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Ancient Greek Philosophy

6th Grade Philosophy Project
by

Ruby Rodrigues

on 3 June 2013

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Transcript of Ancient Greek Philosophy

Origins of Philosophy > Socrates, born in Athens in the 5th century B.C., marks a watershed in Ancient Greek philosophy. Athens was a center of learning, with sophists and philosophers traveling from across Greece to teach rhetoric, astronomy, cosmology, geometry, and the like. The great statesman Pericles was closely associated with this new learning and a friend of Anaxagoras, however, and his political opponents struck at him by taking advantage of a conservative reaction against the philosophers; it became a crime to investigate the things above the heavens or below the earth, subjects considered impious. Anaxagoras is said to have been charged and to have fled into exile when Socrates was about twenty years of age. There is a story that Protagoras, too, was forced to flee and that the Athenians burned his books. Socrates, however, was certainly charged under this law, convicted, and sentenced to death in 399 B.C.. In the version of his defense speech presented by Plato, he claims that it is the envy he arouses on account of his being a philosopher that will convict him. What is Philosophy? > 1. Philosophy is the study of the fundamental nature of knowledge, reality, and existence, esp. when considered as an academic discipline.

> 2. A set of views and theories of a particular philosopher concerning such study or an aspect of it. Socrates 469 B.C. - 399 B.C.

> Socrates was a classical Greek Athenian philosopher. Credited as one of the founders of Western philosophy, he is an enigmatic figure known chiefly through the accounts of later classical writers, especially the writings of his students Plato and Xenophon, and the plays of his contemporary Aristophanes. Many would claim that Plato's dialogues are the most comprehensive accounts of Socrates to survive from antiquity. Plato 428 B.C - 348 B.C. > Plato was a philosopher in Classical Greece. He was also a mathematician, student of Socrates, writer of philosophical dialogues, and founder of the Academy in Athens, the first institution of higher learning in the Western world. Along with his mentor, Socrates, and his student, Aristotle, Plato helped to lay the foundations of Western philosophy and science. Aristotle 384 B.C. - 322 B.C. > Aristotle was a Greek philosopher and polymath, a student of Plato and teacher of Alexander the Great. His writings cover many subjects, including physics, metaphysics, poetry, theater, music, logic, rhetoric, linguistics, politics, government, ethics, biology, and zoology. Together with Plato and Socrates (Plato's teacher), Aristotle is one of the most important founding figures in Western philosophy. Aristotle's writings were the first to create a comprehensive system of Western philosophy, encompassing ethics, aesthetics, logic, science, politics, and metaphysics NCCNCNCN Facts: > He had 2 wives> He fought as a soldier in the Peloponnesian War

> He believed that the greatest accomplishment in life is pure happiness

> He was the most famous traveling teacher of Greece, but spent most of his time in Athens

>He was the tutor of Plato, another great Greek philosopher His Life: His Life: > Born in 469 BCE
> Died in 399 BCE after being sentenced to execution through hemlock because the government felt that his teachings were corrupting the youth of Athens Socratic Method A thought process created by Socrates where he asked his students a series of questions in hope that they will discover a deeper meaning to their answers without him directly telling them. The students were unaware of his teaching method. Socratic Method A thought process created by Socrates where he asked his students a series of questions in hope that they will discover a deeper meaning to their answers without him directly telling them. The students were unaware of his teaching method. Facts He wrote down the conversations that his teacher, Socrates, had with others and this is how we know so much about Socrates' beliefsHe wrote a book entitled "The Republic".
>This book expressed his thoughts on governmental tactics that would work better for the AtheniansHe was an excellent writer who wrote over 30 dialogues
> His books were called dialogues because they were often written in a conversation format> > > > He was the teacher of Aristotle Facts > He wrote down the conversations that his teacher, Socrates, had with others and this is how we know so much about Socrates' beliefs
He wrote a book entitled "The Republic". This book expressed his thoughts on governmental tactics that would work better for the Athenians
> He was an excellent writer who wrote over 30 dialogues
> His books were called dialogues because they were often written in a conversation format
> He was the teacher of Aristotle His Life > He was born in 429 BCE in Athens to a wealthy and very powerful family
> Founded the Academy located in Athens in 387 BCE
> The Academy was the longest lasting school of its time
> At the Academy they enforced his idea of a perfect education
> Plato's Perfect Education: 10 years of arithmetic, geometry, astronomy, and harmonics. Then 5 years of dialectics
> He died in 347 BCE Facts > He formed the first concept of the scientific method.
> He defined and created syllogism> All of his teachings weren't accepted until 1500 AD
> Since he was one of Plato's greatest students he thought he was next in line to become the principle of the Academy. However, he wasn't once he was rejected the principle job he left to go be a teacher to royalty, but later returned and made a rival school called Peripatetic His Life > He was born in 384 BCE in a town a little east of Macedonia> When he left in 338 BCE to teach royalty he was really going to go and teach Alexander the Great. However, when Alexander took control of Macedonia he was more focused on war then Aristotle's teachings, so Aristotle returned to Athens and opened his own school
> Aristotle died in 322 BCE His Life > He was born in 429 BCE in Athens to a wealthy and very powerful family
> Founded the Academy located in Athens in 387 BCE
> The Academy was the longest lasting school of its time
> At the Academy they enforced his idea of a perfect education
> Plato's Perfect Education: 10 years of arithmetic, geometry, astronomy, and harmonics. Then 5 years of dialectics
> He died in 347 BCE His Life > He was born in 384 BCE in a town a little east of Macedonia.
> When he left in 338 BCE to teach royalty he was really going to go and teach Alexander the Great.
> However, when Alexander took control of Macedonia he was more focused on war then Aristotle's teachings, so Aristotle returned to Athens and opened his own school
> Aristotle died in 322 BCE Conclusion In conclusion philosophy is the way we study science today
.........hope you like our presentation!!!!!!
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