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When You Are Old - William Butler Yeats Presentation

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by

Aditya Shenoy

on 12 June 2013

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Transcript of When You Are Old - William Butler Yeats Presentation

When You are Old By: Aditya Shenoy,
Zach Lehrer,
Jordan Blank,
Rachel Harris William Butler Yeats Analysis of Poem Literary Devices Literary Devices: First Stanza Literary Devices: Second Stanza Literary Devices: Third Stanza Analysis: First Stanza Cont. Analysis: First Stanza Author Background Themes & Subjects Yeats wrote this poem to express his unrequited love for Maud Gonne, a woman who had rejected his love several times but inspired many of his poems. How many loved your moments of glad grace,
And loved your beauty with love false or true,
But one man loved the pilgrim soul in you,
And loved the sorrows of your changing face When you are old and gray and full of sleep
And nodding by the fire, take down this book,
And slowly read, and dream of the soft look
Your eyes had once, and of their shadows deep, Born on June13, 1865 in County Dublin, Ireland.
Mother: Susan Mary Pollexfen
Father: John Butler Yeats
Yeats was always "full of thought, often very abstract thought, longing all the while to be full of images, because I had gone to the art school instead of a university.”
Immersed in the mythology and legends of Ireland.
Enthusiastic for roots of Irish culture The Relationship between Art and Politics
The Impact of Fate and the Divine on History
Irish Mythology and Folklore
Romance When you are old and gray and full of sleep
And nodding by the fire, take down this book,
And slowly read, and dream of the soft look
Your eyes had once, and of their shadows deep, Constant repetition of the word 'and' creates a rythm and beat, representing the passing of time in life. The use of phrases such as 'sleep' and 'nodding' stimulate the thought of relaxation and calmness When you are old and gray and full of sleep
And nodding by the fire, take down this book,
And slowly read, and dream of the soft look
Your eyes had once, and of their shadows deep, Yeats asks Gonne to read the book slowly, reminiscing the moments they spent together, thinking about the love that could have been. Yeats uses the word “love” in this stanza to lighten the mood of the reader. Analysis: Second Stanza In the last two lines of the stanza, Yeats reveals his attraction and love for Gonne. The “sorrows of your changing face” further reveal that Yeats has loved Gonne despite any of her sorrowful experiences. Introduction to William Butler Yeats And bending down beside the glowing bars
Murmur, a little sadly, how love fled
And paced upon the mountains overhead,
And hid his face amid a crowd of stars When Yeats says “bending down besides the glowing bars”, the reader and Gonne are sent back into the real world from the ethereal visions he portrayed earlier. He further implements the melancholy mood of the poem by enforcing a feel of remorse to Gonne. She is sitting by the warmth of the fire regretting the missed opportunity of the past years that have gone. “Murmur, a little sadly, how love fled” reveals that Yeats’ love for Gonne “fled” and was never returned. She murmurs to herself because now, she is all alone in her impending death. This line shows that Gonne would feel remorse if she didn’t accept Yeats’ love but not in a warning manner. “And paced upon the mountains overhead” describes that path of Yeats’ unrequited love. This line could describe the path of their lost love hiding among a crowd of starts or, based on certain beliefs, people become stars when they die so Yeats is telling Gonne that he will be among those stars before she can accept his love so she should do so now or she’ll be sorry. The ending of the poem has imagery that signifies a feeling of loneliness and the death of their love going to the sky among the stars, a place that cannot be reached. Analysis: Third Stanza These lines use ten syllables of IAMBIC PENTAMETER when / YOU / are / OLD / and / GREY / and / FULL / of / SLEEP. METER: he uses the word “and” several times in the stanza. This gives the stanza a rhythmic beat and structure and extends the poem giving it a feeling of old age. ALLITERATION of long sounds, especially l's and w's, in essence to give the poem a very drawn out and sleepy feel. END RHYME: sleep/deep, book/look... How many loved your moments of glad grace,
And loved your beauty with love false or true,
But one man loved the pilgrim soul in you,
And loved the sorrows of your changing face REPITITION: Contrasts the meloncholy feeling of last stanza. ALLITERATION/ SPONDIAC FOOT: syllables are stressed. IMAGERY And bending down beside the glowing bars
Murmur, a little sadly, how love fled
And paced upon the mountains overhead,
And hid his face amid a crowd of stars. PERSONIFICATION OF LOVE: Elaboration of the themes of romance and loss. IMAGERY: Path of the lost love between Yeats and Gonne. Conclusion "When you are old" by William Butler Yeats is an exeptional poem that properly demonstrates the use of literary devices to maintain a steady rhythm.The poem describes Yeats' unrequited love for Maud Gonne. Throughout the poem he tells her to think about her future and how she may be alone if she doesn't take her chances on love now. William Butler Yeats (1865-1939) Structure of Poem Three stanzas
Four lines each
End rhyme pattern
ABBA CDDC EFFE
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