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Transcript of Bolivia
Points of Interest
Bibliography Location Population History Culture Food Languages Points of Interest Bibliography The population of Bolivia is 10.5 million people as of 2011. It is a culturally diverse country which is reflected in the 36 native indigenous groups that have been living there for many of thousands of years. There are three main ethic groups in Bolivia, 55% are the Amerindian: the Quechua, Aymara, Guarani, and 33 other groups, 30% of the Mestizo, people who are the mix of European and Native American ancestry, and last 15% are Caucasian. There are two main religions in Bolivia; Roman Catholic is around 95% of the populations while Protestant are 5%. Population Languages Bolivia has over 30 indigenous languages which include Quechua, Aymara, and Leco, but Spanish is the main language. Every single indigenous language is included in the constitution as the official languages of Bolivia. Around the regions of Andes, Spanish and Quechua are spoken usually; in Altiplano, Aymara is spoken primarily, and in the area of the southeast border near Paraguay, Guaraní is mainly spoken. But everywhere you travel there will be different pronunciations of words as well as the vocabulary used. The language of Spanish though is spoken with about 75% of the people. History There are many fascinating elements of the official Bolivian languages. A significant factor is when the Native American people of Bolivian and the Spanish combined different cultural components from their traditions into the languages. Now days, Spanish is spoken most often in the urban settings. Here the language itself is a main part of the structure of classes of the hierarchy in Bolivia. Interesting Elements of Language Hugo Banzar Simón Bolívar Evo Morales Bolivia has been famous for it wealth of minerals ever since colonials day, but at around the end of the 17th century, most of the minerals were starting to dry up. Long before that Bolivia was once part of the Inca Empire. But when the Spaniards had taken over and defeated them in the 16th century, the Native American population, which had been primarily, was decreased to simply slavery. With Bolivia’s population slowly decreasing after that, because of the European diseases that were brought a long. Though, the city of Andes’ isolation came to the benefit of most of the natives as it protect them from catching it. We see then, that there was a true separation between the Europeans and the Natives; still to this day the Europeans who once lived there have cause a stratified society. Where inequality is based on the colour of your skin; yet when two-thirds of Bolivia is made up of Native American’s. When Major Ernesto Guevara from Cuba planned a resistance movement, a war was headed to Bolivia in 1965. But the Cuban army was no threat with the help of US military advisers. Bolivia’s army defeated Cuba and killed out Guevara on October 8 in 1967. Following, the military took over the government until 1982 when I was return back to civilian rule, with Hernán Siles Zuazo became president. Here was the time for Bolivia, when the country had the lowest per capita income in the entire South American continent. In 1997, Hugo Bánzar became president once again of Bolivia. His first time had been as a dictator, but this time he was a turn democrat. The most major movement was his progress in getting rid of illegal coca product and drug trafficking. This being done had cost the jobs of many farmers, as the coca crop was major ever since the Inca times, causing many Bolivian’s into poverty. Even though, Bolivia is above the second-largest naturally gas reserve, it has remained one of the poorest countries in South America. But in 2004, when Carlo Mesa was president he supported the idea of a future of the country’s significant natural gas reserves. Bolivian’s at first supported the plan, but when gas priced began to rise, it led to protests and eventually the resignation of Mesa on June 6. Currently Evo Morales is serving as the 80th President of Bolivia since 2006. By Aoife, Sydnie, and Mary Non- verbal communication is a very important factor in the actually communication of two people. Customary between people, like everywhere is a simple handshake there. During a conversation if you do not have direct eye contact you are seen as unreliable and not trustworthy. Posture is noticed there, by hunching over it is shown as a sign of rudeness. In Canada, the so-so hand gesture actually means no in Bolivia Bibliography The Country had finally won its independence in 1825, with the help of Simón Bolívar, the famous liberator. Years later, Bolivia suffered a loss. 3 pieces of its country was taken over by its neighbouring nations. After the ‘War of the Pacific’ which happened in 1879 to 1884, Chile took over a side on the Pacific. Brazil had taken land from the Acre Province in 1903. And after the Chaco War off 1932 to 1935, Paraguay took over the another portion. Bolivia in the end gave up over 100000 sq mi of the Gran Chaco. hhttp://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/35751.htm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carnaval_de_Orurohttp://www.destination360.com/south-america/bolivia/events-and-holidays Geography Altiplano and Lake Titicaca Lake Titicaca Cordillera Occidental Cordillera Occidental Climate In the tropical lowlands, it is very hot, humid, and between September and May, rainy. December and January are the hottest months of the year and August is especially windy. Between the months of May and July, come intensely cold winds referred to as “sures” or “surazos”, meaning Southerlies, but the locals. Along with these winds come rain and great drops in temperature. Bolivians say that in Bolivia, there are only really two seasons, these being the rainy season and the dry season. However, temperatures do still depend on the elevation, becoming colder as the altitude increases. In the northwest valleys, the weather is surprisingly hot and humid despite its high altitude. This is the cloudiest, rainiest and most humid region in all of Bolivia. In the central valleys, temperatures vary between 60-80 degrees Fahrenheit during the daytime, but at night they drop to about 30-40 degrees Fahrenheit. This region has a long rainy season and is very humid. It is not often that it snows. Average Climate Conditions Points of Interest Food Culture Interesting Facts Football, our soccer, is the most popular sport in Bolivia. The motto there is “vivir la passion del deporte” which means Bolivia lives the passion of football every day. Bolivia has the world’s largest butterfly sanctuary in Santa Cruz. “Unity is strength” is the official motto for Bolivia, in Spanish it is, ¡La unión es la fuerza! Boliviano is the official currency of Bolivia. Their main exports are textiles, petroleum, precious metals, sugarcane, and coffee. Bolivia's coat of arms Bowler hates are very popular for women in Bolivia, its an adopted British tradition. Breakfast (desayuno)-usually just tea or coffee with bread, sometimes cereal, and a popular treat is a buñuelo, covered in cane syrup.
Mid-morning snack- 10:30 AM, snack called a salteña, used served with juice or soft drinks.
Lunch (almuerzo)- 12-3ish, most important meal of the day, several courses, soup, main course (meat, rice, potatoes) then dessert or coffee, often followed by a siesta. Not usually spicy dishes, but a spicy sauce called la llajwa is usually available.
Teatime (té)- 4- 5 pm in the afternoon in tea rooms (cafes). Usually have pastries and black coffee or herbal tea.
Dinner (cena)- 8pm, usually have leftovers from lunch usually with ramen noodles. Popular Dishes
•Humitas - Fresh corn with cheese wrapped in corn leaves and steamed.
•Changa de pollo o de conejo - Soup make with chicken or cuy (guinea pig), potato, peas, avas and green onion.
•Chicharron - Pieces of fried pork, cooked with chicha (see drinks below) and served with stewed corn.
•Charque de llama - Dried llama meat, fried, served with stewed corn, hard cooked eggs and cheese.
Some common Bolivian drinks:
•Chicha de mani - Soft drink with peanut.
•Tojori - Hot thick drink made from white mashed corn.
• Waka Waka (Waca Waca)
• Suri Sicuri
• Pujllay Instruments:
• Sicu (also sicus)
• Tarka or tharqa
• Skin drums
• Copper bells
Folk music is the most popular. Strong Spanish influences, mostly played at festivals. • Wood blocks
• Mandolina 3) The Tropical Lowlands:
This includes everything east and north of the Andes mountains. The lowlands are separated into three areas: the northern area, which is very flat and is made up of a tropical rainforest, the central area, which has rolling hills and a dry climate, and the southeastern part, which is almost entirely rain-less save for three months during which the rain is extremely heavy. Bolivia tends to be more rural than urban in terms of the landscape. In the central-west part of South America, Bolivia sits along the Andes mountains. It is about twice the size of Spain, spanning 1,098,581 square kilometers, and is surrounded by Peru, Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina, and Chile. Bolivia is split into three main geographical areas: the western Altiplano and Mountain, the Yungas and Valleys, and the Tropical Lowlands. Overall, Bolivia's geography is made up of rainforests, rivers, valleys, mountains, volcanoes, swamps, and varying climates.
1) The western Altiplano and Mountains: They contain the Cordillera Occidental, which is a span of land populated by volcanoes and sulfataras, which are volcanic vents that let out sulfuric gas.
The Altiplano is a high plateau in between the two cordilleras. The area around the east side is very flat and at the end of the Altiplano, you can find Lake Titicaca. This is the world's highest navigable lake and is bigger than Puerto Rico. Because of the lake's warm temperature, it affects the area of land that surrounds it and makes crops of wheat able to grow.
2) The Yungas and Valleys:
These are made up of steep slopes that are very difficult to access. Because of heavy rainfall, the vegetation is thick and lush, making it one of the most spectacular places in Bolivia.
Towards the east, you can find hills and ranges, as well as narrow valleys that contain sharp rivers. Sucre and Cochabamba, two of the most important cities in Bolivia, are located in this region. The Yungas Andes Mountain Andes Mountains Most popular dance is the Caporales, it originated in the highlands. It is also very popular in many other countries such as Peru, Argentina, and Chile. Men carry whips and hats and wear large boots with bells attached, and the women wear mini-dresses, high heeled boots, and a bowler hat pinned to their hair. The dance is very active and involves lots of jumping and bouncing. Chicharron Humitas Bolivian food is a combination of Spanish cuisine with traditional native Bolivian ingredients, with later influences from Germans, Italians, Basques, Croats, Russians. Flan Chicha de mani One of the main points of interest in Bolivia is the famous Lake Titacaca, which was mentioned in the Geography section. It is located in the Altiplano and is the largest navigable lake and is enormous in size, (larger than Puerto Rico). It has a depth of 12,580 ft and spans 3,861 square miles. Across the lake, the viewer is granted stunning views of the snowy peaks of the Andes mountains.
Around the lake are two major islands, (Islas del Sol and Isla de la Luna). These islands are thought highly of because they are said to be the mythical sites of the creation of the Inca people. Another point of interest in Bolivia is Rurrenabaque, which is a lowland village considered to be the most beautiful of them all. In this village, you can find anacondas, capybaras, monkeys, turtles, macaws, and many other variations of wild life. The Casa Real De Moneda is the famous museum in Bolivia. It was originally the Royal Mint House, where the colonial Spanish turned silver into coins. It shows silver production's history and influence. Another interesting point with a different feel to it is Mercado de Brujas, the Witches Market. It is said to be one of the oddest markets in the world because of the strange things that are sold there, such as herbs, remedies, potions, charms, and dried llama fetuses. One very popular area in Bolivia is La Paz. It was founded on May 3rd, 1535, by Hernan Cortez. Located on a large bat on the Sea of Cortes, it is a popular beach spot and is known for its fishing tournaments. Islas del Sol Isla de la Luna Rurrenabaque Casa Real De Moneda Mercado de Brujas La Paz Games Dances Music Celebration Enchoque is a very popular hand-held game in Bolivia. It is usually a wooden ball that is tied to a hand-held piece of wood by string. The ball has a hole in it, which is meant to fit into the wooden stick. An easier version of this game is with a ball and a cup, when you try to get the ball into the cup. This is what we’re playing today. Bolivia's national flower is the kantuta. Carnival de Oruro-
It is the most popular religious festival in Bolivia, which take place every February 2. It began over 2000 years ago in Oruro, Bolivia. The religiousness of the celebration is because it was later used to incorporate the Virgin of Candelaria. The beginning dance is either the ‘Llama llama’ or the ‘Diablada.’ It is a colorful parade, which is a shows off Bolivian culture. Costumes, music, food, and drink play a large role in Bolivian festivities. Many of the dances rely on the costume to make "an appearance." (For example the bells on men's boots)