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Islamic Exporers

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Thom Vande Ryse

on 3 June 2013

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Transcript of Islamic Exporers

ABC Book
Islamic Explorers llah Ka'aba Allah is the greatest and most inclusive name of God to the Muslims. The Muslims had many to worship to, but in general they would just worship to Allah. The Muslims have only one name for God which is Allah. Allah's messenger was Muhammad. They believe that there is no other God than Allah. Hajj W Wudu is the ritual washing the Muslims had to do before praying, because they must be clean when they pray to god and if they were dirty it showed disrespect towards god. What they of course didn't want to do. udu Hajj, the fifth pillar of Islam is the pilgrimage to Mecca. Every Muslims are expected to do the pilgrimage at least one in his lifetime. Of course, it is forbidden for all non-Muslims. They are not allowed to make the pilgrimage if they have debts.
Muslims can start whenever they want during the 4 sacred months. The pilgrimage is usually complete after 5 days. During these 5 days, Muslims dress in white and go from one sacred monument to another to perform a ritual. The first common ritual is to circle seven times the Kaaba. C The Ka'aba, also called the sacred house, is a cube-shaped building in Mekkah. It is one of the most sacred places in Islam.
Near the Ka'aba is a place called Maqame-e-Ibrahim, which is a stone bearing of the footprint of prophet Ibrahim. Muslims orient themselves towards the Ka'aba during the five daily prayers. aliph Jihad Qu'ran The Qur'an is the religious text of Islam. The muslims believe that the Qur'an is from god who revealed it to muhammad. There are 114 chapters in the Qu'ran. The Qu'ran can't touch the ground it is not allowed to get dirty. Every Muslim has to have a Qu ran in their possesion. Jihad means " to strive." The word describe a spiritual and outer physical struggle. According to the Qu'ran the Holy book, Jihad is a religious duty of Muslims. Jihad do things that could be pleasant to God and achieve a particular goal. All muslims had the duty to follow the spiritual of Jihad. They also had to strive against sin within themselves to perfect their spiritual life. Visions, Muhammad had a lot of visions about god speaking to him and giving him knowledge. People believed that Muhammad was the messenger of god because they say he saw and talked with god. V isions C is for Caliph. Calpih is the head state of Caliphate. He was also called leader. Abu Bakr was a Caliph to Islam after Muhammad died. Pra Praying was the most important to Muslims because
they had to make god like them so they would get more "knowledge." Muslims have to pray 6 times a day and they have to attend every single one of those prayers. Y er Ramadan Ramadan is the ninth month of the islamic calendar , during that time muslim fast during the day time. During that time the Qu'ran was revealed. The night when the Qu'ran was revealed is called the Lailat ul Qadr. Muslims believe that during Ramadan the gates of heaven are open, and the gates of hell are closed and the devils are chained up. Islam offers sick people to not fast during Ramadan some patients still fast if their health is not affected. Shariah B The Shariah is the code of the Islamic Law. The word Shariah means: a straight path to a source of water. The Islamic Laws are based on the Qu'ran and the Sunna. In these sources, some actions from God are forbidden or required to Muslims. For example, woman must wear headscarf. The Islamic Laws are based on five categories: forbidden, discouraged, allowed, recommended and obligatory. F aitullah ajr Fajr is praying before sunrise. All Muslims have to attend to that prayer. Muslims have to pray six times a day, so they spread the prayers out evenly over the day. Muhammad B is for Baitullah. Baitullah is the home of Allah. In many religions, there are homes for their Gods just like in the for the Islamics. Most of the homes of Allah were churches but would be called Baitullah. Muhammad was the prophet of Islam. He was born in 570 AD and died in 632 CE. He was an orphan since age of 6. When he was 8 he was educated by his uncle.
Older, Muhammad was often meditating in a cave in Hira. There, he began to hear someone speaking to him and he could see vision. Later, the angel Gabriel came to Muhammad and instructed him to write the Qu'ran. According to the Qu'ran, Muhammad was the last messenger of God. Traders Mecca was a trade center in Arabia and it was also the center of Islam.
People came to Mecca for trading and they heared about Islam. Then they spreaded the word "Islam" around the world.
Islam asked the merchants to be honest and not to cheat the customers. So people liked to deal with muslims traders and accepted the religion as they they found it great.
Islam encourages the trades as taking interest in money was not accepted. Zakat Ulama Ulama is a class of well educated legal Islamic scholars. They rule on points of Islamic and Sharia law based on sacred texts and the Qu'ran. Some of them being Islamic lawyers specialize in other fields. The Ulama in different countries make different judgements they often pronounce things as haaram (forbidden). A century ago the Ulama said that using a radio or loudspeaker was haaram, but nowadays many Muslims have their own radios and tv's. In 1979 the Ulama said that Birth control was forbidden but nowadays its allowed. Ottoman Empire The state was founded by turkish tribes in 1299. It is often refferred to as the turkish empire. In the year of 1453 the ottoman state was transformed into an empire by mehmedd the second of constantinople. In the 1600s and the 1700s the empire was one of the most powerful in the world. The ottoman empire was deeply religious and Islamic. In that time it was the most powerful Muslim country. Without the Ottoman empire Islam wouldnt be a world religion anymore. hul Hijjah D Dhul Hijjah is known as the 12 and last month on the Islamic Calendar. It is the most important month to them. Dhul Hijjah contains the most important days of praying which are sacred to the Islamics. A E id Al-Adha Eid Al-Adha is a great holiday to Islamics that takes place on the 10th of Dhul Hijjah (12th month of the year). This is a special holiday that lasts for four days. Prophet N A phrophet is a person chosen to peak
for God. It is a person who got "send"
by God. In ancient Islam that was Muhammad. He was a messenger of Allah and so the prophet. He was send by the angel Gabriel, while he was meditating in the caves of Hira near Mecca. I is one of the biggest and fastest growing religions on the earth. It started in Arabia but now it is in almost every country. They believe in only one god. The people that beliefe in the Islam are Muslims. slam G od The Islamic God is Allah. God is crucial for Muslims. In fact Muslims believe that there is no God but the God Allah. They rely on Allah, their God, because they feel that they can trust him. By worshipping their God they pray 6 times a day by kneeling on their knees and crouching forward in order for their head touching the ground. Laylatul-Qadr You probably don't know what it is huh?
It is known as the Night of Destiny, the Night of Power, the Night of Value, the Night of Decree or the Night of Measures
Laylatul-Qadr is during Ramadan
During the 10 last days of Ramadan the Muslims who are capable of staying stay in the mosque.
Laylat ul-Qadr is the anniversary of the night that Muslims started believing the first verse of the Holy Book from the Muslims, the Qu'ran.
During this night you also read the Qu'ran. Zakat means charity, it is one of the five pillars. Zakat tells muslims to give 2.5 percent of your own wealth to charity. In Islam they are many benefits to obeying zakat. First there is obeying god, helping another person because everything an individual owns is from god and we don't own anything on our own. Muslims have to acknowledge that whether they're rich or poor is god's choice, that's why they are required to help those who are poor. Also they have to learn self discipline, freeing yourself from greed and freeing oneself from selfishness. -Jai Bojwani Pauline Nick peters Pauline Nick peters -Jai Bojwani Nick peters Nick peters Nick peters Bruno Citations Thom Bruno Pauline Pauline Pauline Jihad -Jai Bojwani According to the Qur'an it is the first house build for mankind. It was built by prophet Ibraham and assistance of his son, Ishmael, more than 3000 years ago By Thom By Thom iqab Islamic woman wear them
Often it is required for woman to wear
Wearing a niqab is a required form of a hijab.
Not every religion requirs it for example Christians don't have to wear it.
To cover their face, body, arms, and legs from unknown men. Often only the eyes are visible. By Thom Bruno -Jai Bojwani -Jai Bojwani Works Cited
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