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Art Therapy - TTT 2014
Transcript of Art Therapy - TTT 2014
...sublimation is attained when forms are created that successfully contain anger, anxiety or pain...
By Sharen Ong and Pratyusha Sridhar
Expressing Through Art: An Introduction to Art Therapy
What we did...
What is Art Therapy?
What can we use for Art?
Art therapy is a form of expressive therapy that uses the creative process of making art to improve a person’s physical, mental, and emotional well-being
What can we do?
The creative process involved in expressing one’s self artistically can help people to resolve issues as well as develop and manage their behaviors and feelings, reduce stress, and improve self-esteem and awareness.
paints (water, acrylic and oil)
Art therapy sets itself apart by utilizing the creative process of art and having a low barrier to entry (anyone can be creative in some form or another).
Especially beneficial to children (as younger people are usually less capable and less comfortable expressing themselves via words) but can also be very helpful to adults.
By expressing oneself through art one can see things about oneself that you otherwise may not have comprehended.
Art therapists can help you process emotions and feelings that you are struggling with, so you can begin healing.
They are also quite capable of providing insight into your creations and helping you understand certain aspects of yourself that maybe you didn’t know existed be it good or bad.
It is this idea of self-exploration that can often lead a person to some insightful conclusions about themselves.
Often leads to a general sense of relief and overall better mental health.
It’s important to note that you don’t need an art therapist to reap the benefits of art therapy.
If you go into art as therapy and learn about the basic concepts and ideas that it represents, then you can learn a lot about yourself through your own isolated creative expression.
Something you can do on your own to just relieve stress, discover yourself in new ways, etc. It’s also something you can do with other people.
Anyone can benefit from art therapy even if you’re using creative arts as a means of expression without the aid of an art therapist.
Play the Creative Writing Game
Give your students a blank piece of paper, pens, felt pens or crayons.
Present them with five pictures of your choice. Allow them to choose three out of the five. Encourage your students to write a few sentences to explain what is happening in their story,
In the event your students are reluctant writers, get them to verbally recount the story as you write it down on their behalf
The different mediums...
Things that can be done in class...
Using Art in our classrooms
Art therapy can achieve different things for different people. It can be used for counseling by therapists, healing, treatment, rehabilitation, psychotherapy, and in the broad sense of the term, it can be used to massage one’s inner-self in a way that may provide the individual with a deeper understanding of him or herself.
Oh no! I can't draw!
What?! I'm not good at drawing!
How to draw?! What to draw? I don't know!
You don’t need to be talented or an artist to receive the benefits, and there are professionals that can work with you to dive into the underlying messages communicated through your art, which will aid in the healing process.
Step 1. Write down 5 things (people, activities etc.) that make you feel really happy or supported.
Step 2. Assign a colour to each item (and one to represent yourself).
Step 3. Draw a solid circle in the center of your figure using the “self” colour.
Step 4. Decorate your “self-portrait” using the other colors (keeping their meanings in mind).
Step 5. GO CRAZY!!
Date: 26th June 2014
A peek into the past...
In England, the first person to refer to the therapeutic applications of art as art therapy was Adrian Hill.
Hill’s work was expanded upon by the artist Edward Adamson who worked with Hill to introduce this new therapy to long-term British patients in mental hospitals.
The two pioneers of art therapy in the United States were Margaret Naumburg and Edith Kramer.
Margaret Naumburg -- form of symbolic speech coming from the unconscious, to be evoked in a spontaneous way and to be understood through free association, always respecting the artist’s own interpretations
Edith Kramer -- “royal road” to sublimation, a way of integrating conflicting feelings and impulses in an aesthetically satisfying form, helping the ego to control, manage, and synthesize via the creative process itself.
Since the beginning of time art has been used as a medium for communicating thoughts and ideas.
Moving forward in history, art became an instrument for self-expression and symbolism.
However, it wasn’t until the 1940′s that the therapeutic use of art was defined and developed into a distinct discipline
The discipline arose independently in America and Europe.
- Edith Kramer
Art in itself is a form of communication, an extension of the person who has done the art, a way of communicating that which is within to those who are on the outside, a way of reaching inside to bring out that which is hidden to be revealed, a way to express much more in depth than with the limits of vision for written communication by using senses such as COLOUR, SOUND, TOUCH, and even TASTE.
The most effective and enjoyable way to ease children into writing is to introduce story writing through art. Reading stories is heaps of fun. Writing stories also needs to be enjoyable. This method makes writing fun.
Freudian's Defense Mechanisms
Sigmund Freud, founder of psychoanalysis theory explained that personality is composed by three elements (the Id, Ego and Superego).
At times, there may be conflicting demands by the three elements that cause stress, guilt and anxiety.
This is when our Ego deploy defense mechanisms (Anna Freud's idea) to help protect us from these negative feelings.
Defense mechanisms are natural and normal, but as it gets out of proportion, neuroses develop (anxiety states, phobias, obsessions or hysteria).