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Mykahla Klima Women in wwi
Transcript of Mykahla Klima Women in wwi
by: Mykahla Klima
Women's jobs in WWI
When men were serving in the war, they left everything behind even their jobs.
To have a functioning society, people needed to fill the jobs. Women took over the jobs.
Gail Braydon, a historian of women's work, said that the war was "a genuinely liberating experience."
The jobs made women feel useful as citizens because they weren't just at home taking care of their kids, they were contributing to society.
About 1,600,000 women started working in 1914-1918. They worked in government, public transportation, the post office, as clerks, land workers, and in factories.
Women's jobs in WWI
Men were surprised by how amazing women were doing, but they still didn't want women working. They were scared that women would take their jobs because women wanted to work and they would do it for cheap.
They were also angry that women were taking their jobs for the usual sexist reasons like women aren't strong enough and they aren't smart enough etc.
The biggest employer of women in WWI were munition factories. They produced weapons. Women worked with poisons all the time without safety clothes. They were willing to do anything to help. They also started taking over their husbands farms and doing everything on their own
women working in munition factories
women working on farms
tea napkins with allied countries' coat of arms
red cross poster trying to convince women to come to war
Women in the Military
Women have always been involved in wars. They usually were cooks, nurses, or they did laundry.
WWI changed a lot of things for women in wars. Women started making organizations that went to Europe to provide relief to the people fighting there.
Women from all social classes started helping.
Women in the Military
Women got uniforms in WWI. The uniforms earned them respect. They symbolized "Their credentials as citizens engaged in war time service."
For the first time in American history women were attached to arms of the military. World War I was a turning point for women in the military all around the world.
Women's Suffrage in WWI
In February of 1917 women held signs in front of the white house hoping to get women the right to vote. Women were very persistent when it came to the right to vote, they would do anything for it. They protested until November,1917.
Some of the protestors were arrested and sent to jail. They were treated horribly in jail. They were beaten and tortured. Some of the women who were tortured barely survived. Some examples are Lucy Burns whose hands were handcuffed to the bars above her cell and was forced to stand all night, Dorothy Day whose arm was twisted behind her back by a guard who slammed her against an iron bench twice, Dora Lewis who has her head smashed against an iron bed, Alice Cosu, Dora's roommate, who thought Dora was dead so she had a heart attack and was not allowed medical care until the next day. These women still didn't give up. Some of them went on a hunger strike and were force fed with a feeding tube down their throat.
referendum for women's suffrage
women picketing the white house
suffragists march in Washington demanding the right to vote
When people found out about what they did to the women in jail they were disgusted. People all over the country wanted women to vote after that. Woodrow Wilson thought that the states should decide whether or not to let the women vote at first but changed his mind later. He said he wanted a federal amendment letting women vote in his address to the senate on September 30, 1918. The 19th amendment was passed on June 4, 1919 which allowed white women the right to vote. Some people forget that women of color weren't granted the right to vote until much later
Women of Color in WWI
African Americans in 1914 were still facing racism and discrimination. They didn't let that stop them from getting jobs.
In WWI African Americans started working making steel, rubber, and building ships.
They also worked in Petrochemical industries.
Women of Color in WWI
African American women got a lot of jobs in WWI. They worked on the railroads for the first time, found jobs as laborers, cleaning cars, wiping engines, and fixing railroad beds.
A women named Helen Ross worked for the Santa Fe Railroad. She was interviewed by Women's Service Section of U.S. Railroad Administration. She said, "All the colored women like this work and want to keep it. We are making more money at this than any work we can get, and we do not have to work as hard as at housework which requries us to be on duty from six o’clock in the morning until nine or ten at night, with might little time off and at very poor wages....What the colored women need is an opportunity to make money. As it is, they have to take what employment they can get, live in old tumbled down houses or resort to street walking, and I think a woman ought to think more of her blood than to do that. What occupation is open to us where we can make really good wages? We are not employed as clerks, we cannot all be school teachers, and so we cannot see any use in working our parents to death to get educated. Of course we should like easier work than this if it were opened to us, but this pays well and is no harder than other work open to us. With three dollars a day, we can buy bonds..., we can dress decently, and not be tempted to find our living on the streets..." Santa Fe Railroads later said that this is a mans job and women weren't strong enough, can you see the irony.
Women giving male soldiers food
Washington Post, www.washingtonpost.com/news/retropolis/wp/2017/11/10/night-of-ter-the-suffragists-who-were-beaten-and-tortured-for-seeking-the-vote/?utm_term=b036dc9310b5.
“Striking Women.” World War I: 1914-1918 | Striking Women, www.striking-women.org/module/women-and-work/world-war-i-1914-1918.
“‘All the Colored Women Like This Work’: Black Workers During World War I.” HISTORY MATTERS - The U.S. Survey Course on the Web, historymatters.gmu.edu/d/5331/.