaviors
Advocacy
Internal influences
include your knowledge, values, likes, dislikes, and desires.
You have control over these. It's based on your experiences and your perspective on life.
Lesson 2: Making Responsible Decisions and Setting Goals
The Decision-Making Process
Lesson 3: Building Character
Character
can be defined as

those distinctive qualities that describe how a person thinks, feels, and behaves.
Interpersonal Skills
Interpersonal communication
is the exchange of thoughts, feelings, and beliefs between two or more people
.
Effective communication skills for building and maintaining healthy relationships include:
Clearly say what you mean - Use
"I" messages
to state your position
Pay attention to
how
you say something
Be a good listener
Refusal Skills
Refusal skills
are communication strategies that can help you say no when you are urged to take part in behaviors that are unsafe or unhealthful, or that go against your values.
Refusal Strategies include:
Say no in a firm voice
Explain why
Suggest alternatives
Use appropriate body language
Leave if necessary
Conflict Resolution Skills
Conflict resolution
is the process of ending a conflict through cooperation and problem solving.
Eating nutritious foods and getting regular medical and dental checkups, as well as avoiding the use of tobacco, alcohol, and other drugs, are all behaviors that help you maintain and strengthen your overall health.
Managing Stress
Stress, the body's and mind's reactions to everyday demands, is a natural part of life.
Stress management
, ways to deal with or overcome the negative effects of stress.

Some strategies for managing stress include:
engaging in physical activity
listening to music
managing time effectively
taking a warm bath
laughing
Analyzing Influences
External influences
come from outside sources and include your family, your friends and peers, your environment, your culture, laws, and the media.
Accessing Information
Reliable sources of health information include:
parents, guardians, and other trusted adults
library resources
reliable Internet sites
newspaper and magazine articles by health professionals or expects
government agencies, health care providers, and health organizations
Advocacy
is taking action to influence others to address a health-related concern or to support a health-related belief
.
The different forms of advocacy are not necessarily mutually exclusive and do not have neat boundaries, for example (this is not an exhaustive list):

Self Advocacy - This is standing up for one's self. Anyone can act as his or her own advocate. It is when a person makes an informed decision about a matter of importance and then takes responsibility for bringing about the change necessary to make that choice a reality.

Peer Advocacy - takes place when the individual providing the help has been through, or is going through, a similar experience. This is also known as support advocacy and is often used by support groups

Best Interest Advocacy - Decisions are made by someone considered to have the best interests of the consumer in mind and/or who is considered to have the knowledge needed to make an informed decision - often on behalf of the consumer. The consumer may not be part of the decision making process.

Statutory Advocacy - is where someone is appointed with legal responsibility to represent another such as a welfare guardian.

Crisis Advocacy - uses a one to one relationship between a paid or unpaid advocate and someone who is at risk of being mistreated or excluded. This is usually a short-term one-off arrangement organised to deal with crisis.

Professional/Specialist Advocacy - is most widely recognised as legal advocacy, but may also be provided by others who provide specialist advocacy service such as HDC advocates specialising in advocacy under the Health and Disability Commissioner Act.

Political Advocacy - can include lobbying and is the advancement of particular viewpoints at a political level on behalf of a group of people.
Decision-making skills
are steps that enable you to make a healthful decision.
Steps of the Decision-Making Process:
State the situation
List the options
Weigh the possible outcomes
Consider values
Make a decision and act on it
Evaluate the decision
Setting Personal Health Goals
A
goal
is something you aim for that takes planning and work
Types of goals:
Short-term goal
is a goal that you can reach in a short period of time
Ex. Finish a project by Friday or cleaning your room before the weekend
Long-term goal
is a goal that you plan to reach over an extended period of time
Ex. Improve your grades for next semester or to graduate college
Achieving Your Goals
Action plan
, a multistep strategy to identify and achieve your goals.
Set a specific, realistic goal, and write it down
List the steps you will take to reach your goal
Identify sources of help and support
Set a reasonable time frame for reaching your goal
Evaluate your process by establishing checkpoints
Reward yourself for achieving your goal
Activity
In groups of three write and create a dialogue in which one teen uses refusal skills to avoid a harmful activity.
Complete "In So Many Words" worksheet
What are some healthful habits that you try to make a part of your life?
How do you handle and deal with stress?
Examples:
You go to a party and are pressured to drink alcohol (Person being pressured, person pressuring, and good friend telling you no)
You go to a friend's house and they are smoking weed (Person being pressured, person pressuring, and good friend telling you no)
Now come up with your own scenarios
Activity
Complete "Activity 4 Reteaching" worksheet
Activities
What is Good Character
A person with good character demonstrates

core ethical values
such as
responsibility, honesty, integrity, and respect
Traits of Good Character:
Trustworthiness
Respect
Responsibility
Fairness
Caring
Citizenship
Character and Health
Developing Your Character
What are yours goals?
To take a more active role in your character development:
Stand up for your beliefs
Learn from people who demonstrate good character traits
Join volunteer groups in your school or community
Positive Role Models
A
role model
is someone whose success or behavior serves as an example for others
Demonstrating Character
Make a difference at home
Make a difference at school
Make a difference in your community
Activity
Create a three-column chart with these headings: Home, School, Community. In each column, list at least three specific things you can do to make a positive difference in each of these areas.
Who is your role model?
Full transcript