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Outliers Chapter 5 Presentation

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Rachel Sun

on 24 September 2014

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Transcript of Outliers Chapter 5 Presentation

If you work hard enough and assert yourself, and use your mind and imagination, you can shape the world to your desires.
Insight Into Flom
Interesting Facts
Born in December 21, 1923
Died in February 23, 2011
Flom was only able to practice "take-over/dirty" cases which honed his skills and resulted in him later on becoming the most sought out person in that field of law.

"Like a pornographer, Flom found something that was publicly shunned by society as immoral but was nevertheless quite lucrative, and he did not hesitate to engage in it anyway. That was his “in”. Flom didn’t hesitate to become a pornographer" (Donovan).
What I found curious in this particular chapter was the importance of chance in life. We are told that success is something you make for yourself, but one of the key facts presented by Gladwell, chance, disproves that idea.
The second lesson Gladwell presents in this chapter is the idea "Demographic Luck", the idea that the success of a person lies heavily on the location and time period of their birth.
Gladwell compares the success rate of people born 1903 to 1911 and those born in 1912-1917. It is explained that those born in the first set will have completed college only to face World War II and the Great Depression. Those who where born later could just dodge that unfortunate era were able to actually peruse their path into greatness.
Tuesday, September 23, 2014
Conclusions Made by the Author
The Importance of Chance
Your world, generation, family history, and culture can give you opportunities.
Chapter 5
The Three Lessons of Joe Flom
Key Points
Works Cited
Flom the Real World
~Malcom Gladwell, Outliers (page 151)
Significant Discoveries
Gladwell, Malcolm. Outliers: The Story of Success. N.p.: n.p., n.d. Print.
The Importance of Being Jewish
Demographic Luck
Meaningful Work
The grandchildren of struggling Jewish garment makers were able to obtain educated professions as lawyers. These professions eventually dominated second and third generation Jewish family trees.
Life Application
Rachel Sun
Bryan Kim
Quinn Wong
Ananth Krishnan

This particular section of the chapter was concerned with the importance of ethnic backgrounds on a person's life. The opportunity given by being Jewish when entering the law field.
Back in the 1940's to the 1950's, the Jewish population was rejected from the major lawsuit companies, mainly delicate cases. The Jewish law firms however jumped at these opportunities and gained experience dealing with such cases.
Eventually, the cases began to multiply and the Jewish lawyers were the only ones who were able to handle fragile cases. This resulted in a wide demand for Jewish lawyers. The major lesson in this section is that the more a specific group becomes well known for a certain task, the future generations will most likely have the same reputation.
Beckman High School
1) The only lawyers discussed were Jewish lawyers. Other races are discriminated against in the field of law (e.g. African Americans, Nordic)
2) Only MALE lawyers were discussed. Even throughout the book, the only icons of success were males. "Gladwell calls icons of success "outliers." I call them "Folks With P*nises," people statistically more apt to have been born male. I guess it wouldn't fly to call a book, P*nis: The Most Important Key to Success. Gladwell asks the reader of Outliers to identify discernible patterns in his list of outliers, without mentioning gender specifically. It's truly flabbergasting" (Snortland).
3) Gladwell makes it appear as if racial discrimination and disadvantages are opportunities and benefits. Why? Mainly because he is of a race of disadvantage. "Outliers represents a squandered opportunity for Gladwell—himself an outlier, an enormously talented and influential writer and the descendant of an African slave—to make a major contribution to our ongoing discourse about nature, nurture, and race" (Horgan).
Jewish immigrants were able to exploit the garment industry to carve a out a living using three qualities to make their work meaningful.

Autonomy meant that you were your own boss with your own business and you were free to make your own decisions.

Complexity meant that you were constantly engaged, always trying to get ahead of your competition.

The connection between effort and reward meant that you knew that with longer hours meant more rewards, more benefits, and in this case, more support for your family.

Though the garment industry was not the most rewarding work in terms of money. These three qualities made work enjoyable and endurable.
It's okay not to be the smartest person in the world, Chris Langan proved that even though how smart you are it really won't matter if you don't have an opportunity to shine, it's crucial to see what opportunities you have and seize the chance whenever it is available, whether it is in law or sewing, you should always grab at whatever options are available.
"Christopher Langan." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 09 Aug. 2014. Web. 17 Sept. 2014.
His parents were Jewish immigrants from Ukraine.
Horgan, John
Critical Questions
Question 1-
Are location, ethnicity, and hard work the only points to success?
Question 2-
Why do some people succeed more than others when given the same situation? Is it just pure dumb luck or is it a major difference in work habits or personality?
Gladwell further proves that success mostly relies upon the time and the place you were born in. Chris Langan, is seen to be one of the brightest people alive today. But back when he was young, he was where his vast intellect didn't really matter. He had teachers that didn't really see his potential so he was often bored in class so he taught himself all the advanced classes you could think of. He received perfect scores on his SAT even though he fell asleep in the middle of it. He worked in jobs that were nothing to do with his gift, he worked as a construction worker, cowboy, farmhand, and a forest firefighter. Imagine if he was in a position like Joe Flom or any other Jewish lawyer, he would have been a phenomenal success.
Question 3-

Can we build and shape our future the way we want to or is it just out of out control?
Question 4-
A question about author bias: do you think Gladwell excluded examples of successful women on purpose just to make a point, or did he do it unintentionally?

Many successful lawyers have come from Jewish descent.
Snortland, Ellen. "Gender Elephant in the Gladwell's Outlier Living Room." The Huffington Post. TheHuffingtonPost.com, 20 July 2009. Web. 18 Sept. 2014.
Donovan, Christopher. "Joseph Flom as a Stereotypical Jewish Success Story." Occidental Observer. N.p., 28 Feb. 2011. Web. 18 Sept. 2014.
The major lesson in this chapter is that location is everything. The time and place you are born can have a major impact on your future. For example, being born in a time of war or economic debt will not yield as many successful people as in a time of plenty.

The chances of being successful are much higher if you are not hindered by events such as war and famine. This, of course, means that this world could be a much more advanced and successful place had we not been so hampered by common problems of human civilization.
"Flom never lacked for ambition"(118).
Example: Louis and Regina Borgenicht came from Poland with a ready-made skill set for clothing production. They succeeded in the clothing production business, making aprons, when they settled in America.
Success does not only come from hard work, but hard thinking too.
Langan Approves of this Presentation
Some things may appear to be bad at first, but it may turn out to be advantageous for you.
Going to sleep as a struggling boss, is more rewarding than going to sleep as a successful slave.
~the end~
They had the skills and were ready for the opportunity when it presented itself.
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