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Healthy Living and Personal Well-Being
Transcript of Healthy Living and Personal Well-Being
behaviour that results in injury and violence
alcohol and substance use
dietary and hygienic practices that cause disease
sexual behaviour that causes unintended pregnancy and disease
An effective school health programme can be one of the most cost effective investments a nation can make to simultaneously improve education and health. Organizations and communities like WHO (World Health Organization) promotes school health programmes as a way to prevent important health risks among youth and to engage the education sector in efforts to change the educational, social, economic and political conditions that affect risk.
Early Pregnancy and Childbirth
Injuries Most young people are healthy. However, more that 2.6 million young people aged 10 to 24 die each year. A much greater number of young people suffer from illnesses which stop their ability to grow and develop to their full potential. A greater number still engage in behaviors that jeopardize not only their current state of health, but often their health for years to come. Nearly two-thirds of premature deaths and one-third of the total disease in adults are associated with conditions or behaviors that began in their youth, including: tobacco use, a lack of physical activity, unprotected sex or exposure to violence. Brings little or no benefits and causing all sorts of health problems and disorders. Genetically modified foods (GM foods, or biotech foods) are foods derived from genetically modified organisms (GMOs), specifically, genetically modified crops. GMOs have had specific changes introduced into their DNA by genetic engineering techniques.
Commercial sale of genetically modified foods began in 1994, when Calgene first marketed its Flavr Savr delayed ripening tomato.Typically, genetically modified foods are transgenic plant products: soybean, corn, canola, and cotton seed oil. These may have been engineered for faster growth, resistance to pathogens, production of extra nutrients, or any other beneficial purpose. GM livestock have also been experimentally developed, although as of July 2010 none are currently on the market. Current Statistics More than 2.6 million young people aged 10 to 24 die each year, mostly due to preventable causes.
About 16 million girls aged 15 to 19 give birth every year.
Young people, 15 to 24 years old, accounted for 40% of all new HIV infections among adults in 2009. About 20% of adolescents will experience a mental health problem, most commonly depression or anxiety.
An estimated 150 million young people use tobacco.
Approximately 430 young people aged 10 to 24 die every day through interpersonal violence.
Road traffic injuries cause an estimated 700 young people's death every day. Current Statistics (Continue) Superfoods HIV Every day, 2400 more young people get infected and globally there are more than 5 million young people living with HIV/AIDS. Currently, only 36% of young men and 24% of young women have the comprehensive and correct knowledge they need to protect themselves from acquiring the virus. Early Pregnancy and Childbirth About 16 million girls aged 15 to 19 years give birth every year, roughly 11% of all births worldwide. The vast majority of adolescents’ births occur in developing countries. The risk of dying from pregnancy-related causes is much higher for adolescents than for older women. Malnutrition Many boys and girls in developing countries enter adolescence undernourished, making them more vulnerable to disease and early death. On the other hand, overweight and obesity (another form of malnutrition with serious health consequences) are increasing among young people in both low and high income countries. Mental Health In any given year, about 20% of adolescents will experience a mental health problem, most commonly depression or anxiety. The risk is increased by experiences of violence, humiliation, devaluation and poverty, and suicide is one of the leading causes of death in young people. Tobacco Use Can't zoom any further =) The vast majority of tobacco users worldwide began when they were adolescents. Today an estimated 150 million young people use tobacco. This number is increasing globally, particularly among young women. Half of those users will die prematurely as a result of tobacco use. Harmful Use of Alcohol Harmful drinking among young people is an increasing concern in many countries. Alcohol use starts at a young age: 14% of adolescent girls and 18% of boys aged 13–15 years in low- and middle-income countries are reported to use alcohol. It reduces self-control and increases risky behaviors. Violence Violence is one of the leading causes of death among young people, particularly males: an estimated 430 young people aged 10 to 24 years die every day through interpersonal violence. For each death, an estimated 20 to 40 youths require hospital treatment for a violence-related injury. Injuries Unintentional injuries are a leading cause of death and disability among young people. Road traffic injuries take the lives of a staggering 700 young people every day! Healthy Living
Personal Well-Being HIV Better access to HIV testing and counselling will inform young people about their status, help them to get the care they need, and avoid further spread of the virus. Where social, cultural and economic conditions increase the vulnerability of young people to HIV infection, an effective HIV prevention strategy should aim to address these factors as well. Early Pregnancy and Childbirth The formulation and enforcement of laws that specify a minimum age of marriage, community mobilization to support these laws, and better access to contraceptive information and services can decrease too-early pregnancies. Those adolescents who do become pregnant should be provided with quality antenatal care and skilled birth attendance. Where permitted by law, those adolescents who opt to terminate their pregnancies should have access to safe abortion. Malnutrition Adequate nutrition and healthy eating and physical exercise habits at this age are foundations for good health in adulthood. In addition, it is important to prevent nutritional problems by providing advice, food and micro-nutrient supplementation (e.g. to pregnant adolescents), as well as detecting and managing problems promptly and effectively when they occur. Building life skills in children and adolescents, and providing them with psychosocial support in schools and other community settings can help promote mental health. If problems arise, they should be detected and managed by competent and caring health workers. Mental Health Tobacco Use Banning tobacco advertising, raising the prices of tobacco products and laws prohibiting smoking in public places reduce the number of people who start using tobacco products. They also lower the amount of tobacco consumed by smokers and increase the numbers of young people who quit smoking. Harmful Use of Alcohol Banning alcohol advertising and regulating access to it are effective strategies to reduce alcohol use by young people. Brief interventions of advice and counseling when alcohol use is detected can contribute to reducing harmful use. Violence Promoting nurturing relationships between parents and children early in life, providing training in life skills, and reducing access to alcohol and lethal means such as firearms help prevent violence. Effective and empathetic care for adolescent victims of violence and ongoing support can help deal with both the physical and the psychological consequences of violence. Injuries Advising young people on driving safely, strictly enforcing laws that prohibit driving under the influence of alcohol and drugs and increasing access to reliable and safe public transportation can reduce road traffic accidents in young people. If road traffic crashes occur, prompt access to effective trauma care can be life saving. To maintain a healthy body and mind Eggs Egg yolks are home to tons of essential but hard-to-get nutrients, including choline, which is linked to lower rates of breast cancer (one yolk supplies 25% of your daily need) and antioxidants that may help prevent macular degeneration and cataracts. Greek Yogurt Yogurt is a great way to get calcium, and it’s also rich in immune-boosting bacteria. Greek yogurt has twice the protein (25% of women over 40 don’t get enough) compared with regular yogurt. Milk Studies show that calcium isn’t just a bone booster but a fat fighter too. Recent research from the University of Tennessee found that obese people who went on a low-calorie, calcium-rich diet lost 70% more weight than those who ate the least. Vitamin D not only allows your body to absorb calcium, it’s also a super nutrient by itself. Research shows that adequate D levels can reduce heart disease risk, ward off certain types of cancer, relieve back pain, and even help prevent depression, but most of us don’t get nearly enough of the 1,000+ IU daily that most experts recommend. Salmon Salmon is a rich source of vitamin D and one of the best sources of omega-3s you can find. These essential fatty acids have a wide range of impressive health benefits, from preventing heart disease to smoothing your skin and aiding weight loss to boosting your mood and minimizing the effects of arthritis. Lean Beef Lean beef is one of the best-absorbed sources of iron there is. (too little iron can cause anemia) Adding as little as 1 ounce of beef per day can make a big difference in the body’s ability to absorb iron from other sources. Beef also packs plenty of zinc (even minor deficiencies may impair memory) and B vitamins, which help your body turn food into energy. And... Beans
Edamame and Tofu
... Processed Meat Meats preserved by smoking, curing, or salting, or that contain chemical preservatives, are linked to an increased risk of colon cancer. Most are manufactured with a carcinogenic ingredient known as sodium nitrite, used to turn packaged meats a bright red color so they look fresh. A 2005 study from the University of Hawaii found that processed meats increase the risk of pancreatic cancer by 67 percent. Hot dogs, in particular, are made up of meat scraps, including organs, nerve tissue, bone pieces, and other unsavory animal parts. Soda It’s loaded with calories, sugar, and artificial ingredients, and has no nutritional benefit. One can of soda contains the equivalent of ten packets of sugar. According to studies, most popular diet and sugared sodas are nearly as corrosive to dental enamel as battery acid, leading to an increase in tooth sensitivity and cavities despite good dental hygiene. Pepsi and Coca-Cola recently announced they would modify the coloring to avoid a cancer-warning label newly required by California law. A UCLA study also directly linked soda with obesity. Regular Potato Chips They’re full of artery-clogging trans fats, high glycemic carbohydrates, sodium, artificial flavors, colors, and preservatives. High temperatures used to cook them typically cause the formation of carcinogenic substances like acrylamide, which is also found in cigarettes. Microwave Popcorn Chemicals in the lining of the bag, including perfluoroctanoic acid (PFOA) are part of a class of compounds that may be linked to infertility in humans, according to researchers at UCLA. In testing, the chemicals caused liver, testicular, and pancreatic cancers. Microwaving causes the chemicals to vaporize and absorbed into your popcorn. Farmed Salmon According to David Carpenter, M.D., director of the Institute for Health and the Environment at the University at Albany, farmed salmon is not only lower in vitamin D than wild-caught, but higher in contaminants, including carcinogens, PCBs, flame retardants, and pesticides including DDT. “You can only safely eat one of these salmon dinners every 5 months without increasing your risk of cancer,” Carpenter stated. These fish are also typically treated with high levels of antibiotics. Junk Food And of course... Dark chocolate is actually healthy! Eat it daily to maintain a healthy lifestyle! Eat for a super healthy lifestyle! Açaí Berries Açaí Berry have "weapons grade" antioxidant levels that make other super-fruit rivals like blackberries, strawberries, and blueberries seem like nothing. However, because this tiny berry only grow from Brazil, it's not easy to find fresh. Apples America's favorite fruit is a secret super-fruit, thanks of its red or green color. Apples are a great fiber source, but the skin contains quercetin, an antioxidant that packs antihistamine and anti-inflammatory power, and therefore may help protect you from heart disease and possibly allergic reactions. Rhubarb Rhubarb is frequently regarded as a fruit (based on how we eat it), but it is a vegetable belonging to the same family as sorrel and buckwheat. Championed for its phytochemical lindleyin, this nutritional all-star makes the cut for its potential role in relieving hot flashes in perimenopausal women. How the plant cools hot flashes is not exactly clear. Researchers have identified an extract in the root that may have estrogen-like properties. This plant is also rich in potassium, vitamin C and dietary fibre. Cinnamon Valued in ancient times as currency and once considered more precious than gold, cinnamon is one of the world's oldest known spices, it has made the pilgrimage from spice rack to science lab. Preliminary studies are investigating its role in lowering blood sugar in people with type 2 diabetes, most likely due to the insulin-like effects of its polyphenols (natural substances found in plants). It's still too early to know if cinnamon can help curb blood sugars, but with studies suggesting its effects can be seen with a daily dose of just half a teaspoon (two millilitres), it's worth keeping this spice in mind when reaching into the spice cabinet. And... Bananas
... Effects of GM Foods Death from GM Foods In 1989, dozens of Americans died and several thousands were afflicted and impaired by a genetically modified version of the food supplement L-tryptophan creating a illness (a debilitating ailment) known as Eosinophilia myalgia syndrome (EMS) . Released without safety tests, there were 37 deaths reported and approximately 1500 more were disabled. Direct Cancer and Degenerative Disease GH is a protein hormone which, when injected into cows to produces more milk, thus making milk production more profitable for the large dairy corporations. In 1993, FDA approved Monsanto's genetically-modified rBGH, a genetically-altered growth hormone that could be then injected into dairy cows to enhance this feature, and even though scientists warned that this resulted in an increase of IGF-1 (from (70%-1000%). IGF-1 is a very dangerous chemical hormone that has been linked to a 2.5 to 4 times higher risk of human colorectal and breast cancer. Superviruses Viruses can mix with genes of other viruses and retroviruses such as HIV. This can give rise to more deadly viruses. One study showed that gene mixing occurred in viruses in just 8 weeks (Kleiner, 1997). This kind of scenario applies to the cauliflower mosaic virus CaMV, the most common virus used in genetic engineering, used in soy of Monsanto, Bt-maise of Novaris, and GM cotton and canola. It is a kind of "pararetrovirus", multiplies by making DNA from RNA. It is somewhat similar to Hepatitis B and HIV viruses and can pose immense dangers. And... Near-deaths and Food Allergy Reactions
Indirect, Non-traceable Effects on Cancer Rates
Antibiotic Threat Through Milk
Antibiotic Threat Through Plants
Resurgence of Infectious Diseases
Increased Food Allergies
Birth Defects and Shorter Life Spans
No Regulated Health Safety Testing
Toxicity to Soil